Lojistik Faaliyetlerin Akdeniz Ülke Ekonomileri ile İlişkisiŞule Güngör, Elifcan Dursun, Ahmet Karaoğlan
Ülkelerin ekonomik açıdan büyüklükleri ve lojistik faaliyetlerinin ilgili ülkelerin ekonomik büyüklüğüne etkisini inceleyebilmek amacıyla Akdeniz’e kıyısı olan 15 ülke ekonomisine lojistik sektörünün etkisi 1980 - 2018 dönemi için lojistik performans endeksi ve gayri safi yurtiçi hâsıla değerleri ile panel veri analizi kullanılarak incelenmiştir. Çalışmada yıllar bazında farklılıkların söz konusu olması ile beraber pozitif yönlü ilişki ve gayri safi yurtiçi hasılada yaşanan değişmelerin lojistik performans endeksi tarafından açıklandığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Ülkeler için yapılan analizlerde Türkiye ve Arnavutluk için lojistik performans endeksi ile gayri safi yurtiçi hâsıla arasındaki en yüksek ilişki elde edilmiştir. Elde edilen bu sonuç her bir ülkenin ekonomik büyüklüğünde lojistik faaliyetlerin önemini ortaya koymaktadır.
The Relationship Between Logistics Activities and the Economy of Mediterranean CountriesŞule Güngör, Elifcan Dursun, Ahmet Karaoğlan
In order to examine the economic magnitude of countries and the effect of logistics activities on the economic magnitude of the countries concerned, The impact of the logistics sector on the economies of the 15 Mediterranean coasts was analyzed for the period 1980-2018 using the logistics performance index and gross domestic product values with panel data analysis. In the study, it is concluded that the positive performance and the changes in the gross domestic product are explained by the logistic performance index with the fact that there are differences over the years. The strongest relationship between the gross domestic product and logistics performance index is observed in Turkey and Albania. This result shows the importance of logistic activities in the economic size of each country.
In the globalized world market, the developments made in the fields of trade and industry are of great importance for countries to achieve economic growth. With this movement, the liberalization of trade positively affected the course of international trade in general. As a result of international trade becoming a competitive factor between countries and companies, logistics attracts attention. In line with these developments, the logistics sector gains a strategic dimension and acts as a lever in the economy in order to ensure the sustainability of international trade in the desired dimensions. The logistics sector is one of the most important sectors that attracts intense attention with its investments in the country’s economy, employment and national income, and the development of it through globalized trading networks. In particular, enterprises and countries aiming to increase their competitiveness have been making significant investments for the development of the sector and have great expectations about the possible returns of the sector. As a result of the investments and the expectations, manufacturing sectors are highly affected by the logistics parameters. In addition to this, the investments made for logistics directly affect the commercial formation of businesses or countries in a positive way and increase the trade volume.
The importance of logistics for companies and countries in terms of global trade develops and eventually becomes vital. The importance of logistics may vary for the countries in terms of geographies and logistic opportunities. Especially for the countries who have a coast side and can ensure sea transportation efficiently may gain greater profit. Otherwise, it can be observed that the countries in the same region have similarities in terms of economics and global trade. In this study, the common point in logistics activities and the economic point of view are similar to each other. In order to examine the economic magnitude of the countries and the effect of logistics activities on the economic magnitude of the countries concerned, The impact of the logistics sector on the economies of the 15 Mediterranean coasts was analyzed for the period 1980-2018 using the logistic performance index and gross domestic product values with panel data analysis. The results of the analysis covering the years 2007, 2010, 2012, 2014 and 2016 revealed a moderate positive relationship and 32% of the changes in the gross domestic product could be explained by the logistic performance index. On the other hand the strongest relationship between the gross domestic product and logistics performance index is observed Turkey and Albania. Changes in the value of gross domestic product in Turkey and Albania is explained by the high proportion of logistics performance index. This situation shows the importance of logistics activities in the economic magnitude of the two countries concerned. In addition, it is determined that if countries concentrate heavily on “Infrastructure” and “Customs” activities among the activities constituting the logistic performance index, they may have higher gross domestic product.