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DOI :10.26650/JEPR1023518   IUP :10.26650/JEPR1023518    Tam Metin (PDF)

Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran

Seyed Nezamuddin MakiyanMahsa SaeediMehdi Nejati

The environment is one of the main concerns in global policies and affects many other factors including the economy. Trade liberalization would affect environmental quality through its effect on production. This study aims to express the effect of the trade liberalization policy on environmental pollution in the frame of a multi-regional system model. Thus, the GTAP-E model was utilized for the year 2019, so that the environmental consequences (in terms of measurement of CO2 emission) could be studied as the result of reducing the tariffs on import in the forms of two scenarios. In the first scenario, the import tariff on agricultural, industry and services products was reduced by 5%, and in the second scenario, the import tariff on the agricultural, industry and services sectors was reduced by 5%, 10% and 15%, respectively. The results obtained in both cases indicate a reduction in the effect of scale, technique and composition. The results indicate that an import tariff reduction in the various sectors of the economy reduces pollution emissions and its effects improve the environment. The second scenario has a greater effect on the different sectors and also is closer to the reality of Iran’s economy.

JEL Classification : F13 , Q53 , C68

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DIŞA AKTAR



APA

Makiyan, S.N., Saeedi, M., & Nejati, M. (2022). Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran. İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi, 9(2), 557-573. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1023518


AMA

Makiyan S N, Saeedi M, Nejati M. Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran. İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2022;9(2):557-573. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1023518


ABNT

Makiyan, S.N.; Saeedi, M.; Nejati, M. Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran. İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi, [Publisher Location], v. 9, n. 2, p. 557-573, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Makiyan, Seyed Nezamuddin, and Mahsa Saeedi and Mehdi Nejati. 2022. “Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran.” İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi 9, no. 2: 557-573. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1023518


Chicago: Humanities Style

Makiyan, Seyed Nezamuddin, and Mahsa Saeedi and Mehdi Nejati. Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran.” İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi 9, no. 2 (Dec. 2022): 557-573. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1023518


Harvard: Australian Style

Makiyan, SN & Saeedi, M & Nejati, M 2022, 'Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran', İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 557-573, viewed 2 Dec. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1023518


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Makiyan, S.N. and Saeedi, M. and Nejati, M. (2022) ‘Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran’, İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi, 9(2), pp. 557-573. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1023518 (2 Dec. 2022).


MLA

Makiyan, Seyed Nezamuddin, and Mahsa Saeedi and Mehdi Nejati. Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran.” İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi, vol. 9, no. 2, 2022, pp. 557-573. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1023518


Vancouver

Makiyan SN, Saeedi M, Nejati M. Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran. İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi [Internet]. 2 Dec. 2022 [cited 2 Dec. 2022];9(2):557-573. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1023518 doi: 10.26650/JEPR1023518


ISNAD

Makiyan, SeyedNezamuddin - Saeedi, Mahsa - Nejati, Mehdi. Trade Liberalization and Environmental Pollution in Iran”. İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi 9/2 (Dec. 2022): 557-573. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1023518



ZAMAN ÇİZELGESİ


Gönderim14.11.2021
Kabul18.04.2022
Çevrimiçi Yayınlanma29.07.2022

LİSANS


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