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DOI :10.26650/jot.2021.7.2.967896   IUP :10.26650/jot.2021.7.2.967896    Tam Metin (PDF)

Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate

David R. Perkins

This paper reviews associations between weather and visitor attendance at two climatically similar zoological parks. This is achieved by examining weather, climate, and attendance data at the Indianapolis and St. Louis zoological parks over a period of approximately one decade. The methodological approach utilizes tourism climatology as the foundation for information gathering, display, and analysis of results. Peak days of attendance at both zoos coincide with ‘warm’ and ‘slightly’ warm days. Regarding the lowest attendances, visitors at both locations appear to display more aversion to cold thermal stress conditions than hot thermal stress conditions, however visitors at St. Louis Zoo appear to be more averse to cold conditions. Discussions regarding how social calendars and admission pricing may interact with this relationship are introduced.

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Perkins, D.R. (2021). Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate. Journal of Tourismology, 7(2), 195-225.


Perkins D R. Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate. Journal of Tourismology. 2021;7(2):195-225.


Perkins, D.R. Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate. Journal of Tourismology, [Publisher Location], v. 7, n. 2, p. 195-225, 2021.

Chicago: Author-Date Style

Perkins, David R.,. 2021. “Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate.” Journal of Tourismology 7, no. 2: 195-225.

Chicago: Humanities Style

Perkins, David R.,. Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate.” Journal of Tourismology 7, no. 2 (Jan. 2022): 195-225.

Harvard: Australian Style

Perkins, DR 2021, 'Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate', Journal of Tourismology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 195-225, viewed 18 Jan. 2022,

Harvard: Author-Date Style

Perkins, D.R. (2021) ‘Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate’, Journal of Tourismology, 7(2), pp. 195-225. (18 Jan. 2022).


Perkins, David R.,. Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate.” Journal of Tourismology, vol. 7, no. 2, 2021, pp. 195-225. [Database Container],


Perkins DR. Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate. Journal of Tourismology [Internet]. 18 Jan. 2022 [cited 18 Jan. 2022];7(2):195-225. Available from: doi: 10.26650/jot.2021.7.2.967896


Perkins, DavidR.. Thermal Environments and Visitor Attendance in Zoological Parks: Observations in A Humid Continental Climate”. Journal of Tourismology 7/2 (Jan. 2022): 195-225.


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