Research Article


DOI :10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017   IUP :10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017    Full Text (PDF)

Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination

Rohini ChatterjeeKarine Dupre

Coal, a prominent factor in the origins and growth of the European settlement of Newcastle (New South Wales, Australia) is not a part of the current city’s narration. The city in some ways is still governed by the mines of the penal settlement but a tourist may remain oblivious to this when they visit. This paper looks at the tourism potential of Newcastle’s mining heritage. It introduces the factors considered in terms of a heritage site, the importance of memories related to heritage structures, the role the industrial landscape plays in a city’s social and economic life as well as rehabilitation aspects. This research was done based on qualitative and quantitative methodology drawing on a comparative analysis of case studies. The detailed analysis of four case studies on industrial heritage tourism was executed based on heritage value, transformed spaces, the businesses the sites support, factors of authenticity, site areas, revenue generation and average footfall. This research helps to identify the positive traits of Newcastle in terms of mining heritage tourism and opens the possibility of future research. 


PDF View

References

  • AGDEE (2018). Australia’s National Heritage List [Online]. Australia: Australian Government. Retrieved from http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/national-heritage-list google scholar
  • AGPC (2018). Productivity Commission [Online]. Australian Government. Retrieved from https:// www.pc.gov.au/ google scholar
  • Alexandrowicz Z., & Alexandrowicz S. W. (2004). Geoparks- The most valuable landscape parks in Southern Poland. The Polish Geological Institute Special Papers, 13 pp. 49-56 in Proceedings of the Conference “Geological heritage concept, conservation and protection policy in Central Europe. google scholar
  • Armitage, L., & Irons, J. (2013). The values of built heritage. Property Management, 31, 246–259. doi:https://doi.org/10.1108/02637471311321487 google scholar
  • Bachelard, G. (1994). The poetics of space. Boston: Boston Beacon Press. Barndt, K. (2010). Layers of Time: Industrial Ruins and Exhibitionary Temporalities. PMLA, 125, 134–141. google scholar
  • Beaumont, E. (2018). Mine craft: Coal mine at Martinet, Belgium, by Dessin et Construction. The Architectural Review. google scholar
  • Bell, A. (1999). Authenticity and the project of settler identity in New Zealand. Social Analysis: The International Journal of Social and Cultural Practice, 43, 122–143. google scholar
  • Bosch, D. (2015). Tourism. Stiftung Zollverein. Campbell, A. (2015). Performing Cultural heritage: Authenticity and the Spirit of Rebellion. Australasian Drama Studies, 155–178, 302. google scholar
  • Carter R. W., & Bramley R. (2002). Defining heritage values and significance for ımproved resource management: an application to australian tourism. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 8(3), 175–199. doi: 10.1080/13527250220000/18895 google scholar
  • Chand, M. (2013). Residents’ perceived benefits of heritage and support for tourism development in Pragpur, India. Tourism : An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 61(4), 379–394. google scholar
  • Coupland, B., & Coupland, N. (2014). The authenticating discourses of mining heritage tourism in Cornwall and Wales. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 18, 495–517. google scholar
  • Dangar, H. (1828). Index and directory to map of the country bordering upon the River Hunter. google scholar
  • Davies, C. S. (1984). Dark inner landscapes: The South Wales Coalfield. Landscape Journal, 3, 36–44. google scholar
  • Del Pozo, P. B., Gonz, X. C., & Lez, P. A. (2012). Industrial heritage and place identity in Spain: From monuments to landscapes. Geographical Review, 102, 446–464. google scholar
  • Docherty, J. C. (1983). The making of an Australian City, Sydney, Hale & Iremonger. DOEE (2018). Heritage [Online]. Australia: Australian government, Department of Environment and Energy. Retrieved from http://environment.gov.au/heritage google scholar
  • DOIIS (2018). Australian Department of Industry, Innovation and Science [Online]. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved from www.industry.gov.au google scholar
  • Dorstewitz, P. (2013). Planning and experimental knowledge production: Zeche Zollverein as an urban laboratory. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38, 431–449. google scholar
  • Dupre, K. (2010). Inheritage & urban redevelopment : The case study of Pispala district, Finland. ELSA- International Review, (3-4), 65–81. google scholar
  • Dupre, K. (2018). Trends and gaps in place-making in the context of urban development and tourism: 25 years of literature review. Journal of Place Management and Development. doi: 10.1108/JPMD-07-2017-0072. google scholar
  • Eklund, D. E. (2005). In Search of the lost coal mines of Newcastle [Electronic resource] / presented by Dr. Erik Eklund of University of Newcastle. Coal River Working Party, 7. google scholar
  • EPBC (1999). Environment Protection and Biodiversity Act 1999 [Online]. Australian Government. Retrieved from http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/about google scholar
  • Frost, W. (2005). Making an Edgier Interpretation of the Gold Rushes: Contrasting Perspectives from Australia and New Zealand. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 11, 235–250. google scholar
  • Garrod, B. (2014). World heritage: Benefits beyond borders. Journal of heritage tourism, 9, 91–92. google scholar
  • Gerber, N. (2014). Newcastle City Council dealing with Blackbutt Reserve mineshaft [Online]. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/local/photos/2014/11/12/4126878.htm Goodall, B. (1993). Industrial Heritage and Tourism. Built Environment (1978-), 19, 92–104. google scholar
  • Goold, W. J. (1981). The birth of Newcastle, Newcastle & Hunter District Historical Society. Halwachs, M. (1992). On collective memory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. google scholar
  • Hallett, D. (2002). The Wieliczka salt mine. Geology Today, 18, 182–185. google scholar
  • Hardy, A. (2015). Australian coal mining industry (1797-1820s): Beginnings, history and the vanished industrial heritage of early Newcastle. Barton, ACT. Engineers Australia, 1. google scholar
  • Hemmings, S., & Kagel, M. (2010). Memory gardens: aesthetic education and political emancipation in the “Landschaftspark Duisburg-Nord”. German Studies Review, 33, 243–261. google scholar
  • Henry, M. H. E. M. (1969). A saga of coal : The Newcastle Wallsend Coal Company’s centenary volume, Sydney, Angus and Robertson. google scholar
  • HLH (2018). Wickham School of Arts [Online]. Newcastle, Australia: Hunter Living Histories. Retrieved from https://hunterlivinghistories.com/2018/05/07/wickham-school-of-arts/ google scholar
  • Kingswell, G. (1890). The coal mines of Newcastle, N.S.W.: Their rise and progress, Newcastle, Australia, Newcastle Morning Herald. google scholar
  • Kelly, M. (2018). Falling Visitor numbers and ageing membership to blamed for maritime museum’s demise. The Newcastle Herald, 23.05.18. google scholar
  • Kruczek, Z. & Szromek, A. (2011). Using R. W. Butler’s model to interpret the development of tourist attractions, based on the example of the salt mine in Wieliczka. Folia Turistica, 25(11), 249–264. google scholar
  • Leary, T. E. & Sholes, E. C. (2000). Authenticity of place and voice: Examples of industrial heritage preservation and ınterpretation in the U.S. and Europe. The Public Historian, 22, 49–66. google scholar
  • Lichfield, N. (1997). Achieving the Benefits of Conservation. Built Environment (1978-), 23, 103–110. google scholar
  • Lobb, A. (2018). Newcastle’s maritime museum to close. NBN 21.05.18. google scholar
  • Mallo, J. C., De Marco, S. G., Bazzini, S. M. & Del Rio, J. L. (2010). Aquaculture: an Alternative Option for the Rehabilitation of Old Mine Pits in the Pampasian Region, Southeast of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Mine Water & the Environment, 29, 285–293. google scholar
  • McDonald, H. (2011). Understanding the antecedents to public interest and engagement with heritage. European Journal of Marketing, 45, 780–804. doi: 10.1108/03090561111120037 google scholar
  • McQueen, K. E. N. (2012). The importance and future of mining history: An Australian Perspective. Earth Sciences History, 31, 316–320. Misztal, B. A. (2003). Theories Of Social Remembering, McGraw-Hill Education. google scholar
  • Murcott, F. M. B. F. (1892-1901). Historical Records of New South Wales, Sydney, Government Printer. google scholar
  • NCC (2016a). Revitalizing Newcastle short report [Online]. Newcastle City Council, Urbangrowth NSW. Retrieved from https://www.newcastle.nsw.gov.au/getattachment/Council/News/ Latest-News/Overwhelming-support-for-Newcastle-city-revitalisa/Revitalising-NewcastleNewcastle-Voice-Summary-Report.pdf.aspx google scholar
  • NCC (2017). Redevelopment plan for Wickham Newcastle. In: COUNCIL, N. C. (ed.). Newcastle, Australia: NCC. google scholar
  • NCC (2016b). Statistical data of employment in Newcastle [Online]. Remplan Economy, Newcastle City Council. Retrieved from http://www.economyprofile.com.au/newcastle/industries#barchart google scholar
  • NCC (2018). Subsidiary Advisory NSW [Online]. NSW Government. Retrieved from http://www. subsidenceadvisory.nsw.gov.au/newcastle-city-centre-maps google scholar
  • NCCC (1992). Newcastle Old Town. Newcastle, Australia. NCT (2018). Visit Newcastle [Online]. NCC. Retrieved from https://www.visitnewcastle.com.au/ google scholar
  • NH (2017). Newcastle Supercars 500: 2017 race times, getting there and everything you need to know. google scholar
  • Page, D. (2014). $8.7m buyout: mounting cost of mine subsidence [Online]. Newcastle Herald. Retrieved from http://www.theherald.com.au/story/2383435/87m-buyout-mounting-cost-ofmine-subsidence/ google scholar
  • Pallasmaa, J. (2009). The Thinking Hand. Chichester: U.K., google scholar
  • Wiley. Pawlikowska-Piechotka, A. (2009). Industrial Heritage Tourism: a Regional Perspective (Warsaw). Physical Culture and Sport, 46, 276. google scholar
  • Rhodes, S. (2011). Hot city, cool life. Sydney Morning Herald, 02/19/2011 Feb 19. google scholar
  • SH. (2018). Sovereign Hill: It’s pure gold [Online]. Australia. Retrieved from http://www. sovereignhill.com.au/sovereign-hill/. google scholar
  • Slezak, M. (2017). Newcastle: world’s biggest coal export port announces shift away from coal [Online]. Australia: The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/ environment/2017/dec/18/newcastle-worlds-biggest-coal-export-port-announces-shift-awayfrom-coal google scholar
  • SLM. (2018). Hyde Park Barracks Museum [Online]. Sydney Living Museum. Retrieved from https://sydneylivingmuseums.com.au/hyde-park-barracks-museum google scholar
  • Smee, B. (2018). KFC Aboriginal artefact loss an act of ‘genocide’’. The Newcastle Herald. google scholar
  • Taylor, J. P. (2010). Photogenic authenticity and the spectacular in tourism: experiencing the Pentecost goal. La Ricerca Folklorica, 61(61), 33–40. google scholar
  • Theobald, D. M. (2005). Landscape patterns of exurban growth in the USA from 1980 to 2020. Ecology and Society, 10, 32. google scholar
  • Throsby, C. D. (2012). 2006- Paying for the past. Economics, cultural heritage, and public policy. Australia’s Economy in its International Context. University of Adelaide Press. google scholar
  • Wanhill, S. (2000). Mines- A Tourist Attraction: Coal Mining in Industrial South Wales. Journal of Travel Research, 39, 60–69. google scholar
  • Ward, M. (1989). County Studies 10 Alternatives for Moving L.A. Trash to Remote Areas. The Los Angeles Times (pre-1997 Full text), 06/24/1989 Jun 24. google scholar
  • Williams, M. (2013). Benefit from heritage tourism. Daily Post, 04/03/2013 Apr 03. google scholar
  • Weaver, D. B. (2011). Contemporary tourism heritage as heritage tourism. Annals of tourism research, 38, 249–267. google scholar
  • Wojtowicz, B., Strachowka, R., & Strzyz, M. (2011). The perspectives of the development of tourism in the areas of geoparks in Poland. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 19, 150–157. google scholar
  • World Heritage Centre (WHC) (2018). Retrieved from https://whc.unesco.org/en/list. google scholar
  • Wu, T. C., Xie, P. F., & Tsai, M. C. (2015). Perceptions of attractiveness for salt heritage tourism: A tourist perspective. Tourism Management, 51, 201–209. google scholar
  • WSM (2018). Wieliczka Salt Mine [Online]. Poland: Government and Pvt Co. Available: https:// www.wieliczka-saltmine.com/about-the-mine google scholar
  • Xiong, S., Dupre, K., & Liu,Y. (2019). China wrestles with contested heritage of conflict and colonial rule [Online]. Available: https://theconversation.com/china-wrestles-with-contestedheritage-of-conflict-and-colonial-rule-108158. google scholar
  • Zekas, R. (2009). Experiencing history on an Industrial scale; Coal mines are the latest word in cool as they become uber-modern icons of Ruhr heartland. Toronto Star, p.T.1. google scholar
  • Zollverein S. (2018). Zollverein UNESCO World Heritage Site. Retrieved from https://www. zollverein.de/app/uploads/2018/02/Zollverein-UNESCO-World_Heritage-Site.pdf google scholar

Citations

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


EXPORT



APA

Chatterjee, R., & Dupre, K. (2019). Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination. Journal of Tourismology, 5(1), 31-50. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017


AMA

Chatterjee R, Dupre K. Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination. Journal of Tourismology. 2019;5(1):31-50. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017


ABNT

Chatterjee, R.; Dupre, K. Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination. Journal of Tourismology, [Publisher Location], v. 5, n. 1, p. 31-50, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Chatterjee, Rohini, and Karine Dupre. 2019. “Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination.” Journal of Tourismology 5, no. 1: 31-50. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017


Chicago: Humanities Style

Chatterjee, Rohini, and Karine Dupre. Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination.” Journal of Tourismology 5, no. 1 (Jun. 2022): 31-50. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017


Harvard: Australian Style

Chatterjee, R & Dupre, K 2019, 'Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination', Journal of Tourismology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 31-50, viewed 28 Jun. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Chatterjee, R. and Dupre, K. (2019) ‘Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination’, Journal of Tourismology, 5(1), pp. 31-50. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017 (28 Jun. 2022).


MLA

Chatterjee, Rohini, and Karine Dupre. Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination.” Journal of Tourismology, vol. 5, no. 1, 2019, pp. 31-50. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017


Vancouver

Chatterjee R, Dupre K. Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination. Journal of Tourismology [Internet]. 28 Jun. 2022 [cited 28 Jun. 2022];5(1):31-50. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017 doi: 10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017


ISNAD

Chatterjee, Rohini - Dupre, Karine. Exploring Newcastle’s Potential as an Industrial Heritage Tourism Destination”. Journal of Tourismology 5/1 (Jun. 2022): 31-50. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2019.5.1.0017



TIMELINE


Submitted09.04.2019
Accepted11.07.2019

LICENCE


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


SHARE




Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.