Derleme Makalesi


DOI :10.26650/IAR2022-1183927   IUP :10.26650/IAR2022-1183927    Tam Metin (PDF)

Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals

Yeşim DilekPınar Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu

The first use of wool occurred in ancient Mesopotamia as a result of the domestication and selective breeding of sheep. As civilization developed in southern Mesopotamia in the late 5th and 4th millennia BC, evidence from that time implies that pig and cattle farming began to give way to nomadic goat and sheep-herding. This development can be seen by looking at the economy of the region, where sheep became a status symbol. The trade network clearly demonstrates the status symbol and the significance of wool for that region. It was among the most significant goods exported to nearby civilizations. The literature of the Mesopotamians reveals the significance of wool in terms of the divine character. It was given to temple inhabitants for use in a variety of ways. For example, it was used as payment for goods and services and it was initially used to produce blankets, pillows, cushions, carpets, ropes, chariots, equestrian equipment, and textiles. This thing also had value as a ceremonial object for ancient Mesopotamians and, indirectly, Hittites in Anatolia. The use of multicolored wool, particularly in these ancient societies' healing rituals, is quite astounding. One of the most prevalent items in ancient Mesopotamian medicinal ritual practices was wool of various colors, which was mentioned in therapeutic ritual literature. Many of these customs were passed on to the Hittites through the substantial commercial network with Anatolia during the Assyrian trade colony period. Hittite religious rites utilized wool of various hues. Hittite society relied on wool to absorb and purify dangers and evils in religious life. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role that wool had in ancient Mesopotamian and Hittite healing rites.


PDF Görünüm

Referanslar

  • Ay, Ş. (2013). Mis-Pi, Pit-Pi Ritüelleri ve Eski Mezopotamya’da İnsan Tanrı İlişkisi. Tarih Okulu Dergisi, 6(XV), 1-21. google scholar
  • Beckman, G. (2007). A Hittite Ritual for Depression (CTH 432), Tabularia Hethaeorum: Hethitologische Beiträge, Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz. google scholar
  • Benzel, K. G. Rakic, S. Watts, Y., & Edith W. (2010). Art of the Ancient Near East. The Metropolitan. New York: Museum of Art Publisher. google scholar
  • Biga, M. G. (2014). Some Aspects of the Wool Economy at Ebla (Syria, 24th Century BC), Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East and the Aegean. Ancient Textile Series Vol. 17. United Kingdom: Oxbow Books. google scholar
  • Biggs, D. R. (2005). Medicine, Surgery, and Public Health in Ancient Mesopotamia. Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies, 19(1), 1-19. google scholar
  • Böck, B. (2013). When You Perform the Ritual of ‘Rubbing’: On Medicine and Magic in Ancient Mesopotamia. Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 62 (1), the USA: The University of Chicago Press. google scholar
  • Breniquet, C., & MicheL, C. (2014). Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East and the Aegean. Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East and the Aegean, Ancient Textile Series Vol. 17. United Kingdom: Oxbow Books. google scholar
  • Dercksen, J. G. (2004). Old Assyrian Institutions. Leiden: MOS Studies. google scholar
  • Eliade, M. (2002). Babil Simyası ve Kozmolojisi. İstanbul: Kabalcı Yayınevi. google scholar
  • Foster, B. R. (2014). Wool in the Economy of Sargonic Mesopotamia. Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East and the Aegean. Ancient Textile Series Vol. 17. United Kingdom: Oxbow Books. google scholar
  • Goff, L. B. (1956). The Röle of Amulets in Mesopotamian Ritual Texts. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, the Warburg Institute, 19(1/2), 1-39. google scholar
  • Hammons, M. B. (2008). Before Joan Arc: Gender Identity and Heroism in Ancient Mesopotamian Birth Rituals. (Doktora Tezi), Vanderbilt University in Religion Nashville: Tennessee. google scholar
  • Jastrow, M. (1914). Babylonian-Assyrian Birth-Omens. The USA: University of California Press Library. google scholar
  • Jastrow, M. (1989). The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria. Boston: Ginn Company Publishers. google scholar
  • Lassen, A. W. (2014). Wool in Anatolia in the Old Assyrian Period. Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East and the Aegean. Ancient Textile Series Vol. 17. United Kingdom: Oxbow Books. google scholar
  • Peled, I. (2010). Expelling the Demon of Effeminacy Anniwıyanı’s Ritual and the Question of Homosexuality in Hittite Thought. Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions, 10(1), 69-81. google scholar
  • Pinches, T. G. (1906). The Religion ofBabylonia and Assyria. London: Archibald Constable & Co Ltd. google scholar
  • Reiner, E. (1958). Şurpu. A Collection of Sumerian and Akkadian Incantations. AO Beihett 11. google scholar
  • Scurlock, J. (2001). Translating Transfers in Ancient Mesopotamia. Ed. by Paul Mirecki and Marvin Meyer. Magic and Ritual in the Ancient World, Boston: Leiden Brill. google scholar
  • Scurlock, J. (2005). Ancient Mesopotamian Medicine A Companion to the Ancient Near East Chapter Twenty-One Edited by Daniel C. Snell. UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. google scholar
  • Strand, E. A. (2014). Sheep, Wool, and Textile Production. An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Complexity of Wool Working. Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East and the Aegean. Ancient Textile Series Vol. 17. United Kingdom: Oxbow Books. google scholar
  • Sturtevant, E. H. (1927). A Hittite Tablet in the Yale Babylonian Collection. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, LVIII, 5-31. google scholar
  • Turgut, M. (2018). Hitit Dini Ritüellerinde Kullanılan Objeler. (Doktora Tezi). Selçuk Üniversitesi, Konya. google scholar

Atıflar

Biçimlendirilmiş bir atıfı kopyalayıp yapıştırın veya seçtiğiniz biçimde dışa aktarmak için seçeneklerden birini kullanın


DIŞA AKTAR



APA

Dilek, Y., & Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu, P. (2022). Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals. İstanbul Antropoloji Dergisi, 0(2), 61-68. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1183927


AMA

Dilek Y, Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu P. Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals. İstanbul Antropoloji Dergisi. 2022;0(2):61-68. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1183927


ABNT

Dilek, Y.; Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu, P. Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals. İstanbul Antropoloji Dergisi, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 2, p. 61-68, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Dilek, Yeşim, and Pınar Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu. 2022. “Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals.” İstanbul Antropoloji Dergisi 0, no. 2: 61-68. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1183927


Chicago: Humanities Style

Dilek, Yeşim, and Pınar Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu. Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals.” İstanbul Antropoloji Dergisi 0, no. 2 (Jul. 2024): 61-68. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1183927


Harvard: Australian Style

Dilek, Y & Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu, P 2022, 'Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals', İstanbul Antropoloji Dergisi, vol. 0, no. 2, pp. 61-68, viewed 24 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1183927


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Dilek, Y. and Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu, P. (2022) ‘Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals’, İstanbul Antropoloji Dergisi, 0(2), pp. 61-68. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1183927 (24 Jul. 2024).


MLA

Dilek, Yeşim, and Pınar Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu. Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals.” İstanbul Antropoloji Dergisi, vol. 0, no. 2, 2022, pp. 61-68. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1183927


Vancouver

Dilek Y, Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu P. Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals. İstanbul Antropoloji Dergisi [Internet]. 24 Jul. 2024 [cited 24 Jul. 2024];0(2):61-68. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1183927 doi: 10.26650/IAR2022-1183927


ISNAD

Dilek, Yeşim - Gözlük Kırmızıoğlu, Pınar. Varicolored Wool in Ancient Treatment Rituals”. İstanbul Antropoloji Dergisi 0/2 (Jul. 2024): 61-68. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1183927



ZAMAN ÇİZELGESİ


Gönderim08.10.2022
Kabul27.10.2022
Çevrimiçi Yayınlanma13.12.2022

LİSANS


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


PAYLAŞ




İstanbul Üniversitesi Yayınları, uluslararası yayıncılık standartları ve etiğine uygun olarak, yüksek kalitede bilimsel dergi ve kitapların yayınlanmasıyla giderek artan bilimsel bilginin yayılmasına katkıda bulunmayı amaçlamaktadır. İstanbul Üniversitesi Yayınları açık erişimli, ticari olmayan, bilimsel yayıncılığı takip etmektedir.