DOI :10.26650/B/SS10ET27.2024.008.05   IUP :10.26650/B/SS10ET27.2024.008.05    Full Text (PDF)

The Green Economy Policy and Development: The Effects of Development on Green Economy

Aytuğ Zekeriya Bolcan

This research aims to elucidate the correlation between the Hu- man Development Index (HDI) and the intensity of green policy adoption across 38 countries, using data from the Green Economy Tracker. Through Ordinal Logistic Regression, the study found that countries with higher HDI scores tend to exhibit lower green policy intensity. Conversely, life expectancy at birth and mean years of schooling were positively associated with green policy intensity. The findings hint that developed nations might have embedded green policies into their systems or may exhibit complacency, thereby lacking urgency in adopting new policies. The study also underscores the importance of environmental education and the intertwined nature of public health and environmental sustainability. While this research provides valuable insights into the interplay between sustainability and development, it acknowledges inherent limitations such as the cross-sectional nature of data and potential subjectivity in policy implementation.


  • Baltagi, Badi H. 2008. Econometric Analysis of Panel Data. . 4 ed., Chich- ester:John Wiley & Sons. google scholar
  • Bennett, Colin J, and Michael Howlett. 1992. “The Lessons of Learning: Reconciling Theories of Policy Lear-ning and Policy Change.” Policy Sciences, 25(3): 275-294. google scholar
  • Bowen, Alex. 2012. “‘Green’ Growth, ‘Green’ Jobs and Labor Markets.” google scholar
  • Costanza, Robert, Ida Kubiszewski, Enrico Giovannini, Hunter Lovins, Jacqueline McGlade, Kate E Pickett, Krist'ın Vala Ragnarsd'ottir, Debra Roberts, Roberto De Vogli, and Richard Wilkinson. 2014. “Develop-ment: Time To Leave GDP Behind.” Nature, 505(7483): 283-285. google scholar
  • Daly, Herman E. 1997. Beyond Growth: The Economics of Sustainable Development. . New edition ed., Beacon Press. google scholar
  • GreenEconomyCoalition. n.d.. “Methodology.” google scholar
  •, Accessed: 2023-8-25. google scholar
  • Hsiao, Cheng. 2003. Analysis of Panel Data. Vol. 82, Cambridge:Cambridge University Press. google scholar
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 2019. OECD Economic Outlook, Volume 2019 Issue 1: Preliminary version. OECD economic outlook, OECD. google scholar
  • Robinson, W S. 2009. “Ecological Correlations and The Behavior Of Individuals.” International Journal of Epidemiology, 38(2): 337-341. google scholar
  • Stern, Nicholas Herbert. 2007. The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review. Cambridge University Press. google scholar
  • Stiglitz, Joseph E, Amartya Sen, and Jean Paul Fitoussi. 2009. “Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress.” Paris:Commission on the Measurement of Economic Per-formance and Social Progress. google scholar
  • Theakston, Frank, ed. 2013. Health and environment: communicating the risks. Copenhagen:WHO Regional Office for Europe. google scholar
  • Tilbury, Daniella. 1995. “Environmental Education For Sustainability: Defining The New Focus Of Environ-mental Education In The 1990s.” Environmental Education Research, 1(2): 195-212. google scholar
  • Tilman, David, Kenneth G Cassman, Pamela A Matson, Rosamond Naylor, and Stephen Polasky. 2002. “Agri-cultural Sustainability and Intensive Production Practices.” Nature, 418(6898): 671-677. google scholar
  • UNDP. 2019. Human Development Report 2019: Beyond Income, Beyond Averages, Beyond Today: Inequalities In Human Development In The 21st Century. New York:United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). google scholar
  • UNEP. 2011. Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication. United Nations Environment Programme. google scholar
  • UNESCO. 2005. United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (2005-2014) Framework for the International Implementation Scheme. Paris:The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO. google scholar
  • United Nations (UN). 2015. Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. New York, NY, USA:United Nations. google scholar
  • Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. 2015. Introductory Econometrics: A Modern Approach - Standalone Book Sixth Edition. . 6 ed., Boston:Cengage Learning. google scholar


Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.