The COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Economic, Social, and Political Impacts
The Covid-19 Pandemic and the Digital Transformation in Turkish Higher Education: an Evaluation From the Perspective of Industry 4.0 And Society 5.0Metin Toprak, Yüksel Bayraktar, Ayfer Özyılmaz
Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, all Turkish universities switched to an online education system in the spring semester of 2019–2020 following the decision of the Council of Higher Education (CoHE). With the participation of the President of the CoHE, the Interuniversity Board meeting was held on May 14, 2020, and following the discussions that took place, university senates decided that the 2020–2021 fall term could be continued online, as is happening in some universities in developed countries. In fact, distance education programs for associate, bachelor’s, and master’s degrees have already been provided at some universities in Turkey. In this study, a model compatible with the new generation digital university concept has been developed, the digital readiness of universities has been evaluated through web pages (4.1 out of 10 points), a digitalization index has been developed, and a digital university road map has been proposed.