Research Article


DOI :10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491   IUP :10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491    Full Text (PDF)

River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents

Sezer Seçer Fidan

Ordeal practice, which has an important place in the Laws of the Ancient Near East, can be defined as the act of judging. However, such trials were carried out to understand whether a crime had indeed been perpetrated by a certain person rather than to pass judgement on that person. The reason this act is known as the river ordeal is that rivers and River Gods played the dominant role in it. The practice of river ordeals is mentioned in important law texts, such as the Ur-Nammu Laws, the ana ittišu series, as well as the Code of Hammurabi. It can also be seen in certain texts from the Assyrian and Babylonian periods as well as in some from Nuzi, Ugarit, and Elam. Hittite laws do not mention the river ordeal. However, thanks to some letters or royal instructions, we understand that this practice was indeed used by the Hittites as well. This paper aims to examine the Hittite written sources which can be related to the river ordeal.


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APA

Seçer Fidan, S. (2023). River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents. Anatolian Research, 0(28), 73-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491


AMA

Seçer Fidan S. River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents. Anatolian Research. 2023;0(28):73-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491


ABNT

Seçer Fidan, S. River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents. Anatolian Research, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 28, p. 73-84, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Seçer Fidan, Sezer,. 2023. “River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents.” Anatolian Research 0, no. 28: 73-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491


Chicago: Humanities Style

Seçer Fidan, Sezer,. River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents.” Anatolian Research 0, no. 28 (Jun. 2024): 73-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491


Harvard: Australian Style

Seçer Fidan, S 2023, 'River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents', Anatolian Research, vol. 0, no. 28, pp. 73-84, viewed 22 Jun. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Seçer Fidan, S. (2023) ‘River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents’, Anatolian Research, 0(28), pp. 73-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491 (22 Jun. 2024).


MLA

Seçer Fidan, Sezer,. River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents.” Anatolian Research, vol. 0, no. 28, 2023, pp. 73-84. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491


Vancouver

Seçer Fidan S. River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents. Anatolian Research [Internet]. 22 Jun. 2024 [cited 22 Jun. 2024];0(28):73-84. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491 doi: 10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491


ISNAD

Seçer Fidan, Sezer. River Ordeal in Hittite Written Documents”. Anatolian Research 0/28 (Jun. 2024): 73-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/anar.2023.28.1239491



TIMELINE


Submitted19.01.2023
Accepted12.03.2023
Published Online17.07.2023

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