Research Article


DOI :10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016   IUP :10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016    Full Text (PDF)

The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran

Ashkan Rahmani RahmaniMajid Reza Moghanipoor

Zilu is a kind of hand woven which is woven in three regions of Iran, Caucasus, and Anatolia. Zilu weaving of each area has its own characteristics in terms of the type of structure, design, color, raw materials used. Zilu is woven on the vertical wooden loom. zilu weaving in Anatolia and the Caucasus belong to the nomadic community and the village while the zilu weaving of Iran is only woven by groups that inhabit Iran’s desert cities such as Meybod, Yazd and Kashan. The raw material used in Iran’s zilu is entirely of cotton yarn, often in two colors. Zilu with blue-white color is common and the oldest zilu. The weaving structure of Iran’s zilu is one of the most complex weavings among flat weaves. In Anatolian and Caucasian zilu, in addition to the warp and ground weft, the pattern weft is also used. In Anatolia, the pattern weft runs over and below certain warps that do not change to the end of the weaving. In the zilu weaving of the Caucasus, pattern weft wrapped around the warps. In Anatolia, with the technique of zilu, in addition of the floor covering, storage weaving like saddlebags, sacks, and bags are also woven. The motifs used in the zilu are entirely geometric and abstract, and only in the zilues of the Caucasus (Baku), there are motifs of birds and animals.

DOI :10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016   IUP :10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016    Full Text (PDF)

Anadolu, Kafkasya ve İran’da Zili Dokuma Tekniği

Ashkan Rahmani RahmaniMajid Reza Moghanipoor

Zili bir el dokuması olarak üç bölgede; İran, Kafkasya ve Anadolu’da dokunmaktadır. Her bölgenin zili dokuma yapısı, tasarımı, rengi, kullanılan hammadde açısından kendi özelliklerine sahiptir. Zili ahşaptan yapılmış dikey tezgahlarda dokunmaktadır. Anadolu ve Kafkasya’daki zili dokuma göçebe topluluk ve köye ait olurken İran’ın zili dokuması sadece Meybod, Yazd ve Kaşan gibi İran’ın çöl kentlerinde yaşayan gruplar tarafından dokunmaktadır. İran’ın zili’sinde kullanılan hammadde tamamen pamuk ipliğidir, çoğunlukla iki renktir. Mavi-beyaz rengi olan zili, en eski ve yaygın zilidir. İran’ın zili dokuma tekniği, düz dokumalar arasında en karmaşık dokumalardan biridir. Anadolu ve Kafkasya zililerinde, desen atkısı üçüncü iplik olarak kullanılır. Anadolu’da desen atkıları, dokumanın sonuna kadar değişmeyecek şekilde belli çözgülerin üzerinden ve altından geçer. Kafkasya’nın zili dokumasında desen atkısı çözgülere sarılarak dokunur. Anadolu’da, zili tekniği ile yer yaygısı yanı sıra, heybeler, çuvallar ve torbalar gibi dokuma da dokunmaktadır. Zili’de kullanılan motifler tamamen geometrik ve soyuttur ve yalnızca Kafkasya’nın Bakü zililerinde, kuş ve hayvan figürları da gözlenmektedir.


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APA

Rahmani, A., & Moghanipoor, M. (2019). The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran. Art-Sanat, 0(11), 339-363. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016


AMA

Rahmani A, Moghanipoor M. The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran. Art-Sanat. 2019;0(11):339-363. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016


ABNT

Rahmani, A.; Moghanipoor, M. The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran. Art-Sanat, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 11, p. 339-363, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Rahmani, Ashkan Rahmani, and Majid Reza Moghanipoor. 2019. “The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran.” Art-Sanat 0, no. 11: 339-363. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016


Chicago: Humanities Style

Rahmani, Ashkan Rahmani, and Majid Reza Moghanipoor. The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran.” Art-Sanat 0, no. 11 (Feb. 2023): 339-363. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016


Harvard: Australian Style

Rahmani, A & Moghanipoor, M 2019, 'The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran', Art-Sanat, vol. 0, no. 11, pp. 339-363, viewed 4 Feb. 2023, https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Rahmani, A. and Moghanipoor, M. (2019) ‘The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran’, Art-Sanat, 0(11), pp. 339-363. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016 (4 Feb. 2023).


MLA

Rahmani, Ashkan Rahmani, and Majid Reza Moghanipoor. The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran.” Art-Sanat, vol. 0, no. 11, 2019, pp. 339-363. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016


Vancouver

Rahmani A, Moghanipoor M. The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran. Art-Sanat [Internet]. 4 Feb. 2023 [cited 4 Feb. 2023];0(11):339-363. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016 doi: 10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016


ISNAD

Rahmani, Ashkan Rahmani - Moghanipoor, Majid Reza. The Technique of Zilu Weaving in Anatolia, Caucasus and Iran”. Art-Sanat 0/11 (Feb. 2023): 339-363. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0016



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Submitted05.05.2018
Accepted31.12.2018

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