Review Article

DOI :10.26650/ASE20231252136   IUP :10.26650/ASE20231252136    Full Text (PDF)

Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture

Muhammad Hanif AzharDevrim Memiş

Aquaculture activities that have been carried out intensively for several decades have made this sector grow rapidly compared to other food sectors. However, intensive activities have negative impacts, one of which is on the environment. To respond to these problems, aquaculture activities have now focused on environmentally friendly aquaculture by implementing various ecosystem-based cultivation systems and improving aquaculture management based on the principle of sustainable aquaculture. The IMTA (Integrated Multi-trophic Aquaculture) system is a cultivation system that uses species with different trophic levels to reuse wasted nutrients to be used as biomass. Currently, the IMTA system has begun to be developed in various countries in fresh, brackish, and marine water cultivation with multiple approaches according to environmental, social, and economic conditions. This review study discusses different IMTA systems and their applications.

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Azhar, M.H., & Memiş, D. (2023). Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 38(2), 106-121.


Azhar M H, Memiş D. Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering. 2023;38(2):106-121.


Azhar, M.H.; Memiş, D. Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, [Publisher Location], v. 38, n. 2, p. 106-121, 2023.

Chicago: Author-Date Style

Azhar, Muhammad Hanif, and Devrim Memiş. 2023. “Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 38, no. 2: 106-121.

Chicago: Humanities Style

Azhar, Muhammad Hanif, and Devrim Memiş. Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 38, no. 2 (Sep. 2023): 106-121.

Harvard: Australian Style

Azhar, MH & Memiş, D 2023, 'Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture', Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 106-121, viewed 23 Sep. 2023,

Harvard: Author-Date Style

Azhar, M.H. and Memiş, D. (2023) ‘Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture’, Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 38(2), pp. 106-121. (23 Sep. 2023).


Azhar, Muhammad Hanif, and Devrim Memiş. Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 38, no. 2, 2023, pp. 106-121. [Database Container],


Azhar MH, Memiş D. Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering [Internet]. 23 Sep. 2023 [cited 23 Sep. 2023];38(2):106-121. Available from: doi: 10.26650/ASE20231252136


Azhar, MuhammadHanif - Memiş, Devrim. Application of the IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) System in Freshwater, Brackish and Marine Aquaculture”. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 38/2 (Sep. 2023): 106-121.


Published Online05.05.2023


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