Research Article


DOI :10.26650/ASE20221195255   IUP :10.26650/ASE20221195255    Full Text (PDF)

Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye

Deniz Mercan

Benthic macroinvertebrate groups, which have adapted to life in a wide variety of aquatic habitats from fresh to saltwater, are often used as bioindicators to determine the status of aquatic ecosys-tems. Streams and lakes face the dangers of pollution due to anthropogenic impact, especially due to recreational uses. So far, a total of 262 protected nature parks have been declared in Türkiye, one of which is Lake Limni, the area under study. Lake Limni is located in the province of Gümüşhane in the Eastern Black Sea Basin. No studies were previously conducted to determine the macroinvertebrate fauna in the lake. To fill this gap, sampling was carried out from 2 stations in 2020 to determine the macroinvertebrate fauna of the lake. As a result of laboratory studies, 25 species belonging to 18 genera were identified. It was determined that the zoobenthic community of the lake consisted of Clitellata and Chironomidae individuals and that the dominant taxon of the lake was Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri from Oligochaeta with 14.71% dominancy. The high population density of Oligochaeta and Chironomidae individuals in the study area and the low species diversity indicate poor water quality. It is also possible to say that the water quality of Lake Limni has changed from eutrophic to hypereutrophic.


PDF View

References

  • Anonym. (1999). Çevre durum raporu.Trabzon: Trabzon İl Çevre Müdürlüğü, 206 pp. google scholar
  • AQEM Consortium. (2002). Manual for the Application of the AQEM System. A Comprehensive Method to Assess European Streams Using Benthic Macroinvertebrates, Developed for the Purpose of the Water Framework Directive. Version 1.0. google scholar
  • Bat, L., Akbulut, M., Çulha, M. & Sezgin, M. (2000). The macrobenthic fauna of Sırakaraağaçlar Stream flowing into the Black Sea at Akliman, Sinop. Journal of Black Sea / Mediterranean Environment, 6(1), 7186. google scholar
  • Bellan-Santini, D. (1969). Contribution a letude des peuplement inflraliltorase Sur Substrat rocheuse (Etude qualitative et. quantative de la franch Superiore). Recherche, France, 63(47), 9-284. google scholar
  • Birinci, S., Zaman, M. & Bulut, İ. (2016). Limni Gölü tabiat parkının (Gümüşhane) rekreasyon potansiyeli. Journal of International Social Research, 9(46), 285-294. google scholar
  • Bode, R. W., Novak, M.A. & Abele, L.E. (1996). Quality assurance work plan for biological stream monitoring in New York State. Albany: NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, 89p. google scholar
  • Brinkhurst, R. O. & Jamieson, B. G. M. (1971). Aquatic Oligochaeta of the World. Canada: University of Toronto Publication. google scholar
  • Cesar, D. A. S. & Henry, R. (2017). Is similar the distribution of Chironomidae (Diptera) and Oligochaeta (Annelida, Clitellata) in a river and a lateral fluvial area? Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia, 29, e6. google scholar
  • Chapman, M. G., Tolhurst, T. J., Murphy, R. & Underwood, A. J. (2010). Complex and inconsistent patterns of variation in benthos, microalgae and sediment over multiple spatial scales. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 398, 33-47. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/ meps08328. google scholar
  • Çalık, İ. & Pir, B. (2019). Korunan alanların sürdürülebilir turizm kapsamında değerlendirilmesi: Gümüşhane Limni Gölü Tabiat Parkı örneği. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Elektronik Dergisi, 10(EkSayı), 159-169. google scholar
  • Davis, R. J. (1982). New records of aquatic Oligochaeta from Texas, with observations on their ecological characteristics. Hydrobiologia, 96, 15-29. google scholar
  • Dumnicka, E. (1978). Communities of oligochaetes (Oligochaeta) of the River Nida and its tributaries. Acta Hyrobiol. 20, 117-141. google scholar
  • Epler, J. H. (1995). Identification manual for the larval Chironomidae (Diptera) of Florida, Revised edition. USA: Department of Environmental Protection of Florida. google scholar
  • Furse, M., Hering, D., Moog, O., Verdonschot, P., Johnson, R. K., Brabec, K., Gritzalis, K., Buffagni, A., Pinto, P., Friberg, N., Murraybligh, J., Kokes, J., Alber, R., Ussegliopolatera, P., Haase, P., Sweeting, R., Bis, B., Szoszkiewicz, K., Soszka, H., Springe, G., Sporka, F. & Krno, I. (2006). The STAR project: context, objectives and approaches. Hydrobiologia, 566(1), 3-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-006-0067-6. google scholar
  • Gümüşhane Çevre ve Şehircilik İl Müdürlüğü. (2020). Gümüşhane ili 2019 yılı Çevre Durum Raporu. google scholar
  • Hammer 0., Harper, D.A.T. & Ryan P.D. (2001). PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica. 4 (1), 9 pp. google scholar
  • Hirabayashi, K. & Hayashi, H. (1994). Horizontal distribution of benthic macro invertebrates in Lake Kizaki. Japanese Journal of Limnology, 55(2), 105-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.3739/rikusui.55.105. google scholar
  • ISO 10870:2012. Water quality-Guidelines for the selection of sampling methods and devices for benthic macroinvertebrates in fresh waters. google scholar
  • Jesús-Crespo, R. & Ramírez, A. (2011). Effects of urbanization on stream physicochemistry and macroinvertebrate assemblages in a tropical urban watershed in Puerto Rico. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 30(3), 739-750. http://dx.doi.org/10.1899/10-081.1. google scholar
  • Kathman, R. D. & Brinkhurst, R.O. (1998). Guide to the Freshwater Oligochaetes of North America. New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission through Grant Number 0240-006. 264p. google scholar
  • Langdon, P. G. R., Broderson, Z. K. P. & Foster, D. L. (2006). Assessing lake eutrophication using chironomids:Understanding the nature of community response in different lake types. Freshwater Biology, 51, 562-577. google scholar
  • Mandaville, S. M. (2002) Benthic macroinvertebrates in freshwaters-Taxa Tolerance Values, Metrics, and Protocols. Project H-1, Soil & Water Conservation Society of Metro Halifax. google scholar
  • Milbrink, G. (1980). Oligochaete communities in pollution biology: the European situation with special reference to lakes in Scandinavia. In Brinkhurst, R. O. & Cook, D. G. (Eds.), Aquatic Oligochaete biology (pp. 17-43). NY: Plenum Publishing Corporation. google scholar
  • Murtagh, F. & Legendre, P. (2014). Ward’s hierarchical agglomerative clustering method: which algorithms implement Ward’s criterion?, Journal of Classification, 31(3), 274-295. google scholar
  • Nilsson, A. (1996). Aquatic insects of Europe. 1. A taxonomic handbook. Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books. google scholar
  • Pearson, T. H. & Rosenberg, R. (2006). Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of marine environment. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 16, 229-311. google scholar
  • Pinder, L. C. V. & Reiss, F. (1983). The larvae of Chironomidae (Diptera: Chironomidae) of the holarctic region, Keys and diagnoses. Entomologica Scandinavica Supplementum, 19, 293-435. google scholar
  • Rosenberg, D. M. & Resh, V. H. (1993). Introduction to freshwater biomonitoring and benthic macroinvertebrates. Chapman and Hall, New York, p. 488. google scholar
  • Sanseverino, A. M. & Nessimian, J. L. (2001). Hábitats de larvas de Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) em riachos de Mata Atlântica no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia, 13, 29-38. google scholar
  • Schwank Von, P. (1982). Turbellarien, Oligochaeten und Archianneliden des Breitenbachs und anderer oberhessischer Mittelgebirgsbäche. III. Die Taxozönosen der Turbellarien und Oligochaeten in Fließgewässern - eine synökologische Gliederung. Archiv für Hydrobiologie/Supplementum 62, 191-253. google scholar
  • Sharma, S. (1996). Applied Multivariate Techniques. NewYork: John Wiley and Sons. google scholar
  • Singh, V. P., Mishra, A. K., Chowdhary, H. & Khedun, C. P. (2014). Handbook of Environmental Engineering. Modern Water Resources Engineering, 15. google scholar
  • Şahin, B. (2008). Species composition and diversity of epipelic algae in Limni Lake (Gümüşhane, Turkey). Acta Botanica Hungarica, 50(3-4), 397-405. google scholar
  • Thorp, J. H. & Rogers, D. C. (2019). Volume IV: Keys to Palaearctic Fauna Thorp and Covich’s Freshwater invertebrates (4th ed., pp. 357-518), MA, USA: Academic Press, Elsevier, Waltham. google scholar
  • Timm, T. & Veldhuijzen van Zanten, H. H. (2003). Freshwater Oligochaeta of North-West Europe. Expert-Center for Taxonomic Identification. google scholar
  • Timm, T. (1970). On the fauna of the Estonian Oligochaeta. Pedobiologia, 10, 52-78. google scholar
  • Timm, T. (2009). A guide to the freshwater Oligochaeta and Polychaeta of Northern and Central Europe. Lauterbornia, 66, 2009, 235 p. google scholar
  • Tozkoporan, U., Atayeter, Y. & Yayla, O. (2020). Altınpınar (Limni) Gölü ve yakın çevresinin rekreasyon potansiyelinin belirlenmesine yönelik bir yöntem uygulaması. Doğu Coğrafya Dergisi, 25(44), 61-84. google scholar
  • Türkmen, G. & Kazancı, N. (2010). Applications of various biodiversity indices to benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages in streams of a national park in Turkey. Review of Hydrobiology, 3(2), 111-125. google scholar
  • Wang, B., Liu, D., Liu, S., Zhang, Y., Lu, D. & Wang, L. (2012). Impacts of urbanization on stream habitats and macroinvertebrate communities in the tributaries of Qiangtang River, China. Hydrobiologia, 680(1), 39-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-011-0899-6. google scholar
  • Wetzel, M. J., Kathman, R. D., Fend, S. V. & Coates, K. A. (2000). Taxonomy, systematics, and ecology of freshwater Oligochaeta. In: Workbook prepared for North American Benthological Society Technical Information Workshop, 48th Annual Meeting, Keystone Resort, CO., 120 pp. google scholar
  • Xu, R. & Wunsch II, D. C. (2009). Clustering. Hoboken, New Jersey: A John Wiley and Sons, Inc. google scholar
  • Yaqoob, K. U. & Pandit, A. K. (2009). Distribution and abundance of macrozoobenthos in Dal lake of Kashmir. Journal of Research Development, 9, 20-29. google scholar
  • Yeşil, P. & Hacıoğlu, V. (2018). Limni Gölü Tabiat Parkı peyzaj değerlerinin rekreasyonel açıdan değerlendirilmesi. Türk Tarım-Gıda Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 6(6), 680-688. google scholar

Citations

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


EXPORT



APA

Mercan, D. (2023). Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 38(1), 6-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20221195255


AMA

Mercan D. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering. 2023;38(1):6-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20221195255


ABNT

Mercan, D. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, [Publisher Location], v. 38, n. 1, p. 6-11, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Mercan, Deniz,. 2023. “Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 38, no. 1: 6-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20221195255


Chicago: Humanities Style

Mercan, Deniz,. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 38, no. 1 (Jan. 2023): 6-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20221195255


Harvard: Australian Style

Mercan, D 2023, 'Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye', Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 6-11, viewed 27 Jan. 2023, https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20221195255


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Mercan, D. (2023) ‘Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye’, Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 38(1), pp. 6-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20221195255 (27 Jan. 2023).


MLA

Mercan, Deniz,. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 38, no. 1, 2023, pp. 6-11. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20221195255


Vancouver

Mercan D. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering [Internet]. 27 Jan. 2023 [cited 27 Jan. 2023];38(1):6-11. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20221195255 doi: 10.26650/ASE20221195255


ISNAD

Mercan, Deniz. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna (Clitellata and Chironomidae) of Lake Limni, Gümüşhane, Turkiye”. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 38/1 (Jan. 2023): 6-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20221195255



TIMELINE


Submitted27.10.2022
Accepted22.12.2022
Published Online10.01.2023

LICENCE


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


SHARE




Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.