Research Article


DOI :10.26650/ASE2020790717   IUP :10.26650/ASE2020790717    Full Text (PDF)

Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey)

Okan YelerMenekşe Taş DivrikBelgin Çamur Elipek

Freshwater resources are used for many purposes such as drinking, tap water, industrial usage and agricultural irrigation. Although unpolluted surface waters and groundwater are preferred for the irrigation of landscape plants in parks and gardens, snowmelt water is generally ignored. Like other precipitation types, snow can absorb solid and liquid substances in the atmosphere and it can rain on the earth with its natural chemical structure changed. Also, this water from snowmelt which includes different chemicals can enter surface waters and groundwater resources. In this study, the snowmelt water quality in outdoor green areas of the Van Province was examined. Some physico-chemical features (pH, conductivity, salinity, Ca, Mg, total hardness, Cl, NO3 -N, NO2 -N, SO4 , and PO4 ) of the snow samples were taken at monthly intervals from six sampling stations between the dates of December 2019 - February 2020. Also, metal ion concentrations (Cd, Pb, As, Cu, Cr, Co, Ni, Zn, Fe, Mn, B, Se, Ba, Al, Na, Be, V, Mo, Si, K, Sr, Ag, Sb, Tl) and the values of SAR (Sodium Adsorption Ratio) and Na% in some sampling stations, which have intense industrial and settlements located in the area, were determined to evaluate the water quality level of the snowmelt water. While, it was observed that some parameters values exceeded the first quality level when compared with the quality levels of the surface water resources control regulation of Turkey and the rates in irrigation water quality values, a general evaluation of the results showed that snowmelt can be alternative irrigation water for plants. Also, the species of the landscape plants in the studied area were identified and the possible effects of the parameters on the development of the plants were discussed.


PDF View

References

  • Alp, Ş. (1999). Van kenti yeşil dokusuna yönelik bazı ağaç ve çalıların saptanması üzerine bir araştırma. Van Yüzüncü Yıl University PhD Thesis. google scholar
  • Anke, M. & Seifert, M. (2007). The biological and toxicological importance of molybdenum in the environment and in the nutrition of plants, animals and man. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 58(3), 311-324. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Anonymous (2004). Su Kirliliği Kontrol Yönetmeliği, Official Gazette No: 25687 of 31 December, Ankara. Retrieved from http://www.mevzuat .gov.tr (accessed 10.03.2020). google scholar
  • Anonymous (2010). Atıksu Arıtma Tesisleri Teknik Usuller Tebliği. TC. Çevre ve Orman Bakanlığı. Retrieved from http://www.resmigazete. gov.tr/eskiler/2010/03/20100320-7.Htm. (accessed 10.03.2020). google scholar
  • Arslan, H., Güler, M., Cemek, B. & Demir, Y. (2007). Bafra Ovası yeraltı suyu kalitesinin sulama açısından değerlendirilmesi. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 4(2), 219-226. google scholar
  • Aydın, F. (2017). Van Çaldıran ovası yüzey sularının içme ve sulama suyu açısından incelenmesi. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, 7(3), 171-179. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Ayers, R. S. & Westcot, D. W. (1985). Water quality for agriculture. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, Rome. ISBN 92-5-102263-1 google scholar
  • Cooper, E. J., Dullinger, S., & Semenchuk, P. (2011). Late snowmelt delays plant development and results in lower reproductive success in the High Arctic. Plant Science, 180, 157-167. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Demirkuş, N. (2019). The virtual herbarium of Lake Van Basin. Retrieved from http://Vanherbaryum.Yyu.Edu.Tr/İngindex.Htm (accessed 10.01.2020). google scholar
  • Erdoğan, N. & Dağdelen, E. (2012). Sulama Suyu Kalitesi. Retrieved from File:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/XP/Belgelerim/ Downloads/Sulamasuyukalitesi-Son%20(1).pdf. (accessed 10.03.2020). google scholar
  • FAO (2007). Handbook On Pressurized İrrigation Techniques, Chapter 7: Water Quality For Irrigation, FAO, Rome, ISBN 978-92-5-105817-6 google scholar
  • Galeczka, I., Sigurdsson, G., Eiriksdottir, E. S., Oelkers, E. H. & Gislason, S. R. (2016). The chemical composition of rivers and snow affected by the 2014/2015 Bárðarbunga Eruption, Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 316, 101-119. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Hagen, A. & Langeland, A. (1973). Polluted snow in Southern Norway and the effect of the meltwater on freshwater and aquatic organisms. Environmental Pollution, 5, 45-57. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Horuz, A. (2016). Silisyumun bitki gelişimine olan etkileri. Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Dergisi, 6(2), 151-163. google scholar
  • Hussain, G., Alquwaizany, A. & Al-Zarah, A. (2010). Guidlines for irrigation water quality and water management in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An Overview. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(2), 79-96. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Jeffries, D. S. (1990). Snowpack storage of pollutants, release during melting, and impact on receiving waters. Acidic Precipitation, 4, 107-132. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Johannessen, M. & Henriksen, A. (1978). Chemistry of snow meltwater: changes in concentration during melting. Water Resources Research, 14(4), 615-619. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • McAleece, N., Gage, J. D. G., Lambshead, P. J. D. & Paterson, G. L. J. (1997). Biodiversity Professional Statistic Analysis Software. Jointly Developed By The Scottish Association For Marine Science And The Natural History Museum London. Retrieved from https://www.sams. ac.uk/science/outputs/ (accessed 10.03.2020). google scholar
  • Özer, Ç. & Köklü, R. (2019). Aşağı Sakarya Nehri su kalitesinin sulama suyu açısından değerlendirilmesi. Çoruh Üniversitesi Doğal Afetler Uygulama ve Araştırma Dergisi, 5(2), 237-246. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Pehlivan, R. (2016). Sarma Deresi Havzasındaki yağışın ayrışma ve su kalitesine etkisi, Düzce, Türkiye. Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi, 40(1), 103-121. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Rixen, C., Freppaz, M., Stoeckli, V., Huovinen, C., Huovinen, K. & Wipf, S. (2008). Altered snow density and chemistry change soil nitrogen mineralization and plant growth. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 40(3), 568-575. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Seven, T., Can, B., Darende, B. N. & Ocak, S. (2018). Hava ve toprakta ağır metal kirliliği. Ulusal Çevre Bilimleri Araştırma Dergisi, 1(2), 91-103. google scholar
  • Siegel, D. I. (1981). The effect of snowmelt on the water quality of Filson Creek and Omaday Lake, Northeastern Minnesota. Water Resources Research, Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1029/WR017i001p00238. (accessed 10.03.2020). [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Smith, C. J., Oster, J. D. & Sposito, G. (2014). Potassium and Magnesium in irrigation water quality assessment. Agricultural Water Management, Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J. Agwat.2014.09.003. (accessed 10.03.2020). [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Toor, G. S. (2009). Book review: Turfgrass and landscape irrigation water quality - assessment and management. Journal of Environmental Quality, 38(6), 2478-2478. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Toor, G. S. & Lusk, M. (2011). Reclaimed water use in the landscape: understanding landscape irrigation water quality tests. University of Florida, IFAS Extension, SL341, 1-9. Retrieved from https://discover. pbcgov.org/coextension/horticulture/pdf/commercial/ Understanding_reclaimed_tests.pdf (accessed 10.03.2020). google scholar
  • Van Loon, C. J. (1980). Analytical Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Selected Methods. Academic Press, ISBN:978-0-12-714050-6. google scholar
  • Vuralın, A. & Müftüoğlu, N. M. (2012). Farklı dozlarda uygulanan molibdenin bakla (Vicia faba L.) bitkisinin azot içeriğine etkisi. Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 49(1), 53-62. google scholar
  • Welz, B. & Sperling, M. (1999). Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. Third Edition. WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH, ISBN:9783527285716 [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Yeler, O. & Yeler, T. S. (2019). Van ili ekolojik koşullarında kullanılması uygun bazı dış mekân süs bitkilerinin bitki gruplarına göre genel özellikleri, II. Int Sci and Acad Cong, Konya, Türkiye, 1(14), 133-145. google scholar
  • Yücedağ, C. & Kaya, L. G. (2016). Hava kirleticilerin bitkilere etkileri. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 7(1), 67-74. [CrossRef] google scholar

Citations

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


EXPORT



APA

Yeler, O., Taş Divrik, M., & Çamur Elipek, B. (2021). Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey). Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 36(2), 78-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020790717


AMA

Yeler O, Taş Divrik M, Çamur Elipek B. Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey). Aquatic Sciences and Engineering. 2021;36(2):78-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020790717


ABNT

Yeler, O.; Taş Divrik, M.; Çamur Elipek, B. Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey). Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, [Publisher Location], v. 36, n. 2, p. 78-84, 2021.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Yeler, Okan, and Menekşe Taş Divrik and Belgin Çamur Elipek. 2021. “Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey).” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 36, no. 2: 78-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020790717


Chicago: Humanities Style

Yeler, Okan, and Menekşe Taş Divrik and Belgin Çamur Elipek. Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey).” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 36, no. 2 (May. 2021): 78-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020790717


Harvard: Australian Style

Yeler, O & Taş Divrik, M & Çamur Elipek, B 2021, 'Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey)', Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 78-84, viewed 18 May. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020790717


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Yeler, O. and Taş Divrik, M. and Çamur Elipek, B. (2021) ‘Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey)’, Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 36(2), pp. 78-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020790717 (18 May. 2021).


MLA

Yeler, Okan, and Menekşe Taş Divrik and Belgin Çamur Elipek. Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey).” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 36, no. 2, 2021, pp. 78-84. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020790717


Vancouver

Yeler O, Taş Divrik M, Çamur Elipek B. Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey). Aquatic Sciences and Engineering [Internet]. 18 May. 2021 [cited 18 May. 2021];36(2):78-84. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020790717 doi: 10.26650/ASE2020790717


ISNAD

Yeler, Okan - Taş Divrik, Menekşe - Çamur Elipek, Belgin. Determination of Snowmelt Water Quality in Outdoor Green Areas: A Case Study at Van Province (Turkey)”. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 36/2 (May. 2021): 78-84. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020790717



TIMELINE


Submitted04.09.2020
Accepted18.10.2020
Published Online28.01.2021

LICENCE


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


SHARE




Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.