Research Article


DOI :10.26650/ASE2020679538   IUP :10.26650/ASE2020679538    Full Text (PDF)

The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics

Pelin Saliha Çiftçi TüretkenGülşen AltuğTurgay Öksüzoğlu

Plastic pollution in marine ecosystems is one of the most important study topics in recent years. The toxicity, mobility and long-term persistence characteristics of plastics create risk in ecosystems, biota and human health. In this study, the levels of heterotrophic bacteria attached to the surfaces of commonly used plastic types; polyvinylchloride (PVC), polyethylene (PE), and polypropylene (PP) were tested in a mechanical experimental system prepared with seawater under controlled conditions in laboratory. The seawater, which was used in the experimental system, was taken under aseptic conditions from the Golden Horn Estuary, located in the Istanbul region of Turkey. Three different types of plastic (PVC, PE and PP), in two different (glass slide (76x26 cm) and virgin micro pellets (5mm diameter) size, were placed in the experiment setup filled with seawater and incubated for 28 days at ambient temperature. At the end of 28 days, the counts of heterotrophic bacteria were tested using the spread plate technique on Marine Agar (Difco), in both plastic surfaces and surrounding seawater. The levels of heterotrophic bacteria were recorded to be lower in the seawater surrounding the micropellets and lam-size plastic samples. The seawater sample bacterial levels were recorded as 12x109 CFU/ml, at the start of the experiment. At the end of the 28th days, it was recorded to be 83x109 CFU/ml. The highest levels of heterotrophic bacteria were recorded as 41x1010 CFU /cm-2 and 61x1010 CFU /cm-2 on the lam-size surfaces and the micropellet surface of the polypropylene samples, respectively. In the experiments, the PP plastic type has been recorded as a more preferred plastic derivative by heterotrophic bacteria according to the PVC and PE plastic types, but there has been no significant difference in the bacterial adhesion rates on the surfaces. The study contributed increasing knowledge on the bacterial approach to microplastics types. However, there is a need for long term studies related to the mechanism of bacteria attached to microplastics.


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APA

Çiftçi Türetken, P.S., Altuğ, G., & Öksüzoğlu, T. (2020). The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 35(2), 31-35. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020679538


AMA

Çiftçi Türetken P S, Altuğ G, Öksüzoğlu T. The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering. 2020;35(2):31-35. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020679538


ABNT

Çiftçi Türetken, P.S.; Altuğ, G.; Öksüzoğlu, T. The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, [Publisher Location], v. 35, n. 2, p. 31-35, 2020.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Çiftçi Türetken, Pelin Saliha, and Gülşen Altuğ and Turgay Öksüzoğlu. 2020. “The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 35, no. 2: 31-35. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020679538


Chicago: Humanities Style

Çiftçi Türetken, Pelin Saliha, and Gülşen Altuğ and Turgay Öksüzoğlu. The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 35, no. 2 (Sep. 2021): 31-35. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020679538


Harvard: Australian Style

Çiftçi Türetken, PS & Altuğ, G & Öksüzoğlu, T 2020, 'The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics', Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 31-35, viewed 23 Sep. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020679538


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Çiftçi Türetken, P.S. and Altuğ, G. and Öksüzoğlu, T. (2020) ‘The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics’, Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 35(2), pp. 31-35. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020679538 (23 Sep. 2021).


MLA

Çiftçi Türetken, Pelin Saliha, and Gülşen Altuğ and Turgay Öksüzoğlu. The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 35, no. 2, 2020, pp. 31-35. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020679538


Vancouver

Çiftçi Türetken PS, Altuğ G, Öksüzoğlu T. The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering [Internet]. 23 Sep. 2021 [cited 23 Sep. 2021];35(2):31-35. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020679538 doi: 10.26650/ASE2020679538


ISNAD

Çiftçi Türetken, PelinSaliha - Altuğ, Gülşen - Öksüzoğlu, Turgay. The Levels of Plastic-associated Heterotrophic Bacteria on Three Different Types of Plastics”. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 35/2 (Sep. 2021): 31-35. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020679538



TIMELINE


Submitted21.06.2019
Accepted14.01.2020
Published Online13.03.2020

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