CURARE Journal of Nursing
The Validity and Reliability of the Perceived Maternal Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale: Turkish VersionMerve Tuncer, Ümran Yeşiltepe Oskay
Objective: Preterm birth can result in a situation where mothers feel less confident in newborn care skills due to being unprepared. They may also experience emotional shock, anxiety, and depression. Thus it is important to determine maternal parenting self-efficacy in order for the mothers to cope with the potential difficulties involved in preterm newborn care. The purpose of this psychometric study is to test the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Perceived Mother Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale. Materials and Methods: The study uses a psychometric approach. Online distribution of a questionnaire between the beginning of March and the end of May 2021 was applied. Data was collected from 105 mothers of preterm infants aged between 1-28 days. The original scale was translated into Turkish and content validity was evaluated. Explanatory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were tested in order to determine validity, and Cronbach’s α internal consistency coefficient, item‐total correlation, test‐retest analysis, and equivalent form analysis were tested to determine reliability. Results: The mean age of the participants was 32.29±5.33. The factor loads of the items were between 0.361 and 0.911. The Cronbach’s α, internal consistency coefficient was 0.891, and the test–retest reliability was 0.851 (p<0.001). A significant positive correlation between the Turkish version of the Perceived Maternal Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale and the Maternal Attachment Inventory (r=0.533, p<0.05) was found. Conclusion: The Turkish version of the Perceived Maternal Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale is a valid and reliable instrument to evaluate maternal parenting self-efficacy. Further studies are needed to measure the parenting self-efficacy levels of mothers with preterm infants.