Research Article


DOI :10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479   IUP :10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479    Full Text (PDF)

Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress

Mahmood GhojavandPorang KasraeiHamid Reza Tohidi MoghadamMohammad NasriHamid Reza Larijani

Objective: As a critical limitation of plant growing, drought stress has always received a lot of attention from botanical researchers. This study intends to investigate the role of salicylic acid and the Mycorrhiza and Azotobacter bio-fertilizer on Satureja hortensis L. under drought stress.

Materials and Methods: Salicylic acid and bio-fertilizers have been shown to improve drought tolerance in growing plants. To evaluate the synergistic effect of salicylic acid, Azotobacter chroococcum bacteria, and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under drought stress (-3.5 atm: W1), (- 6.5 atm: W2), and (-10 atm: W3), a 2-year (2016 to 2018) field experiment was organized based on split-plot factorial statistical in a randomized complete block design, with three replicates.

Results: The main findings of this study showed that the combinable use of bio-fertilizers and salicylic acid diminished the disadvantageous effects of drought stress. Co-application of bio- fertilizers and salicylic acid significantly increased chlorophyll a and b (22% and 31.5%), carotenoid (30.7%) contents, aerial fresh (38.3%) and dry (64.1%) weights, root fresh (55.8%), and dry (45%) weights, auxin (15%), percentage of essential oil (30.7%) in S. hortensis while it decreased the proline content (48.8%) under severe stress as compared to the control groups, which confirmed the efficacy of this approach and its role in drought tolerance.

Conclusion: The results demonstrated that this new suggested treatment could effectively alleviate drought stress symptoms and improve S. hortensis growth under spreading drought conditions and limited water resources.


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APA

Ghojavand, M., Kasraei, P., Moghadam, H.R., Nasri, M., & Larijani, H.R. (2023). Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress. European Journal of Biology, 82(1), 12-22. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479


AMA

Ghojavand M, Kasraei P, Moghadam H R, Nasri M, Larijani H R. Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress. European Journal of Biology. 2023;82(1):12-22. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479


ABNT

Ghojavand, M.; Kasraei, P.; Moghadam, H.R.; Nasri, M.; Larijani, H.R. Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress. European Journal of Biology, [Publisher Location], v. 82, n. 1, p. 12-22, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Ghojavand, Mahmood, and Porang Kasraei and Hamid Reza Tohidi Moghadam and Mohammad Nasri and Hamid Reza Larijani. 2023. “Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress.” European Journal of Biology 82, no. 1: 12-22. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479


Chicago: Humanities Style

Ghojavand, Mahmood, and Porang Kasraei and Hamid Reza Tohidi Moghadam and Mohammad Nasri and Hamid Reza Larijani. Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress.” European Journal of Biology 82, no. 1 (Mar. 2024): 12-22. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479


Harvard: Australian Style

Ghojavand, M & Kasraei, P & Moghadam, HR & Nasri, M & Larijani, HR 2023, 'Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress', European Journal of Biology, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 12-22, viewed 3 Mar. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Ghojavand, M. and Kasraei, P. and Moghadam, H.R. and Nasri, M. and Larijani, H.R. (2023) ‘Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress’, European Journal of Biology, 82(1), pp. 12-22. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479 (3 Mar. 2024).


MLA

Ghojavand, Mahmood, and Porang Kasraei and Hamid Reza Tohidi Moghadam and Mohammad Nasri and Hamid Reza Larijani. Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress.” European Journal of Biology, vol. 82, no. 1, 2023, pp. 12-22. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479


Vancouver

Ghojavand M, Kasraei P, Moghadam HR, Nasri M, Larijani HR. Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress. European Journal of Biology [Internet]. 3 Mar. 2024 [cited 3 Mar. 2024];82(1):12-22. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479 doi: 10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479


ISNAD

Ghojavand, Mahmood - Kasraei, Porang - Moghadam, HamidReza Tohidi - Nasri, Mohammad - Larijani, HamidReza. Effects of Salicylic Acid and Microorganisms on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics (Satureja hortensis L.) under Drought Stress”. European Journal of Biology 82/1 (Mar. 2024): 12-22. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1196479



TIMELINE


Submitted14.11.2022
Accepted05.04.2023
Published Online26.06.2023

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