Research Article


DOI :10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214   IUP :10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214    Full Text (PDF)

In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment

İlke MaşalacıYaren AkdoğanÖzge MutluHande EyvazYağmur Kiraz

Objective: Multiple myeloma is a hematologic malignancy in which targeting phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K) and/or the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) individually has been shown to have anti-proliferative effects, however, inhibiting both proteins simultaneously has been reported to have more effective results for its treatment. The aim of this study is to determine the molecular interactions and predicted inhibitory effects of 40 different dual inhibitors on mTOR, PI3Kδ, and PI3Kγ to propose potentially the most effective dual inhibitor that targets the PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ isoforms as well as the mTOR proteins since those isoforms are known to be predominant in multiple myeloma patients. Therefore, the focus in this study is built around the specific targeting of the PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ isoforms from the multiple myeloma perspective. Materials and Methods: In silico docking experiments were conducted to determine the binding energies for different ligands that target mTOR, PI3Kδ, and PI3Kγ. Protein-dual inhibitor complexes and the amino acids and bond types were visualized to identify molecular interactions. The absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion properties of dual inhibitors were analyzed and evaluated. Results: The binding affinity values were found to be between -7 and -9.9 kcal/mol. The toxicity prediction values of the selected dual inhibitors were obtained from the Pro-Tox-II web tool and classified according to the globally harmonized system of classification of labeling of chemicals. Conclusion: Correspondingly, among all dual inhibitors, Vistusertib is determined to be a promising compound against multiple myeloma cells by inhibiting both PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ as well as mTORC1/2.


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APA

Maşalacı, İ., Akdoğan, Y., Mutlu, Ö., Eyvaz, H., & Kiraz, Y. (2023). In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment. European Journal of Biology, 82(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214


AMA

Maşalacı İ, Akdoğan Y, Mutlu Ö, Eyvaz H, Kiraz Y. In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment. European Journal of Biology. 2023;82(1):1-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214


ABNT

Maşalacı, İ.; Akdoğan, Y.; Mutlu, Ö.; Eyvaz, H.; Kiraz, Y. In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment. European Journal of Biology, [Publisher Location], v. 82, n. 1, p. 1-11, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Maşalacı, İlke, and Yaren Akdoğan and Özge Mutlu and Hande Eyvaz and Yağmur Kiraz. 2023. “In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment.” European Journal of Biology 82, no. 1: 1-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214


Chicago: Humanities Style

Maşalacı, İlke, and Yaren Akdoğan and Özge Mutlu and Hande Eyvaz and Yağmur Kiraz. In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment.” European Journal of Biology 82, no. 1 (Mar. 2024): 1-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214


Harvard: Australian Style

Maşalacı, İ & Akdoğan, Y & Mutlu, Ö & Eyvaz, H & Kiraz, Y 2023, 'In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment', European Journal of Biology, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 1-11, viewed 1 Mar. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Maşalacı, İ. and Akdoğan, Y. and Mutlu, Ö. and Eyvaz, H. and Kiraz, Y. (2023) ‘In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment’, European Journal of Biology, 82(1), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214 (1 Mar. 2024).


MLA

Maşalacı, İlke, and Yaren Akdoğan and Özge Mutlu and Hande Eyvaz and Yağmur Kiraz. In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment.” European Journal of Biology, vol. 82, no. 1, 2023, pp. 1-11. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214


Vancouver

Maşalacı İ, Akdoğan Y, Mutlu Ö, Eyvaz H, Kiraz Y. In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment. European Journal of Biology [Internet]. 1 Mar. 2024 [cited 1 Mar. 2024];82(1):1-11. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214 doi: 10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214


ISNAD

Maşalacı, İlke - Akdoğan, Yaren - Mutlu, Özge - Eyvaz, Hande - Kiraz, Yağmur. In Silico Approach for Identification of PI3K/mTOR Dual Inhibitors for Multiple Myeloma Treatment”. European Journal of Biology 82/1 (Mar. 2024): 1-11. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1178214



TIMELINE


Submitted21.09.2022
Accepted17.03.2023
Published Online14.04.2023

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