Evaluation of gap formation for different adhesive agents in primary teeth with optical coherence tomographyDidem Sakaryalı Uyar, Leyla Asena, Resmiye Ebru Tirali
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate gap formation between the tooth surface and restorative material in terms of microleakage by using optical coherence tomography (OCT) for self-etch and selective-etch applications of two different universal and one self-etch adhesives.
Materials and Methods: Sixty non-caries, primary molar teeth were divided into six groups; self-etch and selective-etch application ways of two different universal and one self-etch adhesive systems (n:10). After Class-V cavities were prepared, every tooth was distributed randomly in groups to apply adhesion procedure and then, all cavities were restored with polyacid-modified composite resin. Microleakage was evaluated by measuring the gap between the tooth surface and restoration by a blind researcher with Image J Software from OCT images. During statistical analysis, the significance level was accepted as p<0.05.
Results: According to the statistical analysis of the measurements obtained by Image J Software, selective-etch groups showed less gap formation than self-etch groups for each tested adhesive (p<0.05), and self-etch adhesive without etching showed significantly highest gap formation among all groups (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Universal adhesives with a selective-etching step might be preferred over self-etch adhesives for long-lasting polyacid-modified composite resin restorations in primary teeth. However, obtained results should be considered with another prospective clinical study for long-term prognosis.