Research Article


DOI :10.26650/experimed.1403563   IUP :10.26650/experimed.1403563    Full Text (PDF)

Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy

Aida AdıkozalovaSebahat Usta AkgülErol DemirHayriye Şentürk ÇiftçiFatma Savran OğuzHalil YazıcıÇiğdem Kekik Çınar

Objective: Nephrotic syndrome is the most frequent cause of membranous nephropathy (MN) in adults. Growth differentiation factor (GDF)-15 is a cytokine released under stress and associated with increased incidence of chronic kidney disease and/or decreased renal function in conditions such as diabetic nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, lupus nephritis, and primary MN. The diagnosis of MN is made by biopsy, which is an invasive procedure. A non-invasive biomarker is needed for timely and risk-free diagnosis. This study aimed to estimate the GDF-15 level in patients with MN to determine if it can be used as a noninvasive biomarker for the diagnosis of MN.

Materials and Methods: The study included 88 patients with MN. Sera were obtained from peripheral blood collected from the patients. GDF-15 levels were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results: GDF-15 level was high in older patients that in younger patients. The glomerular filtration rate was low in patients with increased GDF-15 levels. Furthermore, a decrease in GDF-15 levels was observed in patients in remission.

Conclusion: GDF-15 level may be used as a biomarker to predict the progression of MN rather than a diagnostic biomarker.


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APA

Adıkozalova, A., Usta Akgül, S., Demir, E., Şentürk Çiftçi, H., Savran Oğuz, F., Yazıcı, H., & Kekik Çınar, Ç. (2024). Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy. Experimed, 14(1), 40-45. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.1403563


AMA

Adıkozalova A, Usta Akgül S, Demir E, Şentürk Çiftçi H, Savran Oğuz F, Yazıcı H, Kekik Çınar Ç. Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy. Experimed. 2024;14(1):40-45. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.1403563


ABNT

Adıkozalova, A.; Usta Akgül, S.; Demir, E.; Şentürk Çiftçi, H.; Savran Oğuz, F.; Yazıcı, H.; Kekik Çınar, Ç. Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy. Experimed, [Publisher Location], v. 14, n. 1, p. 40-45, 2024.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Adıkozalova, Aida, and Sebahat Usta Akgül and Erol Demir and Hayriye Şentürk Çiftçi and Fatma Savran Oğuz and Halil Yazıcı and Çiğdem Kekik Çınar. 2024. “Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy.” Experimed 14, no. 1: 40-45. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.1403563


Chicago: Humanities Style

Adıkozalova, Aida, and Sebahat Usta Akgül and Erol Demir and Hayriye Şentürk Çiftçi and Fatma Savran Oğuz and Halil Yazıcı and Çiğdem Kekik Çınar. Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy.” Experimed 14, no. 1 (May. 2024): 40-45. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.1403563


Harvard: Australian Style

Adıkozalova, A & Usta Akgül, S & Demir, E & Şentürk Çiftçi, H & Savran Oğuz, F & Yazıcı, H & Kekik Çınar, Ç 2024, 'Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy', Experimed, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 40-45, viewed 18 May. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.1403563


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Adıkozalova, A. and Usta Akgül, S. and Demir, E. and Şentürk Çiftçi, H. and Savran Oğuz, F. and Yazıcı, H. and Kekik Çınar, Ç. (2024) ‘Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy’, Experimed, 14(1), pp. 40-45. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.1403563 (18 May. 2024).


MLA

Adıkozalova, Aida, and Sebahat Usta Akgül and Erol Demir and Hayriye Şentürk Çiftçi and Fatma Savran Oğuz and Halil Yazıcı and Çiğdem Kekik Çınar. Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy.” Experimed, vol. 14, no. 1, 2024, pp. 40-45. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.1403563


Vancouver

Adıkozalova A, Usta Akgül S, Demir E, Şentürk Çiftçi H, Savran Oğuz F, Yazıcı H, Kekik Çınar Ç. Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy. Experimed [Internet]. 18 May. 2024 [cited 18 May. 2024];14(1):40-45. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.1403563 doi: 10.26650/experimed.1403563


ISNAD

Adıkozalova, Aida - Usta Akgül, Sebahat - Demir, Erol - Şentürk Çiftçi, Hayriye - Savran Oğuz, Fatma - Yazıcı, Halil - Kekik Çınar, Çiğdem. Effects of GDF-15 Level in Patients with Membranous Nephropathy”. Experimed 14/1 (May. 2024): 40-45. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.1403563



TIMELINE


Submitted13.12.2023
Accepted05.04.2024
Published Online24.04.2024

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