Research Article


DOI :10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901   IUP :10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901    Full Text (PDF)

Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries

Adem BabacanMehmet Ali PolatOktay Kızılkaya

The understanding of the green economy, which is seen as the main strategy of sustainable development, is considered a remedy to eliminate the concerns between environmental concerns and economic goals. Therefore, measuring and considering the performance of countries in the context of the green economy is important in terms of policies to be implemented. The aim of the study is to measure and evaluate the green economy performance of the 20 founding OECD countries. In this context, a green economy index covering the years 2014-2018 was calculated based on the numerical data of 23 variables, which are thought to represent three different dimensions of the green economy. The contributions of these criteria to the green economy were weighted with the SWARA Method, one of the multi-criteria decision techniques. Using the obtained criteria weights, the green economy performance scores of the countries were determined through the TOPSIS Method. According to the scores obtained, it can be stated that the green economy performances of the 20 founding OECD countries increased in the examined period. In this performance increase, positive developments in economic and social indicators have a large share.

JEL Classification : Q01 , Q56 , C44
DOI :10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901   IUP :10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901    Full Text (PDF)

Sürdürülebilir Kalkınmada Yeşil Ekonomi: OECD Ülkeleri İçin Bir Analiz

Adem BabacanMehmet Ali PolatOktay Kızılkaya

Sürdürülebilir kalkınmanın temel stratejisi olarak görülen yeşil ekonomi anlayışı, çevresel kaygılar ile ekonomik hedefler arasındaki endişeleri yok edecek bir çare olarak değerlendirilmektedir. O halde, ülkelerin, yeşil ekonomi bağlamında performanslarının ölçülmesi ve dikkate alınması uygulanacak politikalar açısından oldukça önemlidir. Çalışmanın amacı, 20 kurucu OECD ülkesinin yeşil ekonomi performansını ölçmek ve değerlendirmektir. Bu bağlamda, yeşil ekonominin üç farklı boyutunu temsil ettiği düşünülen 23 değişkene ilişkin sayısal verilerden hareketle 2014-2018 yılları arasını kapsayan bir yeşil ekonomi endeksi hesaplanmıştır. Bu kriterlerin yeşil ekonomiye katkısının ağırlıklandırılması, çok kriterli karar tekniklerinden SWARA Metodu kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Elde edilen kriter ağırlıklarından faydalanılarak TOPSIS Metodu aracılığıyla ülkelerin yeşil ekonomi performans skorları belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen skorlara göre, 20 kurucu OECD ülkesinde ele alınan dönemdeki yeşil ekonomi performansının arttığı ifade edilebilir. Bu performans artışında, ekonomik ve sosyal göstergelerdeki olumlu gelişmelerin payı büyüktür.

JEL Classification : Q01 , Q56 , C44

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APA

Babacan, A., Polat, M.A., & Kızılkaya, O. (2023). Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries. Istanbul Journal of Economics, 73(1), 231-260. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901


AMA

Babacan A, Polat M A, Kızılkaya O. Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries. Istanbul Journal of Economics. 2023;73(1):231-260. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901


ABNT

Babacan, A.; Polat, M.A.; Kızılkaya, O. Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries. Istanbul Journal of Economics, [Publisher Location], v. 73, n. 1, p. 231-260, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Babacan, Adem, and Mehmet Ali Polat and Oktay Kızılkaya. 2023. “Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries.” Istanbul Journal of Economics 73, no. 1: 231-260. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901


Chicago: Humanities Style

Babacan, Adem, and Mehmet Ali Polat and Oktay Kızılkaya. Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries.” Istanbul Journal of Economics 73, no. 1 (Feb. 2024): 231-260. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901


Harvard: Australian Style

Babacan, A & Polat, MA & Kızılkaya, O 2023, 'Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries', Istanbul Journal of Economics, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 231-260, viewed 21 Feb. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Babacan, A. and Polat, M.A. and Kızılkaya, O. (2023) ‘Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries’, Istanbul Journal of Economics, 73(1), pp. 231-260. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901 (21 Feb. 2024).


MLA

Babacan, Adem, and Mehmet Ali Polat and Oktay Kızılkaya. Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries.” Istanbul Journal of Economics, vol. 73, no. 1, 2023, pp. 231-260. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901


Vancouver

Babacan A, Polat MA, Kızılkaya O. Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries. Istanbul Journal of Economics [Internet]. 21 Feb. 2024 [cited 21 Feb. 2024];73(1):231-260. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901 doi: 10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901


ISNAD

Babacan, Adem - Polat, MehmetAli - Kızılkaya, Oktay. Green Economy in Sustainable Development: An Analysis for OECD Countries”. Istanbul Journal of Economics 73/1 (Feb. 2024): 231-260. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2022-1191901



TIMELINE


Submitted19.10.2022
Accepted24.04.2023
Published Online26.06.2023

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