Research Article


DOI :10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929   IUP :10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929    Full Text (PDF)

Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness

Yeşim Dilek

One of the most important phenomena that constituted the thought, religion, social, and cultural structure of antiquity was ab-origina, which includes concepts such as the prototype of everything being in the past, doing everything as it was done in the past, and doing everything because it was done in the past, and this phenomenon pushed the people of antiquity to create a society that stood against difference and change. As Eliade emphasizes, that truth can only be gained by practice or involvement because an object or activity only becomes genuine when it imitates or replicates an archetype. The replication of models created by divine action at a legendary beginning time is essential to human behavior in a mythologically-based world, and this is commonly denoted by the phrases “in illo tempore” or “ab origina.” Sumerians, who created a brilliant culture in ancient Mesopotamia, were unique and personified people who experienced ab-origina and manifested divinity in their people. The aim of this study is to interpret the sacredness Sumerian society in terms of Eliade’s perception. 

DOI :10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929   IUP :10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929    Full Text (PDF)

Eliade’nin Kutsallık Kavramı Bağlamında Sümerler

Yeşim Dilek

Antikçağ düşünce, dini, sosyal ve kültürel yapısını oluşturan en önemli olgulardan biri ab-origina olarak adlandırılan her şeyin prototipinin geçmişte olduğu, her şeyi geçmişte olduğu gibi yapma yapılan her şeyin geçmişte yapıldığı için yapılması gibi kavramları içine alan bu olgu antikçağ insanını farklılığa ve değişime karşı duran bir toplum yaratmaya itmiştir. Eliade’nin vurguladığı gibi, hakikat ancak uygulama veya katılımla kazanılabilir çünkü bir nesne veya faaliyet ancak bir arketipi taklit ettiğinde veya kopyaladığında hakiki hale gelir. Efsanevi bir başlangıç zamanında ilahi eylem tarafından yaratılan modellerin kopyalanması, mitolojik temelli bir dünyada insan davranışı için esastır ve bu genellikle “in illo tempore” veya “ab origina” ifadeleriyle belirtilir. Antik Mezopotamya’da parlak bir kültür yaratan Sümerler, ab-origina’yı deneyimlemiş ve kutsallığın bir halk üzerinde tezahür ettiği eşsiz ve kişileştirilmiş bir halktır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Sümerler olarak adlandırılan bir toplumun kutsallığını Eliade’in algısı açısından yorumlamaktır. 


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APA

Dilek, Y. (2023). Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness. darulfunun ilahiyat, 34(1), 243-256. https://doi.org/10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929


AMA

Dilek Y. Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness. darulfunun ilahiyat. 2023;34(1):243-256. https://doi.org/10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929


ABNT

Dilek, Y. Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness. darulfunun ilahiyat, [Publisher Location], v. 34, n. 1, p. 243-256, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Dilek, Yeşim,. 2023. “Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness.” darulfunun ilahiyat 34, no. 1: 243-256. https://doi.org/10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929


Chicago: Humanities Style

Dilek, Yeşim,. Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness.” darulfunun ilahiyat 34, no. 1 (Jul. 2024): 243-256. https://doi.org/10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929


Harvard: Australian Style

Dilek, Y 2023, 'Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness', darulfunun ilahiyat, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 243-256, viewed 20 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Dilek, Y. (2023) ‘Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness’, darulfunun ilahiyat, 34(1), pp. 243-256. https://doi.org/10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929 (20 Jul. 2024).


MLA

Dilek, Yeşim,. Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness.” darulfunun ilahiyat, vol. 34, no. 1, 2023, pp. 243-256. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929


Vancouver

Dilek Y. Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness. darulfunun ilahiyat [Internet]. 20 Jul. 2024 [cited 20 Jul. 2024];34(1):243-256. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929 doi: 10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929


ISNAD

Dilek, Yeşim. Sumerians in Light of Eliade’s Concept of Sacredness”. darulfunun ilahiyat 34/1 (Jul. 2024): 243-256. https://doi.org/10.26650/di.2023.34.1.1182929



TIMELINE


Submitted15.06.2022
Accepted09.12.2022
Published Online16.03.2023

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