Research Article

DOI :10.26650/di.2022.33.2.1131152   IUP :10.26650/di.2022.33.2.1131152    Full Text (PDF)

The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes

Fadi ZatariOmar Fili

This article seeks to explore the claims that al-Ādāb al-Sulṭānīyah literature legitimized tyranny, involving subverting religion to be a tool in the hands of political authorities and legitimizing the absolute authority of the ruler above the people, justifying his actions on a religious basis to establish an unquestioned and consequence-free rule. The article questions this approach for its anachronism and misunderstanding of al-Ādāb al-Sulṭānīyah literature’s nature and objectives regarding its views on political authority and tyranny. The work’s significant focus is the primary sources of al-Ādāb al-Sulṭānīyah authors to get a more comprehensive image in order to affirm whether there was a systematic effort to legitimize tyranny or whether it an affirmation of just rule. As a result of this study and a close reading of al-Ādāb al-Sulṭānīyah works, not only was it made clear that the al-Ādāb al-Sulṭānīyah genre and its authors did not intend to legitimize tyranny, but In fact, the genre and its authors vehemently opposed the transgressions of rulers.

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Zatari, F., & Fili, O. (2022). The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes. darulfunun ilahiyat, 33(2), 463-479.


Zatari F, Fili O. The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes. darulfunun ilahiyat. 2022;33(2):463-479.


Zatari, F.; Fili, O. The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes. darulfunun ilahiyat, [Publisher Location], v. 33, n. 2, p. 463-479, 2022.

Chicago: Author-Date Style

Zatari, Fadi, and Omar Fili. 2022. “The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes.” darulfunun ilahiyat 33, no. 2: 463-479.

Chicago: Humanities Style

Zatari, Fadi, and Omar Fili. The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes.” darulfunun ilahiyat 33, no. 2 (Jun. 2023): 463-479.

Harvard: Australian Style

Zatari, F & Fili, O 2022, 'The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes', darulfunun ilahiyat, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 463-479, viewed 9 Jun. 2023,

Harvard: Author-Date Style

Zatari, F. and Fili, O. (2022) ‘The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes’, darulfunun ilahiyat, 33(2), pp. 463-479. (9 Jun. 2023).


Zatari, Fadi, and Omar Fili. The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes.” darulfunun ilahiyat, vol. 33, no. 2, 2022, pp. 463-479. [Database Container],


Zatari F, Fili O. The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes. darulfunun ilahiyat [Internet]. 9 Jun. 2023 [cited 9 Jun. 2023];33(2):463-479. Available from: doi: 10.26650/di.2022.33.2.1131152


Zatari, Fadi - Fili, Omar. The Image of Sulṭān in Islamic Mirror of Princes”. darulfunun ilahiyat 33/2 (Jun. 2023): 463-479.


Published Online10.11.2022


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