A Qualitative Research on the Determination of Toxic Personality TraitsBenan Arda, Pelin Kanten
Personality is a concept used to describe individual differences based on the consistent and continuous behavior of the individual. There are many positive and negative (dark) personality traits that can create these differences. In this context, it is possible to define toxic personality as a manifestation of negative personality traits that can be characterized by skeptical, angry, bossy, egocentric, interest-oriented attitudes and opportunistic habits by using methods such as pressure, manipulation, and impression management. It is possible for individuals with personality disorders and/or negative personality traits to negatively affect their environment. Although it is seen that personality disorders and negative personality traits are discussed in the national and international literature, there is a limited concept unity and measurement tool to generalize negative personality traits. In this direction, as a result of interviews with individuals over the age of 18, it was aimed to present toxic personality traits within the framework of a model. Within the scope of the research, interviews were conducted with 36 participants through a semi-structured questionnaire based on different criteria such as gender, age, marital status and level of education. The data obtained from the interviews were coded and categorized using the MAXQDA qualitative data analysis program. Frequency analysis and comparative analysis were used to visualize codes and categories. In the light of the analysis results, within the framework of the main theme of toxic personality traits, there are seven sub-dimensions as "aggressive traits", "depressive traits", "hysterical traits", "reactive traits", "role model traits", "ego dominant traits" and "ego passive traits" classified by theme.