Review Article


DOI :10.26650/JECS2020-0005   IUP :10.26650/JECS2020-0005    Full Text (PDF)

Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review

Fazilet Dalfidan

The objective of this article is to comprehend how and from which perspective sociology focuses on child poverty and to explore the way it poses the problem. In this context, the article reveals the main contents and general character of sociological perspectives on child poverty and discusses the deficiencies, limitations, and prejudices of the literature through an investigation into which approaches are adopted and which themes are focused on. A critical literature review method was used in the article. Two approaches emerged: the structural and phenomenological approaches. Based on these approaches, some results were obtained. These were that, within the structural approach, a child-oriented research approach is lacking since the focus is on such factors as family structure, race/ethnicity, space/neighbourhood, gender, social expenditures/support applications. The gender dimension particularly needs to be considered as a prominent theme in childcare. The quality of the relationship with the social policy field is significant for the literature in terms of both social policy as an integral dimension of child poverty as well as methodological limitation and constraint- lack of childspecific statistical data production. Finally, our research concluded that the number of macro-oriented studies that have adopted a structural approach was not high because of the limitation and constraint of statistical data production in the literature in Turkey

DOI :10.26650/JECS2020-0005   IUP :10.26650/JECS2020-0005    Full Text (PDF)

Çocuk Yoksulluğuna Sosyolojik Bakış: Eleştirel Bir Literatür Değerlendirmesi

Fazilet Dalfidan

Bu makalenin sorunsalı sosyolojinin çocuk yoksulluğuna nasıl ve nereden baktığını, diğer bir ifadeyle sorunu ortaya koyuş tarzını anlamaktır. Bunun için alanda hangi yaklaşımların benimsendiği ve hangi temalara yoğunlaşıldığı incelenerek çocuk yoksulluğuna sosyolojik bakışın temel unsurları ve genel karakteri ortaya çıkarılmakta ve literatürdeki eksiklikler, sınırlılıklar, önyargılar tartışılmaktır. Makalede eleştirel literatür taraması yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Yapısal yaklaşım ve fenomenolojik yaklaşım olmak üzere iki yaklaşım ortaya çıkmıştır. Bu yaklaşımlardan hareketle bazı sonuçlara ulaşılmıştır: Aile yapısı, ırk/etnisite, mekan/muhit, toplumsal cinsiyet, sosyal harcama/destek uygulamaları gibi etmenlere odaklanan yapısal yaklaşımda çocuk-odaklı araştırma yaklaşımı eksiktir. Ön plana çıkan bir tema olan çocuk bakımında toplumsal cinsiyet boyutunun özellikle dikkate alınması gerekmektedir. Gerek metodolojik sınırlılık ve kısıt – çocuklara-özgü istatiksel veri üretiminin yetersiz olması – gerek sosyal politikanın çocuk yoksulluğunun ayrılmaz bir boyutu olması bakımından sosyal politika alanı ile kurulan ilişkinin niteliği literatür için önem taşımaktadır. Son olarak, Türkiye’deki literatürde istatiksel veri üretimindeki kısıt ve sınırlılıktan dolayı yapısal yaklaşımı benimseyen makro-yönelimli çalışmaların neredeyse yok denecek kadar az olduğu ortaya çıkmıştır.


EXTENDED ABSTRACT


Child poverty has started to draw attention and has been investigated in sociology since the 1990s. There are a number of dynamics that might help articulate the increasing interest in child poverty. These are the approval of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989, consideration of children as a social category, and high child poverty rates. The objective of this article is to comprehend how and from which perspective sociology focuses on child poverty and to explore the way it poses the problem differently from such disciplines as economics, social policy, psychology and anthropology. This requires taking a look at sociology’s way of thinking on the matter – conceptual tools, research methods and questioning ways. Based on this argument, through an examination of which approaches are adopted and which themes are focused on in the field, the basic elements and general character of a sociological view on child poverty were revealed and the deficiencies, limitations and prejudices in the literature were discussed. Thus, the aim of the study was to trace the reflections of a rights-oriented approach to children and to examine the arguments that consider children as a unit of analysis and social actors in the sociology literature. The aim of this literature review is to make a critical comparison rather than present a summary and description of the current literature. Based on classifications that emerged on the basis of significant themes and approaches, in the discussion section, the literature was critically evaluated within the frame of limitations, deficiencies and prejudices from a holistic view. 

The literature on child poverty in sociology was classified on the basis of prominent themes and approaches adopted in different studies. The literature includes themes within the framework of two main approaches – the structural approach and the phenomenological approach – and focuses on such themes as well-being, inequality, child care, daily life, social exclusion, child labour, juvenile delinquency, and street children. While the structural approach is mostly adopted in macro-oriented studies using quantitative methods, the phenomenological approach is mostly encountered in micro-oriented studies using qualitative methods. The structural approach has developed as an outcome of the multidimensional approach, which includes material indicators such as income and consumption as well as deprivations in social sphere. This approach reveals multidimensional analyses by considering structural factors that determine child poverty such as employment, family structure, race/ethnicity, space/ neighbourhood, gender, social policy. These factors are added to each other in some studies. The phenomenological approach analyses the multidimensional social aspects of the effects and consequences of child poverty on children. In these studies, in which qualitative methods are mostly used, themes such as daily life, child labour, juvenile delinquency, and street children stand out. When compared with the structural approach, they focus more on children through the consideration of children’s experiences of poverty as well as their viewpoints. 

These studies in the sociology literature provide an insight into child poverty. They show a general acceptance that poverty as a social problem is experienced by children even more deeply than adults. 

The literature also reveals a recognition of children as social subjects, but this recognition is partial and relative. Moreover, looking at the prominent approaches and methods used in different studies as a whole, it is obvious that a child-based approach is lacking. Children are regarded as the social subjects of the problem, but they are mostly neglected when it comes to methodology . This lack of a child-focused approach comes to the forefront especially in the structural approach. In these studies, in which quantitative methods are mostly used, since factors such as family structure, space/neighbourhood, race/ethnicity are taken into account, general population and settlement statistics are used instead of child-specific statistics. It seems that child poverty is clearly associated with women’s poverty and that both add to the other. Although the gender aspect of child poverty is significant, in studies investigating the theme of childcare, the focus shifts to women instead of children. Thus, women’s poverty comes to the forefront more than child poverty. Looking at studies in which the structural approach is adopted, it seems that space/neighbourhood and race/ethnicity are intertwined and examined in relation to each other. This is more common in studies using qualitative methods rather than studies using quantitative methods. In this preference, besides the sociological research tradition, it can be said that opportunities in the production of statistical data are particularly determinative. A consideration of the literature in Turkey reveals that the limitations and constraints in this area are clearly evident; they even affect the determination of the research method, as if the two were inseparable. In our country, the limitations and constraints in the production of statistical data lead to studies that use more qualitative methods. Social policy, which is one of the primary areas that examines child poverty, is added as a context to sociological studies in terms of both methodological constraints and representing a significant dimension of the phenomenon in studies conducted in the field of sociology.


PDF View

References

  • Abel-Smith, B., & Townsend. P. (1965). The Poor and the Poorest. London: Bell. google scholar
  • Akıllı, H. ve Dirikoç, A. (2017). Türkiye’de kent yoksulluğu ve çocuk: Nevşehir örneği. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 26, 197—224. google scholar
  • Albanese, P. (2010). Child poverty in Canada. Toronto: Oxford University Press. google scholar
  • Attree, P. (2004). Growing up in disadvantage: A systematic review of the qualitative evidence. Child: Care, Health and Development, 30(6), 679—689. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2004.00480.x. google scholar
  • Attree, P. (2006). The social costs of child poverty: a systematic review of the qualitative evidence. Children and Society, 20(1), 54—66. https://doi.org/10.1002/CHI.854. google scholar
  • Baker, M. (2002). Child poverty, maternal health and social benefits. Current Sociology, 50(6), 823-838. https://doi. org/10.1177/0011392102050006003. google scholar
  • Bal, H. (2007). Toplumsal eşitsizlik temelinde çocuk suçluluğu: Isparta-Van karşılaştırması. Sosyoloji Dergisi Ülgen Oskay’a Armağan Özel Sayısı, 293—311. google scholar
  • Barnes, S. L. & Bynum, M. S. (2007). The effect of child care on employment tardiness and absences for mothers: does marital status matter?. In B. A. Arrighi, & D. J. Maume (Eds.), Child Poverty in America Today: Families and Children (pp. 1—16). London: Praeger Publishers. google scholar
  • Bayçöl, N. (2019). Aile yoksulluğunun çocuğa yansımaları: Sultanbeyli örneği. (Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Konya. google scholar
  • Bektaş, H. ve Şeker, M. (2019, Nisan). İstanbul’da çocuk yoksulluğu: mahalle ölçeğinde bir analiz. 34.Uluslararası Maliye Sempozyumunda sunulan bildiri, Antalya. google scholar
  • Bilgin, R. (2009). Diyarbakır’da sokakta çalışan çocuklar üzerine sosyolojik bir araştırma. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 8(27), 232—244. google scholar
  • Bostic, A. (2016). Inequality, the welfare state, and demographic change. (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis. (UMI No. 10141311). google scholar
  • Booth, C. (1904). Life and labour of the people in london: first series: poverty. London: Macmillan and Co. google scholar
  • Bourdillion, B. (2012). Introduction. In J. Boyden, & M. Bourdillon (Eds.). childhood poverty: multidisciplinary approaches (pp. 1—12). UK: Palgrave Macmillan. google scholar
  • Bradbury, B. & Jantti, M. (1999). Child poverty across ındustrialised countries. ınnocenti occasional paper, economic and social policy series, No 71, Florence: UNICEF International Child Development Centre. google scholar
  • Bradshaw, J., Hoelscher, P., & Richardson, D. (2006). Comparing child well-being in OECD countries: concepts and methods (Innocenti Working Paper No. 2006-03). Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. google scholar
  • Bradshaw, J., Hoelscher, P., & Richardson, D. (2007). An index of child well-being in the european union. Social Indicators Research, 80(1), 133—177. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-009-9037-7. google scholar
  • Cresswell, J. W. (2016). Araştırma deseni: nitel, nicel ve karma yöntem yaklaşımları (2. bs.) (S. B. Demir Çev.). Ankara: Eğiten Kitap Yayıncılık. google scholar
  • Çoban, S. (2015). Türkiye’de risk altındaki çocuklar ve çocuk suçluluğu üzerine bir değerlendirme. Sosyoloji Konferansları, 52(2), 791—810. https://doi.org/10.18368/IU/sk.24682. google scholar
  • Dalfidan, F. (2019). Çocukların yoksullukla baş etme stratejilerinin yeni çocukluk sosyolojisi bağlamında incelenmesi: İstanbul örneği. (Doktora Tezi, İstanbul), İstanbul Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul. google scholar
  • Davidson, P. R. (2007). Diversity in living arrangements and children’s economic well-being in single-mother households. In B. A. Arrighi, & D. J. Maume (Eds.), Child Poverty in America Today: Families and Children (pp. 29—51). London: Praeger Publishers. google scholar
  • Daoud, A., Halleröd, B. & Guha-Sapir, D. (2016). What is the association between absolute child poverty, poor governance, and natural disasters? A Global Comparison of Some of the Realities of Climate Change. Plos One, 11(4), 1—20. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153296. google scholar
  • Dayıoğlu, M. (2007). Türkiye’de çocuk yoksulluğu: ölçüm yöntemleri ve yoksulluğun belirleyicileri. Tisk Akademi, 2(3), 82—105. google scholar
  • Delamonica, E., Minujin, A., Davidziuk, A., Edward, D., & Gonzalez, E. D. (2006). Children living in poverty: overview of definitions, measurements and policy. New York: UNICEF Global Policy Section. google scholar
  • Dercon, S. (2012). Understanding child poverty in developing countries: measurement and analysis. In J. Boyden, & M. Bourdillon, Childhood Poverty: Multidisciplinary Approaches (pp. 52—74). UK: Palgrave Macmillan. google scholar
  • Dikici Bilgin, H. (2006). Working street children in turkey and romania: a comparative historical analysis in the context of new poverty. (Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara. google scholar
  • Doğan, V. (2011). Yoksulluğun unutulan yüzü: yoksul çocukların yoksulluk algıları. (Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Muğla Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Üniversitesi, Muğla. Ferris, A. L. (2006). Social structure and child poverty. Social Indicator Research, 78(3), 453—472. google scholar
  • Figueira-McDonoug, J. (2007). Child care and the potential for breaking ıntergenerational poverty. In B. A. Arrighi, & D. J. Maume (Eds.), Child Poverty in America Today: Families and Children (pp. 71—82). London: Praeger Publishers. google scholar
  • Firestone, J. M. (2007). Family context, ıncome adequacy, and child-care needs: the bottom line for san antonio’s future. In B. A. Arrighi, & D. J. Maume (Eds.), Child Poverty in America Today: Families and Children (pp. 52—70). London: Praeger Publishers. google scholar
  • Gephart, M. A. (1997). Neighborhoods and communities as contexts for development. In J. Brooks Gunn, G. J. Duncan, & J. L. Aber (Eds.), Neighborhood Poverty: Context and Consequences for Children (pp. 1—43), NY: Russell Sage Foundation. google scholar
  • Gordon, D., Nandy, S., Pantazis, C., Pemberton, S., & Townsend, P. (2003). The distribution of child poverty in the developing world. Bristol: Centre for International Poverty Research. google scholar
  • Gürses, D. (2013, Eylül). Yoksulluğu yaşamak: çocukların gözünden yoksulluk, yoksunluk ve sosyal dışlanma. VII. Ulusal Sosyoloji Kongresi’nde sunulan bildiri, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi, Muğla. google scholar
  • Gürses, D. (2014). Yoksulluğu yaşamak: çocukların gözünden yoksulluk, yoksunluk ve sosyal dışlanma (Proje No: 111K339). Ankara: TÜBİTAK. google scholar
  • Hango, D. W. (2003). The effect of neighborhood poverty and residential mobility on child well-being. (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis. (UMI No. 3119237). google scholar
  • Hoek, T. V. D. (2005). Through children’s eyes: an ınitial study of children’s personal experiences and coping strategies growing up poor in an affluent netherlands (Innocenti Working Paper 2005—06), Florence: Unicef Innocenti Research Centre. google scholar
  • Irving, S. K. (2013). Child poverty, program participatıon, and educational and health outcomes: the role of race, ethnicity, and nativity. (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis. (UMI No. 3576465). google scholar
  • Işık, E. (2007). Kent yoksulluğu, sokak çocukları ve suç. (Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Kütahya. google scholar
  • Jencks, C., & Mayer, S. E. (1990). The social consequences of growing up in a poor neighborhood. In L. E. Lynn, Jr., & M. G. H. McGeary (Eds.), Inner-City Poverty in the United States (pp. 111—186). Washington DC: National Academy Press. google scholar
  • Jesson, J., & Lacey, F. (2006). How to do (or not to do) a critical literature review. Pharmacy Education, 6(2), 139—148. google scholar
  • John, St. C., & Miller, S. M. B. (1995). The exposure of black and hispanic children to urban ghettos: evidence from chicago and the southwest. Social Science Quarterly, 76(3), 562—576. google scholar
  • Kahraman, F. ve Sallan Gül, S. (2015). Türkiye’de çocuk yoksulluğu: gaziantep üzerine bir araştırma. Hitit Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 8(1), 339—366. https://doi.org/10.17218/husbed.59837. google scholar
  • Kelly, E. B. (2007). The work of coordinating child care for rural low-ıncome mothers. In B. A. Arrighi, & D. J. Maume (Eds.), Child Poverty in America Today: Families and Children (pp. 101—119). London: Praeger Publishers. google scholar
  • Kılıç, F. (2009). Çocuk işçiliği ve ailenin rolü (Kütahya Örneği). (Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Kütahya. google scholar
  • Land, K. C., Lamb, V. L., & Kahler-Mustillo, S. (2001). child and youth well-being in the United States, 1975—1998: Some Findings from a New Index. Social Indicators Research, 56(3), 241—320. google scholar
  • Lichter, D. T., & Eggebeen, D. J. (1992). Child poverty and the changing rural family. Rural Sociology, 57(2), 151—172. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1549-0831.1992.tb00461.x. google scholar
  • Lichter, D. T. (1997). Poverty and ınequality among children. Annual Review of Sociology, 23(1), 121—145. https:// doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.23.1.121. google scholar
  • Lichter, D. T., & Crowley M. L. (2004). Welfare reform and child poverty: effects of maternal employment, marriage and cohabitation. Social Science Research, 33(3), 385—408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2003.09.001. google scholar
  • Lindsey, D. (2009). Child Poverty and Inequality: Securing a Better Future for America’s Children. NY: Oxford University Press. Magadi, M. (2010). Risk factors for severe child poverty in the UK. Journal of Social Policy, 39(2), 297—316. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047279409990651. google scholar
  • McCarty, A. T. (2014). Parental Social Networks, Mental Health, and Educational Disadvantage of Children in Poverty. (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis. (UMI No. 3635876). google scholar
  • McCarty, A. T. (2016). Child poverty in the united states: a tale of devastation and the promise of hope. Sociology Compass, 10(7), 623—639. https://doi.org/10.1111/soc4.12386. google scholar
  • Mc Donald, C. (2008). Children’s lived experience of poverty: a review of the literature, Paddington, N.S.W.: The Benevolent Society. Merriam, S. B. (2013). Nitel araştırma: desen ve uygulama için bir rehber (S. Turan, Çev.). Ankara: Nobel Yayıncılık. google scholar
  • Metin, B. (2015). Gelecek nesillerin yaşam fırsatları için ciddi bir tehdit: çocuk yoksulluğu. Sosyal Güvenlik Dergisi, 5(2), 166—188. google scholar
  • Minujin, A., Delamonica, E., Gonzalez, E. D., & Davidziuk, A. (2005). Children living in poverty: a review of child poverty definitions, measurements, and policies. UNICEF’s Conference on Children & Poverty: Global Context, Local Solutions. New York: The New School. google scholar
  • Minujin, A., Delamonica, E., Davidziuk, A., & Gonzalez, E. D. (2006). The definition of child poverty: a discussion of concepts and measurements. International Institute for Environment and Development, 18(2), 481—500. google scholar
  • Morrow, V., & Pells, K. (2012). Integrating children’s human rights and child poverty debates: examples from young lives in ethiopia and ındia. Sociology, 46(5), 906—920. https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038512451532. google scholar
  • Morrow, V., & Vennam, U. (2012). Children’s responses to risk in agricultural work in Andhra Pradesh, India. Development in Practice, 22(4), 549—561. https://doi.org/10.1080/09614524.2012.672955. google scholar
  • Munoz Salazar, P. (2000). Poverty, schooling, and child labor: a portrait of chile before and after democratization. (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis. (UMI No. 9982379 ). google scholar
  • Obioha, E. E. (2009). Becoming a street child in poverty ridden society: a descriptive case of Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria, Journal of Social Sciences, 19(1), 41—49. https://doi.org/10.1080/09718923.2009.11892689. google scholar
  • Öztürk, A. B. (2008). Kentteki çocuk yoksulluğu: keçiören örneği. (Yüksek Lisans Tezi)., Hacettep Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara. google scholar
  • Pearce, D. (2007). Introduction. In B. A. Arrighi, & D. J. Maume (Eds.), Child Poverty in America Today: Families and Children (pp. xi—xxiii). London: Praeger Publishers. google scholar
  • Qvortrup, J. (1997). A voice for children in statistical and social accounting: a plea for children’s right to be heard. In A. James, & A. Prout, Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood: Contemporary Issues in the Sociological Study of Childhood (pp. 83—100). Washington DC: Falmer Press. google scholar
  • Rahbari, L. (2016). Transnationality of child poverty: the case of ıranian and afghan street children in Tehran. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 4(5), 347—352. google scholar
  • Redmond, G. (2008). Children’s perspectives on economic adversity: a review of the literature, Innocenti Discussion Papaers 2008—01, Florence: Unicef Innocenti Research Centre. google scholar
  • Ridge, T. (2002). Childhood poverty and social exclusion-from a child’s perspective. UK: The Policy Press. Roelen, K., & Gassman, F. (2008). Measuring child poverty and well-being: a literature review. Netherlands: Maastricht University. google scholar
  • Roets, G., Roose, R., & Bouverne- De Bie, M. (2013). Researching child poverty: towards a lifeworld orientation. Childhood, 20(4), 535—549. https://doi.org/10.1177/0907568212475101. google scholar
  • Rowntree, B. S. (1942). Poverty and progress: a second social survey of York. London: Longmans, Green and Co. google scholar
  • Sampson, R. J., Morenoff, J. D., & Gannon-Rowley, T. (2002). Assessing “neighborhood effects”: social processes and new directions in research. Annual Review of Sociology, 28(1), 443—478. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev. soc.28.110601.141114. google scholar
  • Scott, E. K. (2007). Conflicts between wage work and care work: how single-parent families of children with disabilities manage to juggle competing demands. In B. A. Arrighi, & D. J. Maume (Eds.), Child Poverty in America Today: Families and Children (pp. 120—137). London: Praeger Publishers. google scholar
  • Tekola-Gebru, B. (2009). Looking beyond poverty: poor children’s perspectives and experiences of risk, coping, and resilience in Addis Ababa (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis. (UMI No. 898752411). google scholar
  • Timberlake, J. M. (2003). Effects of residential segregation on racial ınequality in children’s exposure to neighborhood poverty and affluence. (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis. (UMI No. 3108120). google scholar
  • Timberlake, J. M., & Michael, J. (2007). Children’s exposure to neighborhood poverty and affluence in the United States, 1990–2000. In B. A. Arrighi, & D. J. Maume (Eds.), Child Poverty in America Today: Families and Children (pp. 136—164). London: Praeger Publishers. google scholar
  • Unicef, (2004). The state of the world’s children 2005. New York: UNICEF House. google scholar
  • Wagmiller, R. L. (2007). Children and the changing social ecology of economic disadvantage in urban America. In B. A. Arrighi, & D. J. Maume (Eds.), Child Poverty in America Today: Families and Children (pp. 163—181). London: Praeger Publishers. google scholar
  • White, H., Leavy, J., & Masters A. (2003). Comparative perspectives on child poverty: a review of poverty measure. Journal of Human Development. 4(3), 379—396. https://doi.org/10.1080/1464988032000125755. google scholar
  • Wilson, W. J. (1987). The truly disadvantaged: the ınner city, the underclass, and public policy. Chicago: University Chicago Press. google scholar
  • Voss, P. R., Long, D. D., Hammer R. B., & Friedman S. (2006). County child poverty rates in the us: a spatial regression approach. Population Research Policy Review, 25(4), 369—391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11113-0069007-4. google scholar

Citations

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


EXPORT



APA

Dalfidan, F. (2020). Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review. Journal of Economy, Culture and Society, 0(62), 397-414. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2020-0005


AMA

Dalfidan F. Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review. Journal of Economy, Culture and Society. 2020;0(62):397-414. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2020-0005


ABNT

Dalfidan, F. Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review. Journal of Economy, Culture and Society, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 62, p. 397-414, 2020.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Dalfidan, Fazilet,. 2020. “Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review.” Journal of Economy, Culture and Society 0, no. 62: 397-414. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2020-0005


Chicago: Humanities Style

Dalfidan, Fazilet,. Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review.” Journal of Economy, Culture and Society 0, no. 62 (Jun. 2021): 397-414. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2020-0005


Harvard: Australian Style

Dalfidan, F 2020, 'Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review', Journal of Economy, Culture and Society, vol. 0, no. 62, pp. 397-414, viewed 25 Jun. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2020-0005


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Dalfidan, F. (2020) ‘Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review’, Journal of Economy, Culture and Society, 0(62), pp. 397-414. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2020-0005 (25 Jun. 2021).


MLA

Dalfidan, Fazilet,. Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review.” Journal of Economy, Culture and Society, vol. 0, no. 62, 2020, pp. 397-414. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2020-0005


Vancouver

Dalfidan F. Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review. Journal of Economy, Culture and Society [Internet]. 25 Jun. 2021 [cited 25 Jun. 2021];0(62):397-414. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2020-0005 doi: 10.26650/JECS2020-0005


ISNAD

Dalfidan, Fazilet. Sociological Perspective on Child Poverty: A Critical Literature Review”. Journal of Economy, Culture and Society 0/62 (Jun. 2021): 397-414. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2020-0005



TIMELINE


Submitted28.01.2020
Accepted19.05.2020
Published Online01.09.2020

LICENCE


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


SHARE




Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.