Review Article


DOI :10.26650/JECS2021-1036112   IUP :10.26650/JECS2021-1036112    Full Text (PDF)

Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology

Faruk Hadžić

The paper argues that post-socialist neoliberal democracy is hindered by the exposed or conditioned ethnic symbolic radical populism, particularly in the post-Yugoslav ethnonationalism political behavior. Moreover, the approach toward the fascist ideology symbols disregards the communist social memory of stability and human security and a collectivism-oriented community. Neoliberal globalization has strengthened national identities, supported by the war-related creation of ethnic homogenous territories. Consequently, former Yugoslavia’s historical conflicting memory cultures from WW2 to the Yugoslav wars present enduring processes within sociopolitical ethnic-religious traditions. The collective historical and social memory that forms people’s identities is manipulated, falsified, reduced, and politically instrumentalized. Contemporary ethnic-symbolic politics communicate through conservative political orientations: re-traditionalism behavior (including some left-wingers) advocates public acceptance. Historical anti-fascism actors have been stigmatized within attitudes toward fascist ideology symbolism and traditional Balkan sociopolitical mythologies. Frequent use of (often) antagonistic ethnic symbolism in textual, rhetorical and visual forms expresses it. Various methods of conducting historical revisionism in the symbolic and ideological vocations decrease Yugoslavia’s social memory. Institutional and non-institutional engagement is normatively needed in a battle for correct memory. Citizens’ participation in political decision-making outside the ethnoreligious paradigm is crucial. The consequence of populist political orders in ethnoreligious partitioned post-socialism is ethnic-symbolic collectivism. It oppresses individual identity and excludes the possibility of distinct classification. Contemporary notions of autonomy and mind, adapted to modern society, provide a theoretical framework for formulating political strategies in a post-national context. Acquisitive components of civil society and the society’s stagnation due to slow consolidation can abruptly transform into political apathy motivating violent disorder. Accordingly, many sociopolitical realities symbolize and indicate that "democratized" post-socialist and post-Yugoslav states are more "inadequate" and "ineffective" than Yugoslavia.


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APA

Hadžić, F. (2023). Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology. Journal of Economy Culture and Society, 0(68), 141-163. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-1036112


AMA

Hadžić F. Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology. Journal of Economy Culture and Society. 2023;0(68):141-163. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-1036112


ABNT

Hadžić, F. Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology. Journal of Economy Culture and Society, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 68, p. 141-163, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Hadžić, Faruk,. 2023. “Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology.” Journal of Economy Culture and Society 0, no. 68: 141-163. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-1036112


Chicago: Humanities Style

Hadžić, Faruk,. Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology.” Journal of Economy Culture and Society 0, no. 68 (Mar. 2024): 141-163. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-1036112


Harvard: Australian Style

Hadžić, F 2023, 'Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology', Journal of Economy Culture and Society, vol. 0, no. 68, pp. 141-163, viewed 5 Mar. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-1036112


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Hadžić, F. (2023) ‘Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology’, Journal of Economy Culture and Society, 0(68), pp. 141-163. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-1036112 (5 Mar. 2024).


MLA

Hadžić, Faruk,. Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology.” Journal of Economy Culture and Society, vol. 0, no. 68, 2023, pp. 141-163. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-1036112


Vancouver

Hadžić F. Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology. Journal of Economy Culture and Society [Internet]. 5 Mar. 2024 [cited 5 Mar. 2024];0(68):141-163. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-1036112 doi: 10.26650/JECS2021-1036112


ISNAD

Hadžić, Faruk. Post-Socialist Ethnic Symbolism, Suppression of Yugoslav Social Memory, and Radical Populism Psychology”. Journal of Economy Culture and Society 0/68 (Mar. 2024): 141-163. https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-1036112



TIMELINE


Submitted13.12.2021
Accepted15.05.2022
Published Online29.11.2023

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