Research Article


DOI :10.26650/JEPR1063845   IUP :10.26650/JEPR1063845    Full Text (PDF)

Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits

Hatime Kamilçelebi

Individuals’ reactions to the impacts of Covid-19 on their lives and their happiness may be different. The differences in personality traits of those individuals can be affected by uncertainty, restrictions, quarantine, measures, etc. within the pandemic environment. We investigate the extent to which they tend to behave in situations and to what extent their happiness differs. We estimate that the pandemic affects people’s happiness and that such situations may differ on the personality traits of people. To this end, we explain both how happiness changes during the pandemic and how individuals with certain personality traits are affected by the pandemic both socioeconomically and in terms of happiness, along with certain studies conducted so far and some of the data obtained from the World Database of Happiness. Unhappiness has increased in many countries due to the conditions brought by the pandemic, and this is often related to economic policies. Changes in the way individuals do business during the pandemic process, closing their workplaces due to restrictions, being unemployed, or increasing their workload are the most important factors that affect happiness. In general, those who were most negatively affected by the pandemic are women, the unemployed, and the poor, whom we can specify as the disadvantaged group even before the pandemic. With this study, we advise policymakers to consider happiness and personality traits when determining pandemic policy. 

JEL Classification : D01 , D31 , I31
DOI :10.26650/JEPR1063845   IUP :10.26650/JEPR1063845    Full Text (PDF)

COVID-19 Pandemisinin Mutluluk ve Sosyoekonomik Koşullar Üzerindeki Etkileri: Ülkeler ve Bireylerin Kişilik Özellikleri Arasındaki Farklılıklar

Hatime Kamilçelebi

Bireylerin Covid-19’un yaşamlarına etkisine verdikleri tepki ve mutluluklarına etkisi farklı olabilir. Bu bireylerin kişilik özelliklerindeki farklılıklar, pandemi ortamındaki belirsizlikten, kısıtlamalardan, karantinadan, önlemlerden vb. etkilenebilir. Bu çalışma bireylerin bu durumlarda nasıl davrandıklarını ve mutluluklarının ne derece farklı olduğunu araştırmaktadır. Pandeminin insanların mutluluğunu etkilediği ve bu durumun insanların kişilik özelliklerine göre de farklılaşabileceğini tahmin etmektedir. Bunun için hem yaşam memnuniyetinin pandemide nasıl değiştiği hem de belli kişilik özelliklerine sahip bireylerin pandemiden hem sosyoekonomik hem de mutluluk bakımından nasıl etkilendikleri bu zamana kadar yapılmış bazı çalışmalar ve bir kısmını Dünya Mutluluk Veritabanı’ndan (World Database of Happiness) alınan verilerle açıklanmaktadır. Pandeminin getirdiği koşullar nedeniyle çoğu ülkede mutsuzluk artmıştır ve bu genellikle ekonomi politikalarıyla ilgilidir. Pandemi sürecinde bireylerin iş yapış şekillerinde meydana gelen değişiklikler, kısıtlamalar nedeniyle işyerlerini kapatmaları, işsiz kalmaları veya iş yüklerinin artması mutluluğu etkileyen en önemli faktörlerdir. Genel olarak pandemiden en olumsuz etkilenenler, pandemi öncesinde de dezavantajlı grup olarak tanımlayabileceğimiz kadınlar, işsizler ve yoksullardır. Bu çalışma ile politika yapıcılara pandemi politikasını belirlerken mutluluk ve kişilik özelliklerini dikkate almaları önerilmektedir.  

JEL Classification : D01 , D31 , I31

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APA

Kamilçelebi, H. (2022). Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits. Journal of Economic Policy Researches, 9(2), 353-372. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1063845


AMA

Kamilçelebi H. Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits. Journal of Economic Policy Researches. 2022;9(2):353-372. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1063845


ABNT

Kamilçelebi, H. Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits. Journal of Economic Policy Researches, [Publisher Location], v. 9, n. 2, p. 353-372, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Kamilçelebi, Hatime,. 2022. “Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits.” Journal of Economic Policy Researches 9, no. 2: 353-372. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1063845


Chicago: Humanities Style

Kamilçelebi, Hatime,. Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits.” Journal of Economic Policy Researches 9, no. 2 (Oct. 2022): 353-372. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1063845


Harvard: Australian Style

Kamilçelebi, H 2022, 'Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits', Journal of Economic Policy Researches, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 353-372, viewed 5 Oct. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1063845


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Kamilçelebi, H. (2022) ‘Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits’, Journal of Economic Policy Researches, 9(2), pp. 353-372. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1063845 (5 Oct. 2022).


MLA

Kamilçelebi, Hatime,. Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits.” Journal of Economic Policy Researches, vol. 9, no. 2, 2022, pp. 353-372. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1063845


Vancouver

Kamilçelebi H. Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits. Journal of Economic Policy Researches [Internet]. 5 Oct. 2022 [cited 5 Oct. 2022];9(2):353-372. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1063845 doi: 10.26650/JEPR1063845


ISNAD

Kamilçelebi, Hatime. Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Happiness and Socioeconomic Conditions: Differences Across Countries and Individuals' Personality Traits”. Journal of Economic Policy Researches 9/2 (Oct. 2022): 353-372. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1063845



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Submitted27.01.2022
Accepted12.06.2022
Published Online29.07.2022

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