Research Article


DOI :10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419   IUP :10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419    Full Text (PDF)

Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland

Joanna Rak

Embedded in the theory of political gnosticism and drawing upon a qualitative content analysis of 246 pieces of news released by state media, this article examines a means of legitimating anti-democratic measures deployed during the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic in Poland. The research aims to identify and explain the nature and origins of justification frames for quasi-militant democracy. The main argument is that journalists of the most popular state television, TVP Info, used political gnosticism to legitimate quasi-militant democracy. They exploited fears of losing one’s life and health to convince citizens that the limitations of civil liberties are germane to survival and development. The research shows that the occurrence of all essential components of political gnosticism, used to justify anti-democratic actions in state media, is one of the indicators of anti-democratic changes in the political structure. It also provides insight regarding the theory of democratic erosion at a level of freedom of the press by offering evidence confirming the counter-democratic nature of quasi-militant democratic consolidation. 


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APA

Rak, J. (2021). Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, 30(2), 207-224. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419


AMA

Rak J. Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences. 2021;30(2):207-224. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419


ABNT

Rak, J. Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, [Publisher Location], v. 30, n. 2, p. 207-224, 2021.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Rak, Joanna,. 2021. “Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland.” Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences 30, no. 2: 207-224. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419


Chicago: Humanities Style

Rak, Joanna,. Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland.” Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences 30, no. 2 (Dec. 2021): 207-224. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419


Harvard: Australian Style

Rak, J 2021, 'Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland', Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 207-224, viewed 9 Dec. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Rak, J. (2021) ‘Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland’, Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, 30(2), pp. 207-224. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419 (9 Dec. 2021).


MLA

Rak, Joanna,. Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland.” Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, vol. 30, no. 2, 2021, pp. 207-224. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419


Vancouver

Rak J. Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences [Internet]. 9 Dec. 2021 [cited 9 Dec. 2021];30(2):207-224. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419 doi: 10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419


ISNAD

Rak, Joanna. Partisan Journalists on Duty: Political Gnosticism as a Means of Legitimating Quasi-militant Democracy in Crisis-driven Poland”. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences 30/2 (Dec. 2021): 207-224. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.979419



TIMELINE


Submitted05.08.2021
Accepted25.10.2021
Published Online31.10.2021

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