Review Article


DOI :10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007   IUP :10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007    Full Text (PDF)

Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran

Sarasadat MakianFarid Hanifezadeh

Iran is a rich country in terms of natural, historical, and cultural resources appropriate for ecotourism development. Despite its many valuable attractions and growth potential, Iranian ecotourism has faced various problems that have slowed or even prevented its expansion. Thus, in order to plan to address these challenges, we need to identify them. This study highlights the challenges of Iranian ecotourism and identifies areas where further research is required by reviewing some of the previous studies on Iran’s ecotourism. Based on a literature review and thematic analysis, six different categories of challenges are presented: governance and planning, political, socio-economic, cultural; legal aspects; infrastructure; community awareness and knowledge; and environmental challenges. The study results indicated that the most significant challenges facing the Iranian ecotourism industry are governance, management, and planning issues. The research findings enhance our understanding of the current challenges of ecotourism in Iran that need to be rigorously investigated in the future and before any development planning projects. This study provides valuable insights for researchers, managers, and tourism officials on the development of Iranian ecotourism, which can be considered for future studies and planning.


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APA

Makian, S., & Hanifezadeh, F. (2021). Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran. Journal of Tourismology, 7(1), 123-140. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007


AMA

Makian S, Hanifezadeh F. Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran. Journal of Tourismology. 2021;7(1):123-140. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007


ABNT

Makian, S.; Hanifezadeh, F. Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran. Journal of Tourismology, [Publisher Location], v. 7, n. 1, p. 123-140, 2021.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Makian, Sarasadat, and Farid Hanifezadeh. 2021. “Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran.” Journal of Tourismology 7, no. 1: 123-140. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007


Chicago: Humanities Style

Makian, Sarasadat, and Farid Hanifezadeh. Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran.” Journal of Tourismology 7, no. 1 (Sep. 2021): 123-140. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007


Harvard: Australian Style

Makian, S & Hanifezadeh, F 2021, 'Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran', Journal of Tourismology, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 123-140, viewed 23 Sep. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Makian, S. and Hanifezadeh, F. (2021) ‘Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran’, Journal of Tourismology, 7(1), pp. 123-140. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007 (23 Sep. 2021).


MLA

Makian, Sarasadat, and Farid Hanifezadeh. Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran.” Journal of Tourismology, vol. 7, no. 1, 2021, pp. 123-140. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007


Vancouver

Makian S, Hanifezadeh F. Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran. Journal of Tourismology [Internet]. 23 Sep. 2021 [cited 23 Sep. 2021];7(1):123-140. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007 doi: 10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007


ISNAD

Makian, Sarasadat - Hanifezadeh, Farid. Current challenges facing ecotourism development in Iran”. Journal of Tourismology 7/1 (Sep. 2021): 123-140. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2021.7.1.0007



TIMELINE


Submitted18.11.2020
Accepted10.03.2021
Published Online30.06.2021

LICENCE


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