Research Article

DOI :10.26650/jot.2023.9.1.1317899   IUP :10.26650/jot.2023.9.1.1317899    Full Text (PDF)

The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food

Hilal GündoğanHilmi Bahadır Akın

Since local food is considered essential to attract tourists to a destination, we focused on a number of negative and positive factors influencing the local food purchasing decision. In this context, the purpose of this study is to determine the effect of food neophobia, variety seeking and food consumption motivation on the intention to purchase local food through quantitative research. The data were obtained from 655 international tourists visiting Istanbul between May-August 2021 through a face-to-face survey and analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), which validates the use of partial least squares (PLS). The results indicate that food neophobia, variety seeking, and food consumption motivation have a significant effect on the intention to purchase local food. Consequently, theoretical and practical recommendations were presented in line with the findings.

PDF View


  • Ahmad, M. S., Jamil, A., Latif, K. F., Ramayah, T., Leen, Y. J. A., Memon, M., & Ullah, R. (2019). Using food choice motives to model Pakistani ethnic food purchase intention among tourists, British Food Journal, 122(6), 1731-1753. google scholar
  • Aqueveque, C. (2015). Intention to try unfamiliar food: the role of level and type of unfamiliarity, food neophobia, and ethnocentrism, Journal of Food Products Marketing, 21, 244-254. google scholar
  • Ares, G. (2011). Non-sensory factors which influence choice behavior of foods that have a positive effect on health. In R. P., Victor, R. R., Watson & C. R. Martin (Eds.), Handbook of Behavior, Food and Nutrition (pp. 757-770). New York: Springer Publishing. google scholar
  • Asperin, A. E., Phillips, W. J., & Wolfe, K. (2011). Exploring food neophobia and perceptions of ethnic foods: the case of chinese and thai cuisines, Colorado USA: University of Massachusetts Amherst. google scholar
  • Au, N., & Law, R. (2002). Categorical Classifaction of Tourism Dining, Annals of Tourism Research, 29(3), 819-833. google scholar
  • Barrena, R., & Sanchez, M. (2012). Neophobia, Personal consumer values and novel food acceptance, Food Quality and Preference, 27, 72-84. google scholar
  • Barroso, C. C., Martin, E. A, & Martin, R. D. (2007). The influence of market heterogeneity on the relationship between a destination’s image and tourists’ future behaviour, Tourism Management, 28(1), 175-187. google scholar
  • Beldona, S., Moreo, A. P., Mundhra, G. D. (2010). The role of involvement and variety-seeking in eating out behaviors, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 22(3), 433-444. google scholar
  • Bianchi, C. (2017). Exploring urban consumers’ attitudes and ıntentions to purchase local food in Chile, Journal of Food Products Marketing, 23(5), 553-569. google scholar
  • Bigne, E. J., Sanchez, I., & Andreu, L. (2009). The role of variety seeking in short and long run revisit intentions in holiday destinations, International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 3(2), 103-115. google scholar
  • Bon, M., & Hussain, M. (2010). Halal food and tourism: prospects and challenges, Tourism in the Muslim World: Bridging Tourism Theory and Practice, 2, 47-59. google scholar
  • Chen, Q., & Huang, R. (2019). Understanding the role of local food in sustaining Chinese destinations, Current Issues in Tourism, 22(5), 544-560. google scholar
  • Choi, J. (2016). Consumer impulse buying of food at festivals and events: understanding the role of sensory cues (Doctoral dissertation, Kansas State University). Retrieved from google scholar
  • Choi, J. (2019). Tourist food variety-seeking behavior under uncertainty: the moderating role of information search, Journal of Food Products Marketing, 25(9), 944-960. google scholar
  • Choi, J., & Jeon, H. H. (2020). Are all asian tourists the same? chinese versus japanese dining satisfaction, British Food Journal, 122(11): 3529-3545. google scholar
  • Cohen, E. (1988). Authenticity and commoditization in Tourism, Annals of Tourism Research, 15(3), 371-386. google scholar
  • Cohen, E., & Avieli, N. (2004). Food in tourism: attraction and impediment, Annals of Tourism Research, 31(4), 755-778. google scholar
  • Conoly, Y. K., Massow, M. V., & Lee, Y. M. (2023). Predicting locally grown food purchase intention of domestic and International undergraduate hospitality management students at a Canadian university, International Hospitality Review, 37(1), 8-27. google scholar
  • Cui, H. J., Kim-Shyan, F., & Zhao, T. Y. (2019). Regulatory focus and message framing’s effects on intention to consume ethnic food in China, British Food Journal, 122(6), 1969-1982. google scholar
  • Cui, H. J., Yao, F. Jin, X. T., Zhao, T. Y., & Xu, W. (2021). Effect of regulatory focus on food variety-seeking behavior of chinese tourists, Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 1-24. google scholar
  • Derinalp Çanakçı, S., & Bildir, K. (2020). The relation among food involvement, food variety seeking and food neophobia: A study on foreign tourists visiting Turkey, Current Issues in Tourism, 23(8), 917-928. google scholar
  • Dimitrovski, D., & Crespi-Vallbona, M. (2017). Role of food neophilia in food market tourists’ motivational construct: the case of La Boqueria in Barcelona, Spain, Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, 34(4), 475-487. google scholar
  • Dommguez-Quintero, A. M., Gonzalez-Rodriguez, M. R., & Paddison, B. (2020). The mediating role of experience quality on authenticity and satisfaction in the context of cultural-heritage tourism, Current Issues in Tourism, 23(2), 248-260. google scholar
  • Eertmans, A., Victoir, A., Vansant G., & Bergh, Ö. V. (2005). Food-related personality traits, food choice motives and food intake: mediator and moderator relationships, Food Quality and Preference, 16, 714-726. google scholar
  • Farmaki, A. (2012). An exploration of tourist motivation in rural settings: the case of Troodos, Cyprus, Tourism Management Perspectives, 2(3), 72-78. google scholar
  • Fields, K. (2002). Demand for the gastronomy tourism products: motivational factors. In A. M., Hjalager & G. Richards (Eds.), Tourism and Gastronomy (pp. 36-50), London: Routledge. google scholar
  • Flight, I., Leppard, P., David N. C. (2003). Food neophobia and associations with cultural diversity and socio-economic status amongst rural and urban australian adolescents, Appetite, 41, 51-59. google scholar
  • Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error, Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39-50. google scholar
  • Frewer, L. J (2012). Risk perception, communication and food safety. In H., Alpas, M., Smith & A. Kulmyrzaev (Eds.), Strategies for Achieving Food Security in Central Asia (pp. 123-141). Bishkek: Springer. google scholar
  • Frewer, L.J. (2017). Consumer acceptance and rejection of emerging agrifood technologies and their applications, European Review of Agricultural Economics, 1-22. google scholar
  • Frisvoll, S., Forbord, M., & Blekesaune, A. (2016). An empirical investigation of Tourists’ consumption of local food in rural tourism, Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 16(1), 76-93. google scholar
  • Ghanem, M. S. (2019) The behavioral ıntention of tourists toward local foods: an applied research on the local foods served in Egyptian Siwa Oasis, Journal of Service Science and Management, 12, 714-741. google scholar
  • Gonzalez, A. F., Catherine, C., & Washburn, I. J. (2020). factors in tourists’ food decision processes: a us-based case study, Journal of Tourism Analysis, Revista de Anâlisis Turistico, 27(1), 2-19. google scholar
  • Goukens, C., Dewitte, S., Pandelaere, M., & Warlop, L. (2007). Wanting abit (e) of everything: extending the valuation effect of variety seeking, Journal of Consumer Research, 34(3), 386-394. google scholar
  • Ha, J., & Jang, S.S. (2013). Determinants of diners’ variety seeking intentions, Journal of Services Marketing, 27(2), 155-165. google scholar
  • Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis (7th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall. google scholar
  • Hair, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C. M., Sarstedt, M. (2017). A Primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) (2nd ed.). Los Angeles: Sage. google scholar
  • Hair, J. F., Risher, J. J., Sarstedt, M., & Ringle, C. M. (2019). When to use and how to report the results of PLS-SEM, European Business Review, 31(1), 2-24. google scholar
  • Halverstadt, B. (2017). Variety effects and motivated behavior: the effects of reward flavor variety on instrumental actions in rats (Master’s thesis). Available from Proquest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No:10592333) google scholar
  • Henseler, J. Hubona, G., & Ray, P. A. (2016). Using PLS path modeling in new technology research: updated guidelines, Industrial Management & Data Systems, 116(1), 2-20. google scholar
  • Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., & Sinkovics, R. R. (2009). The use of partial least square path modelling in international marketing. In P. R., Sinkovics, & P. N. Ghauri (Eds.), Advances in International Marketing (pp. 277-319). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing. google scholar
  • Hsu, F. C., Robinson, R. N. S., Scott, N. (2018). Traditional food consumption behaviour: the case of taiwan, Tourism Recreation Research, 43(4), 456-469. google scholar
  • Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1998). Fit indices in covariance structure modeling: sensitivity to underparameterized model misspecification, Psychological Methods, 3(4), 424-453. google scholar
  • Huang, L., Bai, L., Zhang, X., & Gong, S. (2019). Re-understanding the antecedents of functional foods purchase: mediating effect of purchase attitude and moderating effect of food neophobia, Food Quality and Preference, 73, 266-275. google scholar
  • Hult, G. T. M., Hair, J. F., Proksch, D., Sarstedt, M., Pinkwart, A., & Ringle, C. M. (2018). Addressing endogeneity in international marketing applications of partial least squares structural equation modeling, Journal of International Marketing, 26(3), 1-21. google scholar
  • Hwang, J., & Lin, T. N. (2010). Effects of FN, familiarity, and nutrition information on consumer acceptance of asian menu items, Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 19(2), 171-187. google scholar
  • Jaeger, S. R., Roigard, C. M., Hunter, D. C., & Worch, T. (2021). Importance of food choice motives vary with degree of food neophobia, Appetite, 159, 105056. google scholar
  • Jang, S. S., & Feng, R. (2007). Temporal destination revisit intention: the effects of novelty seeking and satisfaction, Tourism Management, 28, 580-590. google scholar
  • Ji, M.W., Wong, I.A., Eves, A., & Scarles, C. (2016). Food-related personality traits and the moderating role of novelty-seeking in food satisfaction and travel outcomes, Tourism Management, 57, 387-396. google scholar
  • Johnson, S. L., Moding, K. J., & Bellows, L. (2018). Children’s challenging eating behaviors: picky eating, food neophobia, and food selectivity. In J., Lumeng, & J. Fisher (Eds.), Food Preferences and Eating Behaviors (pp. 53-75). Pediatric India: Academic Press. google scholar
  • Kashif, U., Naseem, S., Khan, W. A., & Hong, C. (2021). Assessment of millennial organic food consumption and moderating role of food neophobia in Pakistan, Current Psychology, 1-12. google scholar
  • Kastenholz, E., Eusebio, C., & Joao, M. (2016). Purchase of local products within the rural tourist experience context, Tourism Economics, 22(4), 729-748. google scholar
  • Khanna, S., & Bhagat, S. (2021). The effect of food neophobia and motivation on ethnic food consumption intention: an empirical evidence from Jammu region, International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Systems, 14, 1, 67-78. google scholar
  • Kim, Y. G., Eves, A., & Scarles, C. (2009). Building a model of local food consumption on trips and holidays: a grounded theory approach, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 28(3), 423-431. google scholar
  • Kim, Y. G., Eves, A., & Scarles, C. (2013). Empirical verification of a conceptual model of local food consumption at a tourist destination, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 33, 484-489. google scholar
  • Kim, Y. G., Suh, B. W & Eves, A. (2010). The relationships between food-related personality traits, satisfaction, and loyalty among visit or sattending food events and festivals, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 29, 2, 216-226. google scholar
  • Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling, New York: The Guilford Press. google scholar
  • Kwun, D. J. W., Hwang, J. H., & Kim, T. H. (2013). Eating-out motivations and variety-seeking behavior: an explorat or approach on loyalty behavior, Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management, 22(3), 289-312. google scholar
  • La Barbera, F., Verneaua, F., Amatoa, M., & Grunert, K. (2018). Understanding westerners’ disgust for the eating of insects: the role of food neophobia and implicit association, Food Quality and Preference, 64, 120-125. google scholar
  • Lacap, J. P. G. (2016). The effects of food-related motivation, local food involvement, and food satisfaction on destination loyalty: the case of Angeles city, Philippines, Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research, 7(2), 238-257. google scholar
  • Legoherel, P., Dauce, B., & Hsu, C. H. C. (2012). Divergence in variety seeking: An exploratory study among international travelers in Asia, Journal of Global Marketing, 25(4), 213-225. google scholar
  • Lenglet, F. (2018). FNS or the varseek-scale? proposals for a valid operationalization of neophilia, Food Quality and Preference, 66, 76-84. google scholar
  • Liu, B., Kan, X. L., & Zhong-Nuan, C. (2017). Research on the tourist food consumption: a case study of Chengdu, Human Geography, 32(2), 23-29. google scholar
  • Lopez-Guzman, T., Lopez, A. L. S., Perez Galvez, J. C., & Âlvarez, S. D. C. (2017). Food motivations in a tourist destination: north american tourists visiting the city of Cuenca, Ecuador, Journal of International Food and Agribusiness Marketing, 29(4), 308-327. google scholar
  • Madaleno, A., Eusebio, C., & Varum, C. (2017). Purchase of local food products during trips by international visitors, International Journal of Tourism Research, 20, 115-125. google scholar
  • Mak, A. H. N., Lumbers, M., Eves, A., & Chang, R. C. Y. (2012). Factors influencing tourist food consumption, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31, 928-936. google scholar
  • Mak, A. H. N., Lumbers, M., Eves, A., & Chang, R. C. Y. (2017). The effects of food-related personality traits on tourist food consumption motivations, Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 22(1), 1-20. google scholar
  • Mascarello, G., Pinto, A., Rizzoli, V., Tiozzo, B., Crovato, S., Ravarotto, L. (2020). Ethnic food consumption in Italy: The role of food neophobia and openness to different cultures, Foods, 9(2), 1-13. google scholar
  • McAlister, L., & Pessemier, E. (1982). Variety seeking behavior: an interdisciplinary review, Journal of Consumer Research, 9, 311-322. google scholar
  • McFarlane, T., & Pliner, P. (1997). Increasing willingness to taste novel foods: effects of nutrition and taste information, Appetite, 28, 227-238. google scholar
  • Meiselman, H. L., King, S. C., & Gillette, M. (2010). The demographics of neophobia in a large commercial US sample, Food Quality and Preference, 21(7), 893-897. google scholar
  • Mgonja, J. T., Backman, K. F., Backman, S. J., Moore D. D., & Hallo, J. C. (2017). A structural model to assess international visitors’ perceptions about local foods in Tanzania, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25, 796-816. google scholar
  • Min K., & Hong, W. (2021). The effect of food sustainability and the food safety climate on the job stress, job satisfaction and job commitment of kitchen staff, Sustainability, 13, 1-18 google scholar
  • Molz, J. G. (2004). Tasting an imagined Thailand: authenticity and culinary tourism in Thai restaurants. In L. M. Long (Ed.), Culinary Tourism (pp.53-75). Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. google scholar
  • Nie, C., & Zepeda, L. (2011). Lifestyle segmentation of US food shoppers to examine organic and local food consumption, Appetite, 57(1), 28-37. google scholar
  • Olabi, A., Najm, N. E. O., Baghdadi, O. K., & Morton, J. M. (2009). Food neophobia levels of lebanese and american college students, Food Quality and Preference, 20, 353-362. google scholar
  • Onozaka, Y., Nurse, G., & McFadden, D. T. (2010). Local food consumers: how motivations and perceptions translate to buying behavior, Choices: The Magazine of Food, Farm and Resource Issues, 25(1), 1-6. google scholar
  • Pauperio, A., Severo, M., Lopes, C., Moreira, P., Cooke, L., Oliveira, A. (2014). Could the FN scale be adapted to pregnant women? a confirmatory factor analysis in a portuguese sample, Appetite, 75, 110-116. google scholar
  • Pliner, P., & Hobden, K. (1992). Development of a scale to measure the trait of food neophobia in humans, Appetite, 19(2), 105-120. google scholar
  • Pliner, P., & Salvy, S. J. (2006). Food neophobia in humans. In R., Shepherd, M. Raats, (Eds.), The Psychology of Food Choice (pp. 75-92). UK: CABI. google scholar
  • Pourfakhimi, S., Nadim, Z., Prayag, G., & Mulcahy, R. (2021). The influence of neophobia and enduring food involvement on travelers’ perceptions of wellbeing: evidence from international visitors to İran, International Journal of Tourism Research, 23(2), 178-191. google scholar
  • Promsivapallop, P., & Kannaovakun, P. (2020). Factors influencing tourists’ destination food consumption and satisfaction: a cross-cultural analysis, Asia-Pacific Social Science Review, 20(2,) 87-105. google scholar
  • Ritchey, P. N., Frank, R. A., Hursti, U. K., Tuorila, H. (2003). Validation and cross-national comparison of the food neophobia scale (FNS) using confirmatory factor analysis, Appetite, 40, 163-173. google scholar
  • Ryu, K., & Jang, S. S. (2006). Intention to experience local cuisine in a travel destination: the modified theory of reasoned action, Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research, 30(4), 507-516. google scholar
  • Samant, S. S., Hanson, A. D., Asare, R., Nichols, D. S., Nna-Mba, J. P., & Seo, H. S. (2017). effects of food neophobia on visual attention and sensory acceptance of ethnic-flavored foods, Culture and Brain, 6(1), 53-70. google scholar
  • Sathiankomsorakrai, T., Tiwasing, A., & Suwan, P. (2021). The role of tourist motivations towards purchase intention of local food in Thailand, Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 20(2), 1-12. google scholar
  • Shenoy, S. S. (2005). Food tourism and the culinary tourist (Master’s thesis). Available from Proquest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No: 3201058) google scholar
  • Siegrist, M., Hartmann, C., & Keller, C. (2013). Antecedents of food neophobia and its association with eating behavior and food choices, Food Quality and Preference, 30, 293-298. google scholar
  • Siegrist, M., Stampfli, N., Kastenholz, H., & Keller, C. (2008). Perceived risks and perceived benefits of different nanotechnology foods and nanotechnology food packaging, Appetite, 51, 283-290. google scholar
  • Silkes, C.A. (2012). Farmers’ markets: a case for culinary tourism, Journal of Culinary Science & Technology, 10, 326-336. google scholar
  • Sims, R. (2009). Food, place and authenticity: local food and the sustainable tourism experience, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 17(3), 321-336. google scholar
  • Sivrikaya, K. K., & Pekerşen, Y. (2020). The impact of food neophobia and sensation seeking of foreign tourists on the purchase intention of traditional Turkish food, International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, 21, 1-8. google scholar
  • Skuras, D., Dimara, E., & Petrou, A. (2006). Rural tourism and visitors’ expenditures for local food products, Regional Studies, 40(7), 769-779. google scholar
  • Steenkamp J. B. E. M., & Baumgartner, H. (1992). The role of optimum stimulation level in exploratory consumer behavior, Journal of Consumer Research, 19, 434-448. google scholar
  • Sthapit, E. (2017). Exploring tourists’ memorable food experiences: a study of visitors to santa’s official hometown, Anatolia, 28(3), 404-421. google scholar
  • Sthapit, E., Piramanayayagam, S., & Björk, P. (2020). Tourists’ motivations, emotions, and memorable local food experiences, Journal of Gastronomy and Tourism, 5, 17-32. google scholar
  • Tian, J., Zhang, Y., & Zhang, C. (2018). Predicting consumer variety-seeking through weather data analytics, Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 28, 194-207. google scholar
  • Tomassini, L., Staffieri, S., & Cavagnaro, E. (2021). Local food consumption and practice theory: a case study on guests’ motivations and understanding, Research in Hospitality Management, 11, 2, 93-100. google scholar
  • Tse, P., & Crotts, J. C. (2005). Antecedents of novelty seeking: international visitors’ propensity to experiment across hong kong‘s culinary traditions, Tourism Management, 26, 965-968. google scholar
  • Vermeir, I., Weijters, B., De Houwer, J., Geuens, M., Slabbinck, H., Spruyt, A., Van Kerckhove, A., Van Lippevelde, W., De Steur, H., & Verbeke, W. (2020), Environmentally sustainable food consumption: a review and research agenda from a goal-directed perspective, Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1-24. google scholar
  • Wan Zainal Shukri, W. H. (2017). Unfamiliar food consumption among western tourists in malaysia: development of the integrated model (Doctoral dissertation). University of Surrey, Guildford. google scholar
  • Warde, A., Martens, L., & Olsen, W. (1999). Consumption and the problem of variety: cultural omnivorousness, social distinctions and dining out, Sociology, 33(1), 105-127. google scholar
  • Wiriyapinit, S. (2017). An Analysis of the push and pull travel motivations of tourists on sport tourism associated with golf in Hua Hin Thailand (Doctoral dissertation). United States Sports Academy, Alabama. google scholar
  • Wolff, K., & Larsen, S. (2019). Are food-neophobic tourists avoiding destinations?, Annals of Tourism Research, 76, 346-349. google scholar
  • Yazıcıoğlu, Y., & Erdoğan, S. (2014). SPSS uygulamalı bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri [Applied scientific research methods]. Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık. google scholar
  • Youn, H., & Kim, J. H. (2017). Effects of ingredients, names and stories about food origins on perceived authenticity and purchase intentions, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 63, 11-21. google scholar


Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format



Gündoğan, H., & Akın, H.B. (2023). The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food. Journal of Tourismology, 9(1), 50-61.


Gündoğan H, Akın H B. The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food. Journal of Tourismology. 2023;9(1):50-61.


Gündoğan, H.; Akın, H.B. The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food. Journal of Tourismology, [Publisher Location], v. 9, n. 1, p. 50-61, 2023.

Chicago: Author-Date Style

Gündoğan, Hilal, and Hilmi Bahadır Akın. 2023. “The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food.” Journal of Tourismology 9, no. 1: 50-61.

Chicago: Humanities Style

Gündoğan, Hilal, and Hilmi Bahadır Akın. The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food.” Journal of Tourismology 9, no. 1 (Jul. 2024): 50-61.

Harvard: Australian Style

Gündoğan, H & Akın, HB 2023, 'The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food', Journal of Tourismology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 50-61, viewed 20 Jul. 2024,

Harvard: Author-Date Style

Gündoğan, H. and Akın, H.B. (2023) ‘The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food’, Journal of Tourismology, 9(1), pp. 50-61. (20 Jul. 2024).


Gündoğan, Hilal, and Hilmi Bahadır Akın. The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food.” Journal of Tourismology, vol. 9, no. 1, 2023, pp. 50-61. [Database Container],


Gündoğan H, Akın HB. The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food. Journal of Tourismology [Internet]. 20 Jul. 2024 [cited 20 Jul. 2024];9(1):50-61. Available from: doi: 10.26650/jot.2023.9.1.1317899


Gündoğan, Hilal - Akın, HilmiBahadır. The Effect of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking, and Food Consumption Motivation on Intention to Purchase Local Food”. Journal of Tourismology 9/1 (Jul. 2024): 50-61.


Published Online04.09.2023


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.