Research Article


DOI :10.26650/oba.1144230   IUP :10.26650/oba.1144230    Full Text (PDF)

The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology

Pauline Lewis

This article examines the relationship between the Ottoman Telegraph Administration and the Eastern Telegraph Company, a British firm that built and managed the majority of the empire’s submarine telegraph cables. With telegraph stations along the empire’s shores, this company came to play a central role in intra- and trans-imperial communication. While on a superficial level the company appears to have controlled the underwater infrastructure in the empire, an examination of how the technology was actually operated reveals another story. By connecting company records with sources from the imperial administration from the 1860s until World War One, this article argues that the submarine telegraph network prompted an entangled relationship between the Ottoman state and the foreign company, whereby Ottoman actors affected company practice and the company mediated the Ottoman state’s emergence as a telegraphic power.

DOI :10.26650/oba.1144230   IUP :10.26650/oba.1144230    Full Text (PDF)

Ondokuzuncu Yüzyılın Sonunda Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda Şark Telgraf Kumpanyası: İmparatorluk ve Yabancı Teknolojinin Bir Tarihçesi

Pauline Lewis

Bu makale Osmanlı telgraf teşkilatı ile, imparatorluğun denizaltı telgraf ağının büyük kısmını inşa eden ve işleten İngiliz firması Şark Telgraf Kumpanyası (Eastern Telegraph Company) arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektedir. İmparatorluk kıyılarında kurulan telgraf istasyonları üzerinden bu şirket, imparatorluk içi ve dışı iletişim hizmetlerinde merkezi bir rol oynamıştır. Her ne kadar şirket, imparatorluğun denizaltı kablo ağının altyapısında söz sahibi olmuş gibi görünse de, teknolojinin fiilen nasıl uygulandığı incelendiğinde, durumun farklı olduğu anlaşılır. 1860lardan başlayan ve Birinci Dünya Savaşı’na kadar uzanan süre içinde şirket kayıtları ile imparatorluk kaynaklarının birlikte inceleyen bu çalışma, denizaltı kablo ağının Osmanlı devleti ile yabancı şirket arasında girift bir ilişkiye sebep olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır. Bu ilişki çerçevesinde, Osmanlı yöneticileri şirketin uygulamaları üzerinde etkili olurken, şirket de Osmanlı Devleti’nin telgraf alanında bir güç olarak doğmasına aracı olmuştur.


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APA

Lewis, P. (2023). The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology. Studies in Ottoman Science, 24(1), 1-32. https://doi.org/10.26650/oba.1144230


AMA

Lewis P. The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology. Studies in Ottoman Science. 2023;24(1):1-32. https://doi.org/10.26650/oba.1144230


ABNT

Lewis, P. The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology. Studies in Ottoman Science, [Publisher Location], v. 24, n. 1, p. 1-32, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Lewis, Pauline,. 2023. “The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology.” Studies in Ottoman Science 24, no. 1: 1-32. https://doi.org/10.26650/oba.1144230


Chicago: Humanities Style

Lewis, Pauline,. The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology.” Studies in Ottoman Science 24, no. 1 (Feb. 2023): 1-32. https://doi.org/10.26650/oba.1144230


Harvard: Australian Style

Lewis, P 2023, 'The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology', Studies in Ottoman Science, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 1-32, viewed 1 Feb. 2023, https://doi.org/10.26650/oba.1144230


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Lewis, P. (2023) ‘The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology’, Studies in Ottoman Science, 24(1), pp. 1-32. https://doi.org/10.26650/oba.1144230 (1 Feb. 2023).


MLA

Lewis, Pauline,. The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology.” Studies in Ottoman Science, vol. 24, no. 1, 2023, pp. 1-32. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/oba.1144230


Vancouver

Lewis P. The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology. Studies in Ottoman Science [Internet]. 1 Feb. 2023 [cited 1 Feb. 2023];24(1):1-32. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/oba.1144230 doi: 10.26650/oba.1144230


ISNAD

Lewis, Pauline. The Eastern Telegraph Company in the Ottoman Empire at the End of the Nineteenth Century: A History of Imperial and Foreign Technology”. Studies in Ottoman Science 24/1 (Feb. 2023): 1-32. https://doi.org/10.26650/oba.1144230



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Submitted15.07.2022
Accepted01.10.2022
Published Online06.01.2022

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