Research Article


DOI :10.26650/YTA2024-1430261   IUP :10.26650/YTA2024-1430261    Full Text (PDF)

The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979)

Hulusi Köse

The concept of the modern Middle East originated in the 19th century due to the colonial ambitions of Western nations. Since then, the Middle East has been a battleground for Western powers seeking to assert control over its political, strategic, and economic interests. This study examines the historical construction of the “Middle East” concept, focusing on the period between 1878 and 1979 as a critical juncture. It analyzes how this construction shaped the perception of the region in Western public opinion. The article is divided into two main parts. The first part examines how the Middle East was perceived as a geographical, sociological, and political asset for specific political goals in the modern era. It then analyzes the events that shaped the concept of the Middle East from the late 19th century to the late 20th century within this ideological framework. The focus is not on providing a chronological account of Middle Eastern developments in the modern era but on assessing how the events between 1878 and 1979 have influenced the Western public’s perception of the “Middle East” today.

DOI :10.26650/YTA2024-1430261   IUP :10.26650/YTA2024-1430261    Full Text (PDF)

Orta Doğu Kavramı ve Orta Doğu’nun Tarihsel Kırılma Noktaları (1878-1979)

Hulusi Köse

Modern Orta Doğu kavramı, 19. yüzyılda Batı devletlerinin kolonyal gündemlerinin bir sonucu olarak ortaya çıkmıştır. O tarihten günümüze kadar Orta Doğu toprakları, Batılı güçlerin siyasi, stratejik ve iktisadi amaçları ekseninde hâkimiyet kurma çabalarına sahne olmuştur. Bu çalışmada, Orta Doğu kavramının nasıl ortaya çıktığı ve 1878-1979 yılları arasında Orta Doğu’nun tarihsel kırılma noktaları ile bunun Batı kamuoyu algısına etkisi incelenecektir. Makale, temelde iki ana bölümden oluşmaktadır. İlk bölümde; belirli siyasal amaçlar doğrultusunda Orta Doğu’nun coğrafi, sosyolojik ve politik bir imkân olarak modern dönemde nasıl kavramsallaştırıldığı ele alınmaktadır. Ardından 19. yüzyılın son çeyreğinden 20. yüzyılın ilk üç çeyreğine dek, zihinlerdeki Orta Doğu kurgusunun şekillenmesine yol açan gelişmeler, bu düşünsel bağlam içinde değerlendirilmektir. Burada amaçlanan Orta Doğu olarak nitelenen bölgedeki gelişmelerin modern dönemde kronolojik bir dökümünü yapmak değildir. Bunun yerine 1878-1979 yılları arasında yaşanan gelişmelerin, günümüzde özellikle Batı kamuoyunun zihninde oluşturduğu “Orta Doğu” algısına etkisi incelenecektir.


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APA

Köse, H. (2024). The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979). Recent Period Turkish Studies, 0(45), 1-26. https://doi.org/10.26650/YTA2024-1430261


AMA

Köse H. The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979). Recent Period Turkish Studies. 2024;0(45):1-26. https://doi.org/10.26650/YTA2024-1430261


ABNT

Köse, H. The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979). Recent Period Turkish Studies, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 45, p. 1-26, 2024.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Köse, Hulusi,. 2024. “The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979).” Recent Period Turkish Studies 0, no. 45: 1-26. https://doi.org/10.26650/YTA2024-1430261


Chicago: Humanities Style

Köse, Hulusi,. The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979).” Recent Period Turkish Studies 0, no. 45 (Jul. 2024): 1-26. https://doi.org/10.26650/YTA2024-1430261


Harvard: Australian Style

Köse, H 2024, 'The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979)', Recent Period Turkish Studies, vol. 0, no. 45, pp. 1-26, viewed 24 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/YTA2024-1430261


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Köse, H. (2024) ‘The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979)’, Recent Period Turkish Studies, 0(45), pp. 1-26. https://doi.org/10.26650/YTA2024-1430261 (24 Jul. 2024).


MLA

Köse, Hulusi,. The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979).” Recent Period Turkish Studies, vol. 0, no. 45, 2024, pp. 1-26. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/YTA2024-1430261


Vancouver

Köse H. The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979). Recent Period Turkish Studies [Internet]. 24 Jul. 2024 [cited 24 Jul. 2024];0(45):1-26. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/YTA2024-1430261 doi: 10.26650/YTA2024-1430261


ISNAD

Köse, Hulusi. The Concept of the Middle East and the Historical Breaking Points of the Middle East (1878-1979)”. Recent Period Turkish Studies 0/45 (Jul. 2024): 1-26. https://doi.org/10.26650/YTA2024-1430261



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Submitted01.02.2024
Accepted28.05.2024
Published Online05.07.2024

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