Review


DOI :10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400   IUP :10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400    Full Text (PDF)

Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists

Erol BozboraKağan AvcıMurat Ulusan

Novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has spread rapidly worldwide and penetrated most of the countries in a short time period, affecting millions of individuals. Otolaryngologists are on the frontlines of this pandemic. In this review, we discuss clinical symptoms concerning the ear, nose and throat (ENT) field. There are various clinical presentations of COVID-19 ranging from asymptomatic or mild disease to severe disease, causing pneumonia, multi-organ dysfunction, and death. Fever, cough, and fatigue are the most common symptoms of the disease. Dysfunctions in smell and taste have been also frequently reported. Questioning individuals for these dysfunctions may be a part of routine examination procedures of COVID-19 in the imminent future. In addition, unusual presentations have been reported from many countries. What is crucial about these rare presentations is that otolaryngologists must always be vigilant for a possible COVID-19 diagnosis in patients admitted even with classical ENT complaints to prevent exposure of the unprotected healthcare providers and delay in diagnosis. The role of otolaryngologists in diagnosing and managing COVID-19 patients is of utmost importance, considering the clinical scene built by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Most of the symptoms observed in COVID-19 are frequent reasons for applying to ENT clinics during daily routine, putting them under risk of catching the virus. Therefore, otolaryngologists must be fully equipped with protection and be alert for suspecting the novel disease during the pandemic era.


PDF View

References

    Citations

    Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


    EXPORT



    APA

    Bozbora, E., Avcı, K., & Ulusan, M. (2020). Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists. The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat, 30(1), 10-13. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400


    AMA

    Bozbora E, Avcı K, Ulusan M. Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists. The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat. 2020;30(1):10-13. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400


    ABNT

    Bozbora, E.; Avcı, K.; Ulusan, M. Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists. The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat, [Publisher Location], v. 30, n. 1, p. 10-13, 2020.


    Chicago: Author-Date Style

    Bozbora, Erol, and Kağan Avcı and Murat Ulusan. 2020. “Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists.” The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat 30, no. 1: 10-13. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400


    Chicago: Humanities Style

    Bozbora, Erol, and Kağan Avcı and Murat Ulusan. Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists.” The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat 30, no. 1 (Jul. 2024): 10-13. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400


    Harvard: Australian Style

    Bozbora, E & Avcı, K & Ulusan, M 2020, 'Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists', The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 10-13, viewed 13 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400


    Harvard: Author-Date Style

    Bozbora, E. and Avcı, K. and Ulusan, M. (2020) ‘Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists’, The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat, 30(1), pp. 10-13. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400 (13 Jul. 2024).


    MLA

    Bozbora, Erol, and Kağan Avcı and Murat Ulusan. Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists.” The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat, vol. 30, no. 1, 2020, pp. 10-13. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400


    Vancouver

    Bozbora E, Avcı K, Ulusan M. Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists. The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat [Internet]. 13 Jul. 2024 [cited 13 Jul. 2024];30(1):10-13. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400 doi: 10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400


    ISNAD

    Bozbora, Erol - Avcı, Kağan - Ulusan, Murat. Elaborating clinical characteristics of COVID-19 by focusing on the symptoms concerning otolaryngologists”. The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat 30/1 (Jul. 2024): 10-13. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.92400



    TIMELINE


    Accepted20.05.2020
    Published Online29.05.2020

    LICENCE


    Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

    This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


    SHARE




    Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.