Review


DOI :10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338   IUP :10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338    Full Text (PDF)

Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19

Saim PamukAhmet ÖzkanBeldan Polat

The pneumonia cases occurred in Wuhan province of China in late December 2019 affected the whole world, and it was soon declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. It was understood that a new type of coronavirus (2019-nCoV), called COVID-19, was caused by the symptoms of fever, cough, and shortness of breath. The incubation period of the pathogen transmitted by the droplets of infected patients varies between 2 and 14 days. Although the disease has a lower mortality than previous severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreaks, it has threatened all humanity with a serious need for intensive care and increased death reports. In particular, those with comorbidities, children, elderly, and healthcare professionals are at a great risk. The precautions have not been able to fully control the virus, since no specific treatment or vaccine has been found yet. In this review, we discuss the virology, epidemiology, clinic, diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 in the light of literature data.


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    APA

    Pamuk, S., Özkan, A., & Polat, B. (2020). Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19. The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat, 30(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338


    AMA

    Pamuk S, Özkan A, Polat B. Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19. The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat. 2020;30(1):1-9. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338


    ABNT

    Pamuk, S.; Özkan, A.; Polat, B. Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19. The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat, [Publisher Location], v. 30, n. 1, p. 1-9, 2020.


    Chicago: Author-Date Style

    Pamuk, Saim, and Ahmet Özkan and Beldan Polat. 2020. “Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19.” The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat 30, no. 1: 1-9. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338


    Chicago: Humanities Style

    Pamuk, Saim, and Ahmet Özkan and Beldan Polat. Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19.” The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat 30, no. 1 (Jul. 2024): 1-9. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338


    Harvard: Australian Style

    Pamuk, S & Özkan, A & Polat, B 2020, 'Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19', The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 1-9, viewed 13 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338


    Harvard: Author-Date Style

    Pamuk, S. and Özkan, A. and Polat, B. (2020) ‘Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19’, The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat, 30(1), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338 (13 Jul. 2024).


    MLA

    Pamuk, Saim, and Ahmet Özkan and Beldan Polat. Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19.” The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat, vol. 30, no. 1, 2020, pp. 1-9. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338


    Vancouver

    Pamuk S, Özkan A, Polat B. Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19. The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat [Internet]. 13 Jul. 2024 [cited 13 Jul. 2024];30(1):1-9. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338 doi: 10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338


    ISNAD

    Pamuk, Saim - Özkan, Ahmet - Polat, Beldan. Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of COVID-19”. The Turkish Journal of Ear Nose and Throat 30/1 (Jul. 2024): 1-9. https://doi.org/10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.25338



    TIMELINE


    Accepted20.05.2020
    Published Online29.05.2020

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