Research Article


DOI :10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065   IUP :10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065    Full Text (PDF)

Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City

İmren Gece Özbey

One of the main themes in Orhan Pamuk's works is the idea of “making a museum of life,” which represents remembering and preserving in his literary universe. This theme is not only present in The Museum of Innocence, but also appears as a core idea in the author’s preceding novels, especially those set in the Istanbul of his period. This idea reaches its peak when the author simultaneously releases his novel The Museum of Innocence and an eponymous museum. Although Pamuk’s novel-museum project emphasizes the story of the individual, the “home-museum”, as a history of personal events, objects and emotions, as opposed to the official historical discourse and official museums, his project also displays the city of Istanbul and details of its social history. Thus, the novel also turns into a “city-museum”. It is notable that Pamuk credits the idea of making a museum of the past to Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar and his novel A Mind at Peace in an 1995 article. It can be claimed that there are significant analogies between these two novels. One of them is the place where the beloved woman, who is fictionalized as a work of art or transformed into a work of art, stands in the triangle of museum-city-novel. In this article, A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence will be discussed and criticized through the concepts of museum, city, social history, loss and preservation, as well as examining the idea of making a museum of their Istanbul in these two novelists.

DOI :10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065   IUP :10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065    Full Text (PDF)

Geçmişin Müzesini Yapmak: Huzur ve Masumiyet Müzesi’ni Müze ve Şehir Kavramları Etrafında Birlikte Okumak

İmren Gece Özbey

Orhan Pamuk’un eserlerinin kurucu temalarından biri olan ve onun yazınsal evreninde hatırlama ve muhafaza etmenin karşılığı olarak biçimlenen “hayatın müzesini yapmak” fikri yazarın Masumiyet Müzesi’nden önceki -bilhassa yaşadığı devrin İstanbul’unu konu edinen- romanlarında bir nüve olarak karşımıza çıkar. Söz konusu fikir yazarın 2008’de yayımlanan Masumiyet Müzesi romanının ve 2012’de aynı adla açılan fiziksel müzenin kurgulanması ve inşasında zirveye ulaşır Pamuk’un romanmüze projesiyle resmi tarih söylemi ve resmi müzelerin karşısında bireyin hikayesine, “ev-müze”ye; yani bir şahsi olaylar, nesneler ve duygulanımlar tarihine vurgu yapmış olmakla birlikte romanda şehri ve onun toplumsal yaşantısına dair ayrıntıları da vitrine koyduğu görülür. Böylece roman aynı zamanda bir “şehir-müze”ye dönüşür. Pamuk’un 1995 yılında yayımlanan bir yazısında geçmişin müzesini yapma fikrini Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar’a ve onun Huzur romanına atfetmesi ise dikkat çekicidir. Huzur ve Masumiyet Müzesi arasında ise dikkate değer ölçüde paralellik bulunduğu söylenebilir. Bunlardan biri de müze-şehir-roman üçgeninde bir sanat eseri olarak kurgulanan ya da doğrudan sanat eserinin kendisi haline getirilen sevgilinin durduğu yerdir. Bu makalede Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar’ın Huzur ve Orhan Pamuk’un Masumiyet Müzesi romanları ele alınarak İstanbul, müze, sosyal tarih ve muhafaza etme kavramları etrafında eleştirel bir okuma yapılacak, bu iki romancıda kendi İstanbullarını müzeleştirme fikri irdelenecektir.


PDF View

References

  • Adorno, T. (1967). Valery Proust museum. Prisms. Tr. S.&S. Weber. London: Neville spearman. google scholar
  • Artun, A. (2012). Sanat müzeleri I: müze ve modernlik. İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları. google scholar
  • Göknar, E. (2013). Orhan Pamuk, secularism and blasphemy: the politics of the Turkish novel. London: Routledge. google scholar
  • Gürbilek, N. (2007) Kör ayna kayıp şark. İstanbul: Metis Yayınları. google scholar
  • Gürbilek, N. (2012) Benden önce bir başkası. İstanbul: Metis Yayınları. google scholar
  • Gürbilek, N. (1998) Tanpınar’da görünmeyen. Defter, 5: 97-105. google scholar
  • Huyssen, A. (1995). Twilight memories: Marking time in a culture of amnesia. London: Routledge. google scholar
  • Kerman Z & Enginün İ. (2007). Günlüklerin ışığında Tanpınar’la başbaşa. İstanbul: Dergah Yayınları. google scholar
  • Kuş, Selmin (2015). Sözcüklerin nesnelere dönüştüğü yer: Masumiyet Müzesi. İstanbul: Libra Kitap. google scholar
  • Lakshman, N. (2010, 2 February). Writing and writing is my happiness. Retrieved from: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/interview/lsquoWriting-and-writing-is-my-happinessrsquo/article16811763.ece google scholar
  • Moran, B. (2001). Türk romanına eleştirel bir bakış 1. İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları. google scholar
  • Pamuk, O. (1995). Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar ve Türk modernizmi. Defter, 23: 31-45. google scholar
  • Pamuk, O. (2010a) The naive and the sentimental novelist. Tr. Nazım Dikbaş. New York: Vintage Books. google scholar
  • Pamuk, O. (2010b) The museum of ınnocence. Tr. Maureen Freely. London: Faber and Faber. google scholar
  • Pamuk, O. (2011). The black book. Tr. Maureen Freely. London: Faber and Faber. google scholar
  • Pamuk, O. (2017a). Istanbul: memories and the city. Tr. Maureen Freely. Alfred A. Knopf. google scholar
  • Pamuk, O. (2017b). Manzaradan parçalar, İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları. google scholar
  • Pamuk, O. (2020). Öteki renkler, İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları. google scholar
  • Pamuk, O. (2018). The innocence of memories. Tr. Ekin Oklap. London: Faber and Faber. google scholar
  • Parla, J. (2018). Orhan Pamuk’ta yazıyla kefaret. İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları. google scholar
  • Payne, H. C. (1978). The novel as social history: a reflection on methodology. The History Teacher, 11(3), 341-351. https://doi.org/10.2307/491624 google scholar
  • Puchner, M. (2014), Orhan Pamuk’s own private Istanbul, Raritan, 33 (3): 97-107. google scholar
  • Tanpınar, A.H. (2018). Tanpınar’s five cities. Tr. Ruth Christie. London: Anthem Press. google scholar
  • Tanpınar, A.H. (2013). Yaşadığım gibi. İstanbul: Dergah Yayınları. google scholar
  • Tanpınar, A.H. (2008). A mind at peace. Tr. Erdağ Göknar. New York: Archipelago Books. google scholar
  • Tanpınar, A.H. (2019). Müzesiz Ülke. Hep Aynı Boşluk. İstanbul: Dergah Yayınları. google scholar
  • Xing, Y. (2013). The novel as museum: curating memory in Orhan Pamuk’s The Museum of Innocence. Critique, 54:198-210. google scholar

Citations

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


EXPORT



APA

Gece Özbey, İ. (2022). Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City. Journal of Turkish Language and Literature, 62(2), 353-370. https://doi.org/10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065


AMA

Gece Özbey İ. Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City. Journal of Turkish Language and Literature. 2022;62(2):353-370. https://doi.org/10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065


ABNT

Gece Özbey, İ. Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City. Journal of Turkish Language and Literature, [Publisher Location], v. 62, n. 2, p. 353-370, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Gece Özbey, İmren,. 2022. “Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City.” Journal of Turkish Language and Literature 62, no. 2: 353-370. https://doi.org/10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065


Chicago: Humanities Style

Gece Özbey, İmren,. Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City.” Journal of Turkish Language and Literature 62, no. 2 (Feb. 2023): 353-370. https://doi.org/10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065


Harvard: Australian Style

Gece Özbey, İ 2022, 'Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City', Journal of Turkish Language and Literature, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 353-370, viewed 1 Feb. 2023, https://doi.org/10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Gece Özbey, İ. (2022) ‘Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City’, Journal of Turkish Language and Literature, 62(2), pp. 353-370. https://doi.org/10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065 (1 Feb. 2023).


MLA

Gece Özbey, İmren,. Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City.” Journal of Turkish Language and Literature, vol. 62, no. 2, 2022, pp. 353-370. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065


Vancouver

Gece Özbey İ. Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City. Journal of Turkish Language and Literature [Internet]. 1 Feb. 2023 [cited 1 Feb. 2023];62(2):353-370. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065 doi: 10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065


ISNAD

Gece Özbey, İmren. Making a Museum of the Past: Reading A Mind at Peace and The Museum of Innocence Through the Concepts of Museum and City”. Journal of Turkish Language and Literature 62/2 (Feb. 2023): 353-370. https://doi.org/10.26650/TUDED2022-1183065



TIMELINE


Submitted01.10.2022
Accepted02.01.2023
Published Online30.12.2022

LICENCE


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


SHARE




Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.