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DOI :10.26650/experimed.2020.0043   IUP :10.26650/experimed.2020.0043    Tam Metin (PDF)

Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri

Münevver Serdaroğulları

İnfertilite dünya çapında bir sağlık sorunu olup, 12 aylık düzenli korunmasız cinsel ilişkiden sonra klinik bir hamilelik elde edememe olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Dünya çapında infertilitenin insidansı yaklaşık %8-12 olarak belirtilmekle birlikte hastaların yarısı bu durum için tıbbi yardım istemektedir. Yardımcı üreme teknolojisinin (YÜT) kullanımı dünya çapında giderek artmakla birlikte, YÜT’deki gelişmeler birçok çiftin infertilite sorunun üstesinden gelmesine izin vermiştir. İnfertilite, kadın infertilitesi, erkek infertilitesi, kadın ve erkek veya açıklanamayan faktörlerin bir kombinasyonu ile ilişkili olabilmektedir. Erkek infertilitesi, tüm infertilite vakalarının neredeyse yarısını oluşturur ve erkek nüfusun yaklaşık %7'sini etkilemektedir. Erkek infertilitesinin ilk değerlendirmesi, ayrıntılı bir tıbbi öykü, fizik muayene, endokrin değerlendirme ve semen analizini içermektedir. Erkek infertilitesi hormonal dengesizlikler, genetik problemler, fiziksel nedenler, çevresel yaşam tarzı faktörleri veya psikolojik veya davranışsal faktörlerden kaynaklanabileceği raporlanmıştır. Ayrıca, ileri erkek yaşı, sperm kalitesini etkileyerek erkek infertilitesine yol açabilir. Sonuç olarak, erkek infertilitesinin nedenleri çok yönlüdür. İnfertilite tedavisi sırasında erkek infertilitesinin değerlendirilmesi ve yönetimi çiftler için son derece önemlidir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Erkek infertilitesiinfertilite
DOI :10.26650/experimed.2020.0043   IUP :10.26650/experimed.2020.0043    Tam Metin (PDF)

Causes of Male Infertility

Münevver Serdaroğulları

Infertility is a global health problem and is defined as an inability to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. The global incidence of infertility is approximately 8–12%, and half of these patients seek medical help for the condition. The use of assisted reproduction technology (ART) has been increasingly used worldwide, and advances in ART have enabled many couples to overcome infertility. Infertility can be related to female infertility, male infertility, a combination of the two or unexplained factors. Male infertility constitutes nearly half of all instances of infertility and affects approximately 7% of the male population. The initial evaluation of male infertility includes obtaining a detailed medical history, a physical examination, an endocrine assessment and semen analysis. Male infertility can be due to hormonal imbalances, genetic problems, physical causes, environmental lifestyle factors or psychological or behavioural factors. Also, advanced male age may affect the quality of sperm, which can lead to male infertility. In conclusion, the causes of male infertility are multifarious. The evaluation and management of male infertility during infertility treatment are of the utmost importance for couples.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Male infertilityinfertility

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DIŞA AKTAR



APA

Serdaroğulları, M. (2020). Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri. Experimed, 10(3), 144-147. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2020.0043


AMA

Serdaroğulları M. Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri. Experimed. 2020;10(3):144-147. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2020.0043


ABNT

Serdaroğulları, M. Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri. Experimed, [Publisher Location], v. 10, n. 3, p. 144-147, 2020.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Serdaroğulları, Münevver,. 2020. “Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri.” Experimed 10, no. 3: 144-147. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2020.0043


Chicago: Humanities Style

Serdaroğulları, Münevver,. Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri.” Experimed 10, no. 3 (Aug. 2022): 144-147. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2020.0043


Harvard: Australian Style

Serdaroğulları, M 2020, 'Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri', Experimed, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 144-147, viewed 8 Aug. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2020.0043


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Serdaroğulları, M. (2020) ‘Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri’, Experimed, 10(3), pp. 144-147. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2020.0043 (8 Aug. 2022).


MLA

Serdaroğulları, Münevver,. Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri.” Experimed, vol. 10, no. 3, 2020, pp. 144-147. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2020.0043


Vancouver

Serdaroğulları M. Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri. Experimed [Internet]. 8 Aug. 2022 [cited 8 Aug. 2022];10(3):144-147. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2020.0043 doi: 10.26650/experimed.2020.0043


ISNAD

Serdaroğulları, Münevver. Erkek İnfertilite Nedenleri”. Experimed 10/3 (Aug. 2022): 144-147. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2020.0043



ZAMAN ÇİZELGESİ


Gönderim13.08.2020
Kabul09.10.2020
Çevrimiçi Yayınlanma25.12.2020

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