Araştırma Makalesi


DOI :10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823   IUP :10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823    Tam Metin (PDF)

The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants

Diler YılmazNejla Canbulat ŞahinerZübeyde Ezgi Erçelik

Objective: Vaccination practices are one of the most painful procedures in infancy, creating anxiety and distress for both infants and their parents. This study was planned to determine the effect of black and white flashcards on the level of acute pain infants feel during vaccination applications.

Materials and Methods: The sample of this prospective randomized controlled trial comprised 119 infants who were brought to the family health center for the 2nd and 3rd dose of the combined 5-vaccine and who met the inclusion criteria. The data were obtained using the information form, which included descriptive characteristics of the baby and family, and the FLACC pain assessment tool.

Results: The mean pain scores of the infants (2.76 ± 2.06) in the black and white flashcard group were significantly lower than those of the control group (4.61 ± 2.00) (p < 0.01). Additionally, there was statistically no significant difference between the total durations of crying and the periods of the infants between initial crying and calming down in both the experimental and control groups (p>0.05).

Conclusion: We concluded that the use of black and white flashcards during the vaccination practices was efficient. In line with these results, we recommend that nurses use black and white flashcards, an easily applicable method, to decrease the pain sensitivity of infants during vaccine applications.

Anahtar Kelimeler: painvaccinationdistraction
DOI :10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823   IUP :10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823    Tam Metin (PDF)

Siyah Beyaz Dikkati Başka Yöne Çekme Kartlarının Bebeklerin Hissedilen Akut Ağrı Düzeyine Etkisi

Diler YılmazNejla Canbulat ŞahinerZübeyde Ezgi Erçelik

Amaç: Aşı uygulamaları, bebeklik dönemindeki ağrı ve en acı verici prosedürlerden biri olup hem bebekler hem de ebeveynleri için endişe ve sıkıntı yaratıcı durumdur. Araştırma; aşı uygulamaları sırasında kullanılan siyah beyaz dikkati başka yöne çekme kartlarının bebeklerde hissedilen akut ağrı düzeyine etkisini belirlemek amacı ile planlandı.

Gereç ve Yöntem: Randomize kontrollü araştırmanın örneklemini aile sağlığı merkezine 5’li karma aşının 2. veya 3. dozu için başvuran vaka seçim kriterlerine uyan toplam 119 (dikkati başka yöne çekme grubu (n=60), kontrol grubu (n=59)) bebek oluşturdu. Veriler bebek ve ailenin tanıtıcı özelliklerini içeren bilgi formu ve FLACC ağrı değerlendirme ölçeği kullanılarak elde edildi.

Bulgular: Dikkati başka yöne çekme yönteminin uygulandığı grupta yer alan yenidoğanların (2.76 ± 2.06) işlemsel ağrı puan ortalamaları kontrol grubuna (4.61 ± 2.00) göre anlamlı derecede düşüktü (p < 0.01). Hem deney hem de kontrol grubunda yer alan yenidoğanların toplam ağlama süreleri ile ilk sakinleşme süreleri arasında istatiksel yönden anlamlılık bulunmadı (p>0.05).

Sonuç: Sonuç olarak, aşı uygulamaları sırasında hissedilen ağrıyı azaltmada dikkati başka yöne çekme kartlarının etkili olduğu belirlendi. Bu sonuçlar doğrultusunda; bebeklerin aşı uygulamaları sırasında ağrıya hassasiyetini azaltmak için kolay uygulanabilir bir yöntem olarak dikkati başka yöne çekme kartlarının hemşireler tarafından kullanımı önerilmektedir. 


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DIŞA AKTAR



APA

Yılmaz, D., Canbulat Şahiner, N., & Erçelik, Z.E. (2023). The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants. Çocuk Dergisi, 23(3), 285-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823


AMA

Yılmaz D, Canbulat Şahiner N, Erçelik Z E. The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants. Çocuk Dergisi. 2023;23(3):285-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823


ABNT

Yılmaz, D.; Canbulat Şahiner, N.; Erçelik, Z.E. The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants. Çocuk Dergisi, [Publisher Location], v. 23, n. 3, p. 285-291, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Yılmaz, Diler, and Nejla Canbulat Şahiner and Zübeyde Ezgi Erçelik. 2023. “The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants.” Çocuk Dergisi 23, no. 3: 285-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823


Chicago: Humanities Style

Yılmaz, Diler, and Nejla Canbulat Şahiner and Zübeyde Ezgi Erçelik. The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants.” Çocuk Dergisi 23, no. 3 (Mar. 2024): 285-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823


Harvard: Australian Style

Yılmaz, D & Canbulat Şahiner, N & Erçelik, ZE 2023, 'The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants', Çocuk Dergisi, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 285-291, viewed 3 Mar. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Yılmaz, D. and Canbulat Şahiner, N. and Erçelik, Z.E. (2023) ‘The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants’, Çocuk Dergisi, 23(3), pp. 285-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823 (3 Mar. 2024).


MLA

Yılmaz, Diler, and Nejla Canbulat Şahiner and Zübeyde Ezgi Erçelik. The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants.” Çocuk Dergisi, vol. 23, no. 3, 2023, pp. 285-291. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823


Vancouver

Yılmaz D, Canbulat Şahiner N, Erçelik ZE. The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants. Çocuk Dergisi [Internet]. 3 Mar. 2024 [cited 3 Mar. 2024];23(3):285-291. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823 doi: 10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823


ISNAD

Yılmaz, Diler - Canbulat Şahiner, Nejla - Erçelik, ZübeydeEzgi. The Effect of the Use of Black and White Flashcards on Acute Pain Levels in Infants”. Çocuk Dergisi 23/3 (Mar. 2024): 285-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2023.1327823



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Gönderim15.07.2023
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