Research Article


DOI :10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325   IUP :10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325    Full Text (PDF)

The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke

Doruk AkdoğanAyşegül Peksel

Objective: The antioxidant-rich artichoke bracts leaves are a particularly waste of the food industry. Thus, it would be possible to utilize a cheap and natural material, which is industrial waste, instead of synthetic antioxidants. The present study aimed to extract from the bract leaves of globe artichoke by ultrasound-assisted extraction and to evaluate their antioxidant activities.

Materials and Methods: In this study, the effect of ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) on antioxidative properties was studied. The extracts were obtained from the leaves of the head part of the artichoke by using UAE and evaluated for their antioxidative properties. For this purpose, antioxidant activity methods were investigated for different extraction times. The results obtained were compared with standard antioxidants.

Results: The results obtained from this study showed that the shorter extraction time resulted in higher antioxidative properties. Accordingly, in plant extracts prepared by UAE-1, the highest total phenolic content value (193.80 μg pyrocathecol equivalent/mg extract), the highest total flavonoid content value (254.13 μg catechin equivalent/mg extract), the highest total chlorophyll content value (10.68 μg/mL) and carotenoid (0.57 μg/mL) were found. Similarly, UAE-1 extracts showed the best results in terms of free radical scavenging activity. Also, the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity of UAE-1 (89.09%) was determined to be higher than the standard antioxidant α-Tocopherol (85.68%) and very close to another standard antioxidant butylated hydroxyanisole (91.98%).

Conclusion: UAE could be preferred instead of the traditional method (Soxhlet) as a shorter, eco-friendly, and low energy cost.


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APA

Akdoğan, D., & Peksel, A. (2023). The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke. European Journal of Biology, 82(2), 296-305. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325


AMA

Akdoğan D, Peksel A. The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke. European Journal of Biology. 2023;82(2):296-305. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325


ABNT

Akdoğan, D.; Peksel, A. The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke. European Journal of Biology, [Publisher Location], v. 82, n. 2, p. 296-305, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Akdoğan, Doruk, and Ayşegül Peksel. 2023. “The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke.” European Journal of Biology 82, no. 2: 296-305. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325


Chicago: Humanities Style

Akdoğan, Doruk, and Ayşegül Peksel. The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke.” European Journal of Biology 82, no. 2 (Jul. 2024): 296-305. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325


Harvard: Australian Style

Akdoğan, D & Peksel, A 2023, 'The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke', European Journal of Biology, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 296-305, viewed 20 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Akdoğan, D. and Peksel, A. (2023) ‘The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke’, European Journal of Biology, 82(2), pp. 296-305. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325 (20 Jul. 2024).


MLA

Akdoğan, Doruk, and Ayşegül Peksel. The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke.” European Journal of Biology, vol. 82, no. 2, 2023, pp. 296-305. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325


Vancouver

Akdoğan D, Peksel A. The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke. European Journal of Biology [Internet]. 20 Jul. 2024 [cited 20 Jul. 2024];82(2):296-305. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325 doi: 10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325


ISNAD

Akdoğan, Doruk - Peksel, Ayşegül. The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction on Antioxidative Properties of Bract Leaves of Globe Artichoke”. European Journal of Biology 82/2 (Jul. 2024): 296-305. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2023.1304325



TIMELINE


Submitted27.05.2023
Accepted11.08.2023
Published Online04.10.2023

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