Connectist: Istanbul University Journal of Communication Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed, scholarly and international journal published biannually in June and December since 1992. The manuscripts submitted for publication in the journal must be scientific and original work in Turkish or English.

Connectist: Istanbul University Journal of Communication Sciences – focuses on systems, theories, methods and applications in communications. Original articles, reviews, case reports and book reviews on all aspects of communications are published to provide a global platform for scientific knowledge exchange among academic researchers, communication professionals and policy makers. Contributions are welcome from anthropology, philosophy, history, political sciences, psychology and all other fields, which have relevant and insightful comments about communications. The target group of the journal consists of academicians, researchers, professionals, students, related professional and academic bodies and institutions.

All expenses of the journal are covered by the Istanbul University. Processing and publication are free of charge with the journal. There is no article processing charges or submission fees for any submitted or accepted articles.
Baş Editör
Prof. Ayşen Akkor Gül, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye

Misafir Editör
Doç. Dr. Candan Elmer, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United-Kingdom
Dr. Paul Elmer, University of Westminster, London, United-Kingdom

Alan Editörü
Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Rabia Zamur Tuncer, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Öğr. Gör. Fatih Özkoyuncu, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Araş. Gör. Yeşim Akmeraner Kökat, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Araş. Gör. Onur Karahan, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Araş. Gör. Sedat Kökat, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye

Editoryal İlişkiler Yöneticisi
Araş. Gör. Damla Tosyalıoğlu Akar, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye

Tanıtım Yöneticisi
Araş. Gör. Yeşim Akmeraner Kökat, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye

İstatistik Editörü
Prof. Emre Erdoğan, İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Prof. Hasan Kemal Süer, Bahçeşehir Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye

Dil Editörü
Öğr. Gör. Elizabeth Mary Earl, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Öğr. Gör. Alan James Newson, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye

Yayın Kurulu Üyesi
Prof. Arthur Asa Berger, San Francisso State University, San-Francisco, United-States
Prof. Badran Badran, Zayed University, Dubai, United-Arab-Emirates
Prof. Roland Burkart, Viyana Üniversitesi, Vienna, Austria
Prof. Güven Büyükbaykal, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Prof. Şebnem Çağlar, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Prof. Yıldız Dilek Ertürk, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Prof. Paulo Faustino, Universitário do Porto, Porto, Portugal
Prof. Thom Genceralli, Manhattan College, New-York, United-States
Prof. Yeşim Güçdemir, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Prof. Tevhide Serra Görpe, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United-Arab-Emirates
Prof. James Grunig, University of Maryland, College-Park, United-States
Prof. Murat İri, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Prof. Rengin İskeçe, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Prof. Sevimece Karadoğan Doruk, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Prof. Castulus Kolo, University of Applied Sciences, Munich, Germany
Prof. Gary L. Kreps, George Mason University, Virginia, United-States
Prof. Abdullah Özkan, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Prof. Meliha Nurdan Taşkıran, İstanbul Medipol Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye
Prof. Ralph Tench, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United-Kingdom
Prof. Ali Murat Yel, Marmara Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkiye

Connectist aims to create an international platform opening from Asia to Europe in which academic researchers, communication professionals and policy makers share scientific knowledge. It welcomes theoretical and empirical studies elaborating on the current debates of social sciences and humanities besides the conventional research fields of communication. Connectist is also open to the studies from other disciplines that focus on communication.

The target group of the journal consists of academicians, researchers, professionals, students, and related professional organizations.



Web of Science Core Collection - Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)

TUBİTAK-ULAKBİM TR Index 

EBSCO Communication Source

ProQuest Central, ProQuest Turkey Database

ProQuest Social Sciences Database

ProQuest Social Sciences Premium Collection

DOAJ

Erih Plus

SOBIAD

Connectist: Istanbul University Journal of Communication Sciences is committed to abide by the highest standards of publication ethics. It adopts the ethical publishing principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME). For the principles expressed under the heading of “Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing”, please visit the link below: https://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines-new/principles-transparency-and-best-practice-scholarly-publishing

All parties involved in the publishing process (Editors, Reviewers, Authors and Publishers) are expected to agree on the following ethical principles.

All submissions must be compatible with the aim and scope of the journal. Only the manuscripts that are original, not published (including as full text in conference proceedings), and not under review of any other publication simultaneously are accepted for evaluation. The manuscripts must also be approved by each author in terms of its content and submission.

The name of any author cannot be deleted from the manuscript without the permission of all authors. A new author name cannot be included in the manuscript, and author order cannot be changed without the permission of all authors.

Plagiarism, duplication, fraud authorship/denied authorship, research/data fabrication, salami slicing/salami publication, breaching of copyrights, prevailing conflict of interest are accepted as unethical behaviors. All manuscripts that do not comply with the accepted ethical standards are removed from the publication. If a manuscript with illegal and/or unethical features is realized after its publication, it is also removed from the publication.

Plagiarism Check

Pre-controlled manuscripts are scanned for plagiarism via using iThenticate software. If plagiarism/self-plagiarism is detected, the authors are informed. If necessary, editors might check the manuscript for plagiarism at various stages of the evaluation or production process. High similarity percentages might cause a manuscript to be rejected before or even after it is accepted.

For a manuscript to be published the similarity percentage must be less than 15% depending on the category of the manuscript.

Double-Blind Peer Review Process

After the plagiarism check, the appropriate manuscripts are evaluated by the editor-in-chief in terms of originality, method, importance of the subject and the compatibility with the scope of the journal. The editor-in-chief presents the manuscripts complying with the formal principles to the evaluation of at least two referees from Turkey and / or abroad, and ensures that they pass through a fair double-blind refereeing. The editor-in-chief approves the publication of the manuscript after the necessary changes requested by the referees are done by the author(s).

Connectist: Istanbul University Journal of Communication Sciences is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Except for commercial purposes, users are allowed to read, download, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This principle is compatible with BOAI definition of open access.

The articles in Connectist: Istanbul University Journal of Communication Sciences are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.en)



All expenses of the journal are covered by the Istanbul University. Processing and publication are free of charge. There is no article processing charges or submission fees for any submitted or accepted articles.


Authors publishing with the journal retain the copyright to their work licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) and grant the Publisher non-exclusive commercial right to publish the work. CC BY-NC 4.0 license permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Editor should consider publishing correction if minor errors that do not effect the results, interpretations and conclusions of the published paper are detected. Editor should consider retraction if major errors and/or misconduction that invalidate results and conclusions are detected.

Editor should consider issuing an expression of concern if there is evidence of research or publication misconduct by the authors; there is evidence that the findings are not reliable and institutions of the authors do not investigate the case or the possible investigation seems to be unfair or nonconclusive.

The guidelines of COPE and ICJME are taken into consideration regarding correction, retractions or expression of concern.

To guarantee that all papers published in the journal are maintained and permanently accessible, articles are stored in Dergipark which serves as a  national archival web site and at the same time permits LOCKSS to  collect, preserve, and serve the content.

Additionally, authors are encouraged to self-archive the final PDF version of their articles in open electronic archives with  that conform to standards of Open Archives Initiative (https://www.openarchives.org/). Authors should provide a link from the deposited version to the URL of IUPress journal website.

Connectist: Istanbul University Journal of Communication Sciences is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and pays regard to Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) on https://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines-new/principles-transparency-and-best-practice-scholarly-publishing

All parties involved in the publishing process (Editors, Reviewers, Authors and Publishers) are expected to agree on the following ethical principles.

All submissions must be original, unpublished (including as full text in conference proceedings), and not under the review of any other publication synchronously. Each manuscript is reviewed by one of the editors and at least two referees under double-blind peer review process. Plagiarism, duplication, fraud authorship/denied authorship, research/data fabrication, salami slicing/salami publication, breaching of copyrights, prevailing conflict of interest are unnethical behaviors.

All manuscripts not in accordance with the accepted ethical standards will be removed from the publication. This also contains any possible malpractice discovered after the publication. In accordance with the code of conduct we will report any cases of suspected plagiarism or duplicate publishing.

The journal adheres to the highest standards in research ethics and follows the principles of international research ethics as defined below. The authors are responsible for the compliance of the manuscripts with the ethical rules.

-    Principles of integrity, quality and transparency should be sustained in designing the research, reviewing the design and conducting the research.

-    The research team and participants should be fully informed about the aim, methods, possible uses and requirements of the research and risks of participation in research.

-    The confidentiality of the information provided by the research participants and the confidentiality of the respondents should be ensured. The research should be designed to protect the autonomy and dignity of the participants.

-    Research participants should participate in the research voluntarily, not under any coercion.

-    Any possible harm to participants must be avoided. The research should be planned in such a way that the participants are not at risk.

-    The independence of research must be clear; and any conflict of interest or must be disclosed.

-    In experimental studies with human subjects, written informed consent of the participants who decide to participate in the research must be obtained. In the case of children and those under wardship or with confirmed insanity, legal custodian’s assent must be obtained.

-    If the study is to be carried out in any institution or organization, approval must be obtained from this institution or organization.

-    In studies with human subject, it must be noted in the method’s section of the manuscript that the informed consent of the participants and ethics committee approval from the institution where the study has been conducted have been obtained.

It is authors’ responsibility to ensure that the article is in accordance with scientific and ethical standards and rules. And authors must ensure that submitted work is original. They must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere or is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere, in any language. Applicable copyright laws and conventions must be followed. Copyright material (e.g. tables, figures or extensive quotations) must be reproduced only with appropriate permission and acknowledgement. Any work or words of other authors, contributors, or sources must be appropriately credited and referenced.

All the authors of a submitted manuscript must have direct scientific and academic contribution to the manuscript. The author(s) of the original research articles is defined as a person who is significantly involved in “conceptualization and design of the study”, “collecting the data”, “analyzing the data”, “writing the manuscript”, “reviewing the manuscript with a critical perspective” and “planning/conducting the study of the manuscript and/or revising it”. Fund raising, data collection or supervision of the research group are not sufficient roles to be accepted as an author. The author(s) must meet all these criteria described above. The order of names in the author list of an article must be a co-decision and it must be indicated in the Copyright Agreement Form. The individuals who do not meet the authorship criteria but contributed to the study must take place in the acknowledgement section. Individuals providing technical support, assisting writing, providing a general support, providing material or financial support are examples to be indicated in acknowledgement section.

All authors must disclose all issues concerning financial relationship, conflict of interest, and competing interest that may potentially influence the results of the research or scientific judgment.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published paper, it is the author’s obligation to promptly cooperate with the Editor to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.

Editor-in-Chief evaluates manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors. He/She provides a fair double-blind peer review of the submitted articles for publication and ensures that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential before publishing.

Editor-in-Chief is responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication. He/She must publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.

Editor-in-Chief does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, editors and reviewers. Only he has the full authority to assign a reviewer and is responsible for final decision for publication of the manuscripts in the Journal.

Reviewers must have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders. Their judgments must be objective.

Reviewers must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the editor if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author’s side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

The editor informs the reviewers that the manuscripts are confidential information and that this is a privileged interaction. The reviewers and editorial board cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons. The anonymity of the referees must be ensured. In particular situations, the editor may share the review of one reviewer with other reviewers to clarify a particular point.

Only those manuscripts approved by its every individual author and that were not published before in or sent to another journal, are accepted for evaluation.

Submitted manuscripts that pass preliminary control are scanned for plagiarism using iThenticate software. After plagiarism check, the eligible ones are evaluated by editor-in-chief for their originality, methodology, the importance of the subject covered and compliance with the journal scope. 

The selected manuscripts are sent to at least two referees from abroad or from Turkey. After accomplishing necessary revisions requested by referees, the authors resubmit the manuscript by highlighting the changes made. Publication decisions are made by Editor-in-Chief after authors make necessary revisions requested by referees and the peer-review process is completed.

Editor-in-Chief evaluates manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors. He/She provides a fair double-blind peer review of the submitted articles for publication and ensures that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential before publishing.

Editor-in-Chief is responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication. He/She must publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.

Editor-in-Chief does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, editors and reviewers. Only he has the full authority to assign a reviewer and is responsible for final decision for publication of the manuscripts in the Journal.

Reviewers must have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders. Their judgments must be objective.

Reviewers must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the editor if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author’s side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

The editor informs the reviewers that the manuscripts are confidential information and that this is a privileged interaction. The reviewers and editorial board cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons. The anonymity of the referees must be ensured. In particular situations, the editor may share the review of one reviewer with other reviewers to clarify a particular point.

Editor-in-Chief evaluates manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors. He/She provides a fair double-blind peer review of the submitted articles for publication and ensures that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential before publishing.

Editor-in-Chief is responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication. He/She must publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.

Editor-in-Chief does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, editors and reviewers. Only he has the full authority to assign a reviewer and is responsible for final decision for publication of the manuscripts in the Journal.

Reviewers must have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders. Their judgments must be objective.

Reviewers must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the editor if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author’s side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

The editor informs the reviewers that the manuscripts are confidential information and that this is a privileged interaction. The reviewers and editorial board cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons. The anonymity of the referees must be ensured. In particular situations, the editor may share the review of one reviewer with other reviewers to clarify a particular point.

Only those manuscripts approved by its every individual author and that were not published before in or sent to another journal, are accepted for evaluation.

Submitted manuscripts that pass preliminary control are scanned for plagiarism using iThenticate software. After plagiarism check, the eligible ones are evaluated by Editor-in-Chief for their originality, methodology, the importance of the subject covered and compliance with the journal scope. Editor-in-Chief evaluates manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors and ensures a fair double-blind peer review of the selected manuscripts.

The selected manuscripts are sent to at least two referees from abroad or from Turkey. After accomplishing necessary revisions requested by referees, the authors resubmit the manuscript by highlighting the changes made. Publication decisions are made by Editor-in-Chief after authors make necessary revisions requested by referees and the peer-review process is completed.

Editor-in-Chief does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, editors and reviewers and is responsible for final decision for publication of the manuscripts in the Journal.

Reviewers’ judgments must be objective. Reviewers’ comments on the following aspects are expected while conducting the review.

- Does the manuscript contain new and significant information?

- Does the abstract clearly and accurately describe the content of the manuscript?

- Is the problem significant and concisely stated?

- Are the methods described comprehensively?

- Are the interpretations and consclusions justified by the results?

- Is adequate references made to other Works in the field?

- Is the language acceptable?

Reviewers must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the editor if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author’s side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

The editor informs the reviewers that the manuscripts are confidential information and that this is a privileged interaction. The reviewers and editorial board cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons. The anonymity of the referees is important.

The language of the journal is both Turkish and English.

-    All correspondence will be sent to the first-named author unless otherwise specified. Manuscpript is to be submitted online via http://connectist.istanbul.edu.tr and it must be accompanied by a cover letter indicating that the manuscript is intended for publication, specifying the article category (i.e. research article, review etc.) and including information about the manuscript (see the Submission Checklist). In addition, a Copyright Agreement Form that has to be signed by all authors must be submitted.

-    Only one manuscript of each author is published in the same year (excluding special issues).

-    Papers accepted but not yet included in the issue are published online in the Early View section.

-    Authors are responsible for all statements made in their work submitted to the Journal for publication.

-    Studies that are not prepared in accordance with the rules of the journal are directly rejected without the need for peer review.

-    The manuscripts should be in A4 paper standards: having 2.5 cm margins from right, left, bottom and top, Times New Roman font style in 12 font size and line spacing of 1.5.

-    Word count must be 6500 – 8500 words for “research articles”, 6500 – 8500 words for “review articles” and 2000-4000 words for “short notes”.

-    Before the introduction part, there should be an abstract between 180 and 200 words in English and an extended abstract only in English between 600-800 words, summarizing the scope, the purpose, the results of the study and the method used. Underneath the abstracts, 5 keywords that inform the reader about the content of the study should be specified in Turkish and in English. Extended abstract in English is mandatory for all manuscripts.

-    The manuscripts should contain mainly these components: title, abstract and keywords; extended abstract in English, sections, end notes and references.

-    Tables, graphs and figures can be given with a number and a defining title only if it is necessary to follow the idea of the article. Otherwise features like demographic characteristics can be given within the text. Tables and figures in the studies should be placed within the text.

-    Emphasis of the author(s) in the studies should be indicated with single quotes; only book, movie, newspaper names should be written in italics. Quotations exceeding 40 words should be given inside, single spaced and without quotation marks.

-    In line with the Editorial Board decision and referee reports, the authors may be asked to make some changes in the text.

-    The studies that were sent to the journal will not be returned whether they are published or not.

-    The studies -according to their categories- should be prepared in line with the following flow:

1. RESEARCH ARTICLES
INTRODUCTION

-The problem of the research should be defined by making references to the relevant literature. In the last paragraph before moving on to the sub-headings, the importance of the study, its difference from other studies, namely its originality, the purpose and method of the study should be specified and its boundaries should be drawn.
Subheading(s) related to the topic
AIM AND METHODOLOGY
Introductory remarks for the aim and methodology
Aim
After the major aim of the study is indicated, research (sub)questions and/or hypothesis/hypotheses should be formulated.
Method
The following elements should be given in this section as content, even if they are not given as a title.
•    Research Model
•    Universe, Sample / Subjects/ Participants
•    Data Collection Tool
•    Operation
The types of scale, questionnaire, interviews etc. should be clarified, and especially the research including statistical analyses should have reliability and viability coefficients.
FINDINGS
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION

After restating the aim of the study in short, findings should be summed up very briefly and discussed with reference to the relevant literature.
Then the original opinions related to the research findings should be stated by the author as concluding remarks.
Before finalizing the study some suggestions should be formulated for future research to contribute to the relevant field.
ENDNOTES
REFERENCES

2. REVIEW ARTICLESINTRODUCTION​The problem of the research should be defined by making references to the relevant literature. In the last paragraph before moving on to the sub-headings, the importance of the study, its difference from other studies, namely its originality, the purpose and method of the study should be specified and its boundaries should be drawn.​Subheading(s) related to the topic
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
After restating the aim of the study in short, findings should be summed up very briefly and discussed with reference to the relevant literature.
Then the original opinions related to the research findings should be stated by the author as concluding remarks.
Before finalizing the study some suggestions should be formulated for future research to contribute to the relevant field.
ENDOTES
REFERENCES

3. SHORT NOTES
Within the scope of short notes, a critical evaluation of any subject, audio-visual/written text, an event or phenomenon that concerns the field of communication is presented. Unlike original research articles, short notes do not include field research but may include book criticism, film criticism, or evaluation of other audio/visual/written products or critical evaluations of organized events. Originality of the short notes is expected to be created via new and different perspectives of the experts and veteran scholars.
There is no title system that authors must comply with for short notes. Authors may adopt a title system appropriate to their subject.

Before beginning the online submission process please read the Information for Authors and make sure you have the followings available:

Article Submission

•    The article must be sent to https://iupress.istanbul.edu.tr/tr/journal/connectist/home
•    While uploading Main Document, make sure that the main document has no information that clarify the author’s identity. Due to double blind peer review, Main Document must not include Title Page, the name of author or any other detail that can disclose the author identity (such as acknowledgements or headers including the author(s) name).
•    Additionally, Supplemental File for Review must not include any detail that can disclose author identity as well.

Files to be uploaded separately
•    Copyright Agreement Form
•    Permissions obtained for previously published material if used in the present manuscript
•    Title page

-    Category of the article
-    The title of the manuscript both in Turkish and in English
-    Authors' names, surnames, titles and affiliates (after the university and faculty information, the city and country information should also be included) and e-mail addresses.
-    Corresponding author's e-mail address, open correspondence address, business phone, GSM, fax number
-    ORCID numbers of the authors

•    Main Manuscript Document

-    The title of the manuscript both in Turkish and in English
-    Abstracts (180-200 words) both in Turkish and in English
-    Keywords: 5 words both in Turkish and in English
-    Extended abstract (600-800 words) in English (only for Turkish articles)
-    Main article sections
-    Financial support (if applicable)
-    Conflict of interest (if applicable)
-    Acknowledgement (if exists)
-    References
-    All tables, illustrations (figures) (including title, description, footnotes)

References

-    Author(s) are expected to cite primary sources in their studies.

-    References to articles published as Early View should be given as "publication in preparation".

-    The author(s) are responsible for the accuracy of the references. All sources should be cited in the text and listed alphabetically.

Reference Style and Format

-    Connectist: Istanbul University Journal of Communication Sciences, adopts 7th edition of APA (American Psychological Association) style for in-text citation and references. The rules for this style can be found at the link below:

-    https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/

-    References should be cited as indicated in the examples below.

In-Text Citation

Sources should be indicated in the text by writing the surnames of the authors and the publication date in parentheses. If more than one source is to be shown, a semicolon (;) should be inserted between the sources. References should be listed alphabetically.

Citations in the Text

Citations must be indicated with the author surname and publication year and page number within the parenthesis. If more than one citation is made within the same paranthesis, separate them with (;). References should be listed alphabetically

Samples:
Citation with one author;
(Carpentier, 2011)
Carpentier (2011)

Citation with two authors;
(Deleuze & Guattari, p. 1992)
Deleuze and Guattari (1992) aim to explain schizophrenia in a positive manner (p. 45).

Citation with three or more authors;
(Curran et al., 2009)
Citation with abbreviation:
First Citation: (World Health Organisation [WHO], 2020)
Next Citations: (WHO, 2020)
First Citation: World Health Organisation (WHO, 2020)
Next Citations: WHO (2020)

To avoid ambiguity in in-text citations
If the same author published more than one study in the same year:
(Fiske, 2010a) (Fiske, 2010b)
⁠If the first authors of multiple references share the same surname but have different initials, include the first authors’ initials in all in-text citations, even if the year of publication differs.
(A.    A. Berger, 2010; J. Berger, 2010)
If the authors of the same publication have the same surname, there is no need to include the first letters of their names.
(Chen & Chen, 2019)

Direct quotations
When citing directly, sentence(s) are enclosed in quotation marks and page numbers are also indicated in in-text quotations.
According to Luhmann (1982), “Subjectivity is an abstract term invented by philosophers which does not refer to human beings. The real subject of social action is the social system” (p. 324).
If more than one citation is made within the same paranthesis, separate them with (;). References should be listed alphabetically.
(Mulvey, 2012; Ryan & Kellner, 2012, p. 152).

Citations in the Reference
All the citations done in the text should be listed in the References section in alphabetical order of author surname without numbering. Below given examples should be considered in citing the references.

Book
a) Citation with one author;
Berger, A. A. (2017). Media analysis techniques. Sage Publications.
Kamien R., & Kamien A. (2014). Music: An appreciation. McGraw-Hill Education.

b) Translated book
Foucault, M. (1977). Discipline and punishment: The birth of the prison. (A. Sheridan, Trans.). Vintage Books.

c) Book with Multiple Authors
Bordwell, D. & Thompson, K. (2010). Film Art: An Introduction. McGraw-Hill.

ç) Edited book
Miller, T., & Stam, R. (Eds.). (2004). A companion to film theory (Vol. 18). John Wiley & Sons.

d) Chapter in an Edited Book
Jenkins, H. (2004). The work of theory in the age of digital transformation. T. Miller & R. Stam (Eds.), A Companion to Film Theory (pp. 234-261). Blackwell.

e) Chapter in the translation book
Schmeder, G. (2015). İşbölümü dinamiğinde kopmalar ve kesintiler. C. Vercellone (Ed.) ve D. Kundakçı (Trans.). Bilişsel kapitalizm. (1st ed., 61-75). Otonom Yayıncılık.

Piaget, J. (1988). Extracts from Piaget’s theory (G. Gellerier & J. Langer, Trans.). In K. Richardson & S. Sheldon (Eds.) Cognitive development to adolescence: A reader (pp. 3-18). Hillsdale, NJ:Erlbaum. (Reprinted from Manual of child psychology, pp. 703-732, by P.H. Myssen, Ed., 1970. Wiley)

f) Book Review
Gül Ünlü, D. (2018). Kitap incelemesi [Şeffaflık toplumu: Şeffaf toplumun eleştirisi üzerine bir okuma]. Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi, 28, 279-290. http://iletisimdergisi.gsu.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/37677/436058

Seo, S. (2016). [Review of the book Journalism and Human Rights: How Demographics Drive Media Coverage by John C. Pollock]. Journal of Communication, 66 (6), E-15-E-17. https://academic.oup.com/joc/article-abstract/66/6/E15/4082402?redirectedFrom=fulltext

g) Book with Organization as Author
American Psychological Association. (2009). Crediting sources: Citing references in text. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., p. 177).

Article

a) Article
Seyidov, I. (2020). On conceptual and methodological deficiencies of data journalism-related studies in Turkey. Connectist: Istanbul University Journal of Communication Sciences, 58, 273-289. https://doi.org/10.26650/CONNECTIST2020-0070

b) Online article without DOI
Grist, L. (2007). Masculinity, violence, resistance: A new psychoanalytic reading of Raging Bull. Atlantis, 29(1), 11-27. Retrieved from https://go.gale.com/

c) Popular magazine article
Salmon, C. (2016, Oct). Ken Loach is right: British film and TV has become too cosy and conservative. Little White Lies. https://lwlies.com/articles/ken-loach-fake-nostalgia-tv-period-dramas/

Thesis, Symposium

a)    Thesis
Kendrick, J. (2005). Screen violence and the new Hollywood [Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation]. Indiana University. https://www.proquest.com/openview/433bbaa0b9973dad53d0aa735d1f941a/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y

b) Symposium contribution
Gündüz, U. & Pembecioğlu N. (2021, October, 26-27). Covid-19. H. Adıyaman (Chairs), The health agenda of media in the lights of information ethics and the Covid-19 sentiment analysis of garlic news [Symposium]. 18. International Communication in the Millennium Symposium, Erzurum, Turkey.

Other Sources

a) Newspaper Article
Lee, E. (2019, February 1). Digital Media: What Went Wrong. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/01/business/media/buzzfeed-digital-media-wrong.html

b) İnternet sayfası kaynakları
Bordwell, D. (2013, June 18). David Koepp: Making the world movie-sized. http://www.davidbordwell.net/blog/page/27/ adresinden 15 Eylül 2020 tarihinde alınmıştır.

c) Official publications and press release
Turkish Statistical Institute (2022). Foreign Trade Statistics (Publication number: 45536). https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Foreign-Trade-Statistics-January-2022-45536&dil=2
The White House, Office of the Press Secretary. (2010, August 4). Administration officials continue travel across the country holding “Recovery Summer” events [Press release]. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/realitycheck/the-press-office/administration-officials-continue-travel-across-country-holding-recovery-summer-eve

ç) Dictionary
Oxford University Press. (n.d.). Communication. In Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved January 1, 2022, from https://www.lexico.com/definition/communication

d) Podcast
West, S. (2020, December). On Media pt. 1- Manufacturing Consent (Episode 148) [Audio podcast]. In Philosophize this!. https://open.spotify.com/episode/04YIh1REL6KOxlnaJWlvfh?si=86782f420d744114

e) Video/Film
Zizek, S. (2008). Violence [Video]. Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_x0eyNkNpL0
Scorsese, M. (Director). (1976). Taxi Driver [Film]. Columbia Pictures.

f) TV series
Chase, D. (Producer). (1999-2007). The Sopranos [TV Series]. HBO.

g) Social Media
Manovich, L. [@manovich]. In the late 1990s South Korea became the leader in Internet connections, and they launched one of the first social networks Cyworld. Next, they used YouTube to create k-pop global popularity. Can they repeat their success in metaverse? [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/manovich/status/1462405978356207626
 [Tweet] for Twitter, [Twitter profile] etc., [Facebook status] for Facebook, [Timeline] etc., [Picture] for Instagram, [Highlight] can be used.

Make sure that the information in the list below is complete:
* Cover letter to the editor
* The category of the manuscript
* Confirming that “the paper is not under consideration for publication in another journal”.
* Including disclosure of any commercial or financial involvement.
* Confirming that the statistical design of the research article is reviewed.
* Confirming that last control for fluent English was done.
* Confirming that journal policies detailed in Information for Authors have been reviewed.
* Confirming that the references cited in the text and listed in the references section are in line with APA 7.
* Copyright Agreement Form
* Permission of previously published copyrighted material if used in the present manuscript
* Title page
* The title of the manuscript both in Turkish and in English
* All authors’ names and affiliations (institution, faculty/department, city, country), e-mail addresses
* Corresponding author’s email address, full postal address, telephone and fax number
* ORCIDs of all authors.
* Main Manuscript Document
* Abstracts (180-200 words) both in Turkish and in English
* Extended Abstract (600-800 words) in English
* Keywords: 5 words both in Turkish and in English
* Financial support (if applicable)
* Conflict of interest (if applicable)
* Acknowledgement (if applicable)
* References
* All tables, illustrations (figures) should be placed within the text including their title, description, footnotes.




BİLGİ


E-ISSN2636-8943
Yayın AralığıYılda İki Sayı

METRİKLER


2
62
1137
1137

İLETİŞİM


Istanbul Üniversitesi, İletişim Fakültesi, Besim Ömer Paşa Mh., Kaptan-ı Derya İbrahim Paşa Sk., 34116, Beyazıt, İstanbul - Türkiye Phone / Telefon: +90 (212) 440 00 00 / 12710 Fax / Faks: +90 (212) 440 03 16 E-mail: connectist@istanbul.edu.tr

İstanbul Üniversitesi Yayınları, uluslararası yayıncılık standartları ve etiğine uygun olarak, yüksek kalitede bilimsel dergi ve kitapların yayınlanmasıyla giderek artan bilimsel bilginin yayılmasına katkıda bulunmayı amaçlamaktadır. İstanbul Üniversitesi Yayınları açık erişimli, ticari olmayan, bilimsel yayıncılığı takip etmektedir.